OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1068–1076

Spectroscopic properties of thulium-doped crystalline materials including a novel host, La2Be2O5: a comparative study

Vikas Sudesh and E. M. Goldys  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 6, pp. 1068-1076 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.17.001068


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (208 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a comparative study of the spectroscopic properties of Tm in several crystalline hosts: YAlO3,Y3Al5O12,La2Be2O5, and LiYF4. These materials were experimentally characterized in the spectral region accessible to laser diodes, especially in the context of advantages of pumping at 685 rather than 785 nm. Using the Fuchtbauer–Ladenburg equation, we also calculate the emission cross-section spectra from the experimentally measured fluorescence spectra, in the vicinity of the  3F43H6 and  3H413H5 transitions. The lifetimes of the  3F4– and  3H4– multiplets at room temperature were measured experimentally. We finally report, for the first time to our knowledge, absorption lines for different optical transitions of Tm in La2Be2O5.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced

Citation
Vikas Sudesh and E. M. Goldys, "Spectroscopic properties of thulium-doped crystalline materials including a novel host, La2Be2O5: a comparative study," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1068-1076 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-17-6-1068


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. A. Caird, L. G. DeShazer, and J. Nella, “Characteristics of room-temperature 2.3-μm laser emission from Tm3+ in YAG and YAlO3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 874–881 (1975). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Hauglie-Hanssen and N. Djeu, “Further investigations of a 2-μmTm:YVO4 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 275–279 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. I. F. Elder and M. J. P. Payne, “Characterization of a cw diode-pumped Tm:YAP laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, B. Chai and S. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 358–361.
  4. N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, F. L. Naranjo, W. J. Rodriguez, and M. R. Kokta, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Ho, Tm:LuAG,” Opt. Lett. 18, 708–710 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient, broadly tunable, laser-pumped Tm:YAG and Tm:YSGG cw lasers,” Opt. Lett. 15, 486–488 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. Sudesh and J. A. Piper, “Comparison of pulsed laser operations of 1.5% thulium doped YAG and YLF at 2.3 μm,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Solid State Lasers: Materials and Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 115–117 (1997).
  7. J. F. Pinto, L. Esterowitz, and G. H. Rosenblatt, “Tm3+:YLF laser continuously tunable between 2.20 and 2.46 μm,” Opt. Lett. 19, 883–885 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. X. Chang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, “Blue upconversion with excitation into Yb- and Tm-codoped fluoride crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 9298–9301 (1988).
  9. V. Sudesh, E. M. Goldys, J. A. Piper, and R. S. Seymour, “Growth, characterization, and laser potential of Tm:La2Be2O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 101, 239–246 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. V. Sudesh, “Growth and characterisation of novel solid state Tm3+ crystalline host materials,” Ph.D. dissertation (Macquarie University, North Ryde, Australia, 1999).
  11. V. Sudesh, J. A. Piper, D. S. Knowles, and R. S. Seymour, “Optical properties of Tm3+ in lanthanum beryllate,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 510–515.
  12. V. Sudesh, E. M. Goldys, J. A. Piper, and R. S. Seymour, “Optical transitions at 1.8 μm in Tm:La2Be2O5,” presented at the 20th International Quantum Electronics Conference, Sydney, Australia, July 14–19, 1996.
  13. A. A. Kaminskii, “Today and tomorrow of laser-crystal physics,” Phys. Status Solidi A 148, 9–79 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. O’Hare and V. L. Donlan, “Crystal-field determination for trivalent thulium in yttrium orthoaluminate,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 3732–3743 (1976). [CrossRef]
  15. R. J. Pressley, CRC Handbook of Lasers with Selected Data on Optical Technology (CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).
  16. H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, R. P. Leavitt, C. A. Morrison, and D. E. Wortman, “Analysis of the optical spectrum of Tm3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 11, 92–101 (1975). [CrossRef]
  17. L. A. Harris and H. Y. Yakel, “The crystal structure of La2Be2O5,” Acta Crystallogr. Sect. B: 24, 672–682 (1968). [CrossRef]
  18. H. P. Jenssen, R. F. Begley, R. Webb, and R. C. Morris, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance of Nd3+ in lanthanum beryllate,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1496–1500 (1976). [CrossRef]
  19. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, New York, 1995).
  20. G. A. Bogomolova, L. A. Bumagina, A. A. Kaminskii, and B. Z. Malkin, “Crystal field in laser garnets with TR3+ ions in the exchange charge model,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 19, 1428–1435 (1977).
  21. A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990).
  22. R. Hutcheson, Scientific Materials Corporation, 310–T Icepond Road, Bozeman, Mont. 59715 (personal communication, 1998): YAG 1.08; pull rate, 1–3 mm/h.
  23. N. P. Barnes, M. G. Jani, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Diode-pumped, room temperature Tm:LuAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4290–4294 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. J. Johnson, Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Fla. 32816–2700 (personal communication, 1998): YAG approximately but not equal to 1, YLF approximately but not equal to 1.
  25. B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. D. Bartolo, “Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2772–2787 (1998). [CrossRef]
  26. I. F. Elder, “Diode-pumped two micron solid-state lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde, UK, 1997).
  27. I. K. Razumova, A. M. Tkachuk, D. I. Mironov, and A. A. Nikitichev, “Spectral intensities and stimulated radiation of Tm3+:YLF crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. 81, 205–213 (1996).
  28. J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, R. M. Macfarlane, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, G. J. Quarles, and L. Esterowitz, “Spectra and energy levels of Tm3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 9464–9478 (1989). [CrossRef]
  29. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992). [CrossRef]
  30. R. C. Stoneman and L. Esterowitz, “Efficient 1.94-μm Tm:YALO laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 78–81 (1995). [CrossRef]
  31. M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, “Effects of co-dopant concentrations and excitations on the 2-μm fluorescence dynamics in Tm, Ho:YLF crystals,” Appl. Phys. A: 59, 253–258 (1994). [CrossRef]
  32. I. F. Elder, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency, Malvern, UK (personal communication, 1997).
  33. K. M. Dinndorf, “Energy transfer between thulium and holmium in laser hosts,” Ph.D. dissertation (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1993).
  34. T. S. Kubo and T. J. Kane, “Diode-pumped lasers at five eye-safe wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1033–1040 (1992). [CrossRef]
  35. V. Sudesh and J. A. Piper, “Mid infrared Tm3+ 4-level lasers in a variety of crystals: model and experiment,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 468–475.
  36. D. Bar-Joseph, “2.32 micron flash lamp pumped high repetition rate laser operation in Tm;Cr:YAG,” in Solid State Lasers III, G. J. Quarles, ed., Proc. SPIE 1627, 81–84 (1992). [CrossRef]
  37. M. Bass and M. J. Weber, “Nd, Cr:YAlO3 laser tailored for high-energy Q-switched operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 395–398 (1970). [CrossRef]
  38. M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, “Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342–345 (1969). [CrossRef]
  39. G. A. Massey and J. M. Yarborough, “High average power operation and nonlinear optical generation with the Nd:YAlO3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 576–579 (1971). [CrossRef]
  40. G. A. Massey, “Criterion for selection of cw laser host materials to increase available power in the fundamental mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 213–215 (1970). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited