OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 17, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1906–1913

Radiative absorption, fluorescence, and scattering of a classical dipole near a lossless interface: a unified description

Jerome Mertz  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 11, pp. 1906-1913 (2000)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (178 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A simple input–output formalism based on the Lorentz reciprocity theorem is presented for the study of a classical radiating dipole near a lossless interface. The problems of dipole absorption, fluorescence, and scattering are considered in a unified description, and the effects of the interface (a simple dielectric here) are shown to be broadly twofold. First, the channeling of radiation into and out of the dipole is modified. Second, the intrinsic dipole polarizability is found to be modified, leading to an effective absorption (or scattering) cross section that depends on the states of both the dipole and the driving field. These results are particularly applicable to studies involving evanescent-wave microscopy.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(180.2520) Microscopy : Fluorescence microscopy
(240.4350) Optics at surfaces : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(240.6490) Optics at surfaces : Spectroscopy, surface
(260.2510) Physical optics : Fluorescence
(260.6970) Physical optics : Total internal reflection

Jerome Mertz, "Radiative absorption, fluorescence, and scattering of a classical dipole near a lossless interface: a unified description," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1906-1913 (2000)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Axelrod, E. H. Hellen, and R. M. Fulbright, “Total internal reflection fluorescence,” in Topics in Fluorescence Spectroscopy, J. R. Lakowicz, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1992), Vol. 3, p. 289.
  2. M. Oheim, D. Loerke, R. H. Chow, and W. Stühmer, “Evanescent-wave microscopy: a new tool to gain insight into the control of transmitter release,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. B 354, 307–318 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. L. Thompson, H. M. McConnell, and T. P. Burghardt, “Order in supported phospholipid monolayers detected by dichroism of fluorescence excited with polarized evanescent illumination,” Biophys. J. 46, 739–747 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. E. Sund, J. A. Swanson, and D. Axelrod, “Cell membrane orientation visualized by polarized total internal reflection fluorescence,” Biophys. J. 77, 2266–2283 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. A. Steyer, H. Horstmann, and W. Almers, “Transport, docking, and exocytosis of single secretory granules in live chromaffin cells,” Nature 388, 474–478 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Oheim, D. Loerke, W. Stühmer, and R. H. Chow, “Multiple stimulation-dependent processes regulate the size of the releasable pool of vesicles,” Eur. Biophys. J. 28, 91–101 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. M. Reichert, P. A. Suci, J. T. Ives, and J. D. Andrade, “Evanescent detection of adsorbed protein concentration–distance profiles: fit of simple models to variable-angle to-tal internal refection fluorescence data,” Appl. Spectrosc. 41, 503–508 (1987). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Swaminathan, S. Bicknese, N. Periasamy, and A. S. Verkman, “Cytoplasmic viscosity near the cell plasma-membrane—translational diffusion of a small fluorescent solute measured by total internal reflection-fluorescence photobleaching recovery,” Biophys. J. 71, 1140–1151 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. P. Ölveczky, N. Periasamy, and A. S. Verkman, “Mapping fluorophore distributions in three dimensions by quantitative multiple angle–total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy,” Biophys. J. 73, 2836–2847 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Funatsu, Y. Harada, M. Tokunaga, K. Saito, and T. Yanagida, “Imaging of single fluorescent molecules and individual ATP turnovers by single myosin molecules in aqueous solution,” Nature 374, 555–559 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. M. Dickson, D. J. Norris, and W. E. Moerner, “Simultaneous imaging of individual molecules aligned both parallel and perpendicular to the optic axis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5322–5325 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. C. K. Carniglia, L. Mandel, and K. H. Drexhage, “Absorption and emission of evanescent photons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 479–486 (1972). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, London, 1980).
  14. W. Lukosz, “Light emission by magnetic and electric dipoles close to a plane dielectric interface. III. Radiation patterns of dipoles with arbitrary orientation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 1495–1503 (1979). [CrossRef]
  15. K. H. Drexhage, “Interaction of light with monomolecular dye layers,” Prog. Opt. 12, 163–232 (1974). [CrossRef]
  16. R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, “Molecular fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces,” in Advances in Chemical Physics, I. Prigodine and S. A. Rice, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1978), Vol. 37, pp. 1–65.
  17. R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, “Lifetime of an emitting molecule near a partially reflecting surface,” J. Chem. Phys. 60, 2744–2748 (1974). [CrossRef]
  18. W. Lukosz and R. E. Kunz, “Light emission by magnetic and electric dipoles close to a plane dielectric interface. I. Total radiated power,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 67, 1607–1615 (1977). [CrossRef]
  19. E. H. Hellen and D. Axelrod, “Fluorescence emission at dielectric and metal–film interfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 337–350 (1987). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Oheim, D. Loerke, B. Preitz, and W. Stühmer, “A simple optical configuration for depth-resolved imaging using variable-angle evanescent-wave microscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3568, 131–140 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Nieto-Vesperinas and E. Wolf, “Generalized Stokes reciprocity relations for scattering from dielectric objects of arbitrary shape,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 2038–2046 (1986). [CrossRef]
  22. J.-Y. Courtois, J.-M. Courty, and J. Mertz, “Internal dynamics of multilevel atoms near a vacuum–dielectric interface,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1862–1878 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. C. K. Chen, T. F. Heinz, D. Ricard, and Y. R. Shen, “Surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation and Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 1965–1979 (1983). [CrossRef]
  24. P. Ye and Y. R. Shen, “Local-field effect on linear and nonlinear optical properties of adsorbed molecules,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 4288–4294 (1983).
  25. R. R. Chance, A. Prock, and R. Silbey, “Frequency shifts of an electric-dipole transition near a partially reflecting surface,” Phys. Rev. A 12, 1448–1452 (1975). [CrossRef]
  26. R. Kaiser, Y. Lévy, N. Vansteenkiste, A. Aspect, W. Seifert, D. Leipold, and J. Mlynek, “Resonant enhancement of evanescent waves with a thin dielectric waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 104, 234–238 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited