OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 16, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1999
  • pp: 1332–1343

Effects of third-order dispersion on dispersion-managed solitons

T. I. Lakoba and G. P. Agrawal  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 16, Issue 9, pp. 1332-1343 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.16.001332


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (216 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a comprehensive study of the effects of third-order dispersion (TOD) on dispersion-managed (DM) solitons. The two main effects of TOD are creation of asymmetry of the DM soliton’s profile and generation of continuum radiation. Considering these two effects, we derive a conservative bound on the magnitude of TOD below which it will not have a significant detrimental effect on DM solitons over transoceanic distances. We also calculate the shifts in the DM soliton’s position and central frequency that are due to TOD. Finally, we discuss a novel possibility of observing a nonradiating soliton in DM systems with TOD.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

Citation
T. I. Lakoba and G. P. Agrawal, "Effects of third-order dispersion on dispersion-managed solitons," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1332-1343 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-16-9-1332


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama, and A. Maruta, “Recent progress in dispersion-managed soliton transmission technologies,” Opt. Fiber Technol.: Mater., Devices Syst. 3, 197 (1997); J. F. L. Devaney, W. Forysiak, A. M. Niculae, and N. J. Doran, “Soliton collisions in dispersion-managed wavelength-division-multiplexed systems,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1695 (1997); R.-M. Mu, V. S. Grigoryan, C. R. Menyuk, E. A. Golovchenko, and A. N. Pilipetskii, “Timing-jitter reduction in a dispersion managed soliton system,” Opt. Lett. OPLEDP 23, 930 (1998); I. Morita, K. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, and M. Suzuki, “40 Gbit/s single-channel soliton transmission over 8600 km using periodic dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. ELLEAK 34, 1863 (1998).
  2. N. J. Smith, N. J. Doran, F. M. Knox, and W. Forysiak, “Energy-scaling characteristics of solitons in strongly dispersion-managed fibers,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1981 (1996).
  3. J. H. B. Nijhof, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and F. M. Knox, “Stable soliton-like propagation in dispersion-managed systems with net anomalous, zero, and normal dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1726 (1997).
  4. A. Berntson, N. J. Doran, W. Forysiak, and J. H. B. Nijhof, “Power dependence of dispersion-managed solitons for anomalous, zero, and normal path-average dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 23, 900 (1998).
  5. M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “20 Gbit/s-based soliton WDM transmission over transoceanic distances using periodic compensation of dispersion and its slope,” Electron. Lett. 33, 691 (1997); M. Suzuki, I. Morita, N. Takeda, N. Edagawa, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “160 Gbit/s (8×20 Gbit/s) soliton WDM transmission experiments using dispersion flattened fiber and dispersion compensation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 475 (1998).
  6. K. Hizanidis, B. A. Malomed, H. E. Nistazakis, and D. Frantzeskakis, “Stabilizing soliton transmission by third-order dispersion in dispersion-compensated fiber links,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L57 (1998).
  7. K. Hizanidis, B. A. Malomed, H. E. Nistazakis, and D. Frantzeskakis, “Variational approach to transmission in DM long optical links,” in New Trends in Optical Soliton Transmission Systems, A. Hasegawa, ed. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1998).
  8. X. Wang, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Performance restriction from third-order dispersion in long-distance high-speed dispersion-managed IM/DD systems,” presented at the Optoelectronics and Communications Conference, Japan (1998); M. Suzuki, N. Edagawa, N. Takeda, K. Imai, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “20 WDM, 10.66 Gbit/s transmission experiment over 9000 km using periodic dispersion slope compensation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 479 (1998).
  9. T. I. Lakoba and D. J. Kaup, “Shape of stationary soliton in strong dispersion management regime,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1124 (1998).
  10. S. K. Turitsyn and V. K. Mezentsev, “Dynamics of a self-similar dispersion-managed soliton presented in the basis of chirped Gauss–Hermite functions,” JETP Lett. 67, 640 (1998).
  11. S. K. Turitsyn, T. Schäfer, and V. K. Mezentsev, “Self-similar core and oscillatory tails of a path-averaged chirped dispersion-managed optical pulse,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1351 (1998).
  12. T. I. Lakoba and D. J. Kaup, “A Hermite–Gaussian expansion for pule propagation in strongly dispersion-managed fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 6728 (1998).
  13. T. I. Lakoba, J. Yang, D. J. Kaup, and B. A. Malomed, “Conditions for stationary pulse propagation in the strong dispersion management regime,” Opt. Commun. 149, 366 (1998).
  14. Y. Kodama, “Nonlinear chirped RZ and NRZ pulses in optical transmission lines,” preprint (Osaka University, Osaka, Japan); V. S. Grigoryan and C. R. Menyuk, “Dispersion-managed solitons at normal average dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 23, 609 (1998).
  15. P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiation by solitons at the zero group-velocity-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 426 (1990).
  16. V. I. Karpman, “Radiation by solitons due to higher-order dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 2073 (1993).
  17. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602 (1995).
  18. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), p. 47.
  19. Y. Kodama, A. V. Mikhailov, and S. Wabnitz, “Input pulse optimization in wavelength-division-multiplexed soliton transmission,” Opt. Commun. 143, 53 (1997).
  20. J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, “A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third-order dispersion,” Opt. Commun. 114, 321 (1995).
  21. I. M. Uzunov, M. Gölles, and F. Lederer, “Soliton interaction near the zero-dispersion wavelength,” Phys. Rev. E 52, 1059 (1995).
  22. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Effect of axial inhomogeneity on solitons near the zero dispersion point,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 373 (1988).
  23. J. D. Moores, W. S. Wong, and H. A. Haus, “Stability and timing maintainance in soliton transmission and storage rings,” Opt. Commun. 113, 152 (1994); R.-J. Essiambre and G. P. Agrawal, “Timing jitter of ultrashort solitons in high-speed communication systems. I. General formulation and application to dispersion-decreasing fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 314 (1997).
  24. Y. Takushima, X. Wang, and K. Kikuchi, “Transmission of 3-ps dispersion-managed soliton pulses under influence of third-order dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 35, 739 (1999).
  25. M. Klauder, E. W. Laedke, K. H. Spatschek, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Pulse propagation in optical fibers near the zero-dispersion point,” Phys. Rev. E 47, R3844 (1993).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited