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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 16, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 1999
  • pp: 395–400

Discrimination between electronic and thermal contributions to the nonlinear refractive index of SrAlF5:Cr+3

A. A. Andrade, E. Tenório, T. Catunda, M. L. Baesso, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 16, Issue 3, pp. 395-400 (1999)

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In ion-doped solids there is a nonlinear refractive index n<sub>2</sub> that is due to the polarizability difference Δα between excited and ground states, the so-called population-lens (PL) effect. In addition, the thermal-lens (TL) effect is particularly important in fluoride materials, owing to their low thermal conductivity. We performed time-resolved Z-scan and mode-mismatched TL measurements at λ=488 nm in SrAlF<sub>5</sub>:Cr<sup>+3</sup>. In this crystal the PL effect is faster than that of the TL, owing to its relatively short metastable lifetime (93 μs), and therefore we could temporally discriminate between these two contributions to the nonlinear refractive index. For the PL effect we measured n<sub>2</sub>=(6.6+1.7i)×10<sup>−11</sup> cm<sup>2</sup>/W<sup>−1</sup> and calculated Δα=3.1×10<sup>−26</sup> cm<sup>3</sup> and Δσ= 1.7×10<sup>−20</sup> cm<sup>2</sup>. From the TL measurements we obtained the thermal diffusivity D=6.5 10<sup>−3</sup> cm<sup>2</sup> s<sup>−1</sup> and estimated the thermal conductivity K=1.7×10<sup>−2</sup> W cm<sup>−1</sup> K<sup>−1</sup> and ds/dT=−8.5 10<sup>−7</sup> K<sup>−1</sup>.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.4870) Nonlinear optics : Photothermal effects
(300.6420) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, nonlinear

A. A. Andrade, E. Tenório, T. Catunda, M. L. Baesso, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, "Discrimination between electronic and thermal contributions to the nonlinear refractive index of SrAlF5:Cr+3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 395-400 (1999)

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