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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1678–1684

Nonlinear coherent four-wave mixing in optical microscopy

Eric O. Potma, Wim P. de Boeij, and Douwe A. Wiersma  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 10, pp. 1678-1684 (2000)

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An analysis of the imaging properties of nonlinear coherent four-wave mixing optical microscopes is presented. The generation and propagation of coherent signals are considered under conditions of high numerical aperture with a model that circumvents the need to use the slowly varying envelope approximation. Calculations of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering signals show that diffraction effects play a prominent role in the spatial distribution of the coherent signal intensity. It is emphasized that, unlike for fluorescence microscopy, the detected signal is not a straightforward convolution of a point-spread function and the object but is shaped by the complex interplay of object size and coherent buildup dynamics.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.0180) Imaging systems : Microscopy
(180.6900) Microscopy : Three-dimensional microscopy
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(260.1960) Physical optics : Diffraction theory
(290.5910) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Raman
(300.6230) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering

Eric O. Potma, Wim P. de Boeij, and Douwe A. Wiersma, "Nonlinear coherent four-wave mixing in optical microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1678-1684 (2000)

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