OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1291–1303

Experimental and theoretical investigations of the 4ƒ2→ 4ƒ5d ground-state and excited-state absorption spectra of Pr3+ in LiYF4

Mathieu Laroche, Jean-Louis Doualan, Sylvain Girard, Jean Margerie, and Richard Moncorgé  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 7, pp. 1291-1303 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.17.001291


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (287 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Near-UV excited-state absorption spectra obtained with a pulsed pump–probe technique were recorded in LiYF4:Pr3+ at 77 and at 8 K and revealed a detailed structure of the 4f 2 1D2→4f5d and 4f 2 (3P0+1I6)→4f5d optical transitions. These experimental results, together with those previously obtained at room temperature, are compared with the numerical predictions of a full calculation of the 4f5d sublevels and of the electric dipole transitions toward these sublevels from different states of the 4f 2 configuration. The agreement is good, provided that the four adjustable parameters of the theory are taken as B20(5d)=7290 cm−1, B40(5d)=−14 900 cm−1, F0=60 557 cm−1, and 〈r〉fd=0.245 Å. The level structure of the 4f5d configuration of LiYF4:Pr3+ is shown to be dominated, as expected, by the crystal field coupling of the 5d electron but also, to a noticeable extent, by the spin–orbit coupling of the 4f electron and the Coulomb repulsion of both electrons. The former of these two interactions is somewhat more efficient than the latter in the low-energy part of the 4f5d configuration, i.e., in the spectral region where the largest amount of experimental data is currently available.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6170) Spectroscopy : Spectra

Citation
Mathieu Laroche, Jean-Louis Doualan, Sylvain Girard, Jean Margerie, and Richard Moncorgé, "Experimental and theoretical investigations of the 4ƒ2→ 4ƒ5d ground-state and excited-state absorption spectra of Pr3+ in LiYF4," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1291-1303 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-17-7-1291


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. S. M. Hooker and C. E. Webb, “Progress in vacuum ultraviolet lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 18, 227–274 (1994).
  2. J. K. Lawson and S. A. Payne, “Excited-state absorption of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 2, 225–232 (1993).
  3. R. W. Waynant and P. H. Klein, “Vacuum ultraviolet laser emission from Nd3+:LaF3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 14–16 (1985).
  4. E. Sarantopoulou, A. C. Cefalas, M. A. Dubinskii, C. A. Nicolaides, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, “VUV and UV fluorescence and absorption studies of Pr3+-doped LiLuF4 single crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19, 499–501 (1994).
  5. Z. Kollia, E. Sarantopoulou, A. C. Cefalas, C. A. Nicolaides, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korableva, and M. A. Dubinskii, “Vacuum-ultraviolet interconfigurational 4f3→4f25d absorption and emission studies of the Nd3+ ion in KYF, YF, and YLF crystal hosts,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 782–785 (1995).
  6. Z. Kollia, E. Sarantopoulou, A. C. Cefalas, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “On the 4f25d→4f3 interconfigurational transitions of Nd3+ ions in K2YF5 and LiYF4 crystal hosts,” Opt. Commun. 149, 386–392 (1998).
  7. R. T. Wegh, H. Donker, and A. Meijerink, “Spin-allowed and spin-forbidden fd emission from Er3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 57, R2025–R2028 (1998).
  8. R. T. Wegh and A. Meijerink, “Spin-allowed and spin-forbidden 4fn↔4fn−15d transitions for heavy lanthanides in fluoride hosts,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 10820–10830 (1999).
  9. L. Esterowitz, F. J. Bartoli, R. E. Allen, D. E. Wortmann, C. A. Morrison, and R. P. Leavitt, “Energy levels and line in-tensities of Pr3+ in LiYF4,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6442–6455 (1979).
  10. M. Laroche, A. Braud, S. Girard, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, M. Thuau, and L. D. Merkle, “Spectroscopic investigations of the 4f5d energy levels of Pr3+ in fluoride crystals by excited-state absorption and two-step excitation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2269–2277 (1999).
  11. A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, and N. Uehara, “New laser-diode-pumped cw laser based on Nd3+-ion-doped tetragonal LiLuF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 32, L586–L588 (1993).
  12. E. Garcia and R. R. Ryan, “Structure of the laser host material LiYF4,” Acta Crystallogr., Sect. C: Cryst. Struct. Commun. 49, 2053–2054 (1993).
  13. K. H. Hellwege, “Elektronenterme und Strahlung von Atomen in Kristallen. I. Termaufspaltung und elektrische Dipolstrahlung,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 4, 95–126 (1948).
  14. E. U. Condon and G. H. Shortley, The Theory of Atomic Spectra (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1970).
  15. B. R. Judd, Operator Techniques in Atomic Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1963).
  16. B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989).
  17. J. Sugar, “Energy levels of Pr3+ in the vapor state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 731–732 (1965).
  18. J. Sugar, “Analysis of the spectrum of triply ionized praseodymium (Pr IV),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 1058–1061 (1965).
  19. R. E. Trees, “Configuration interaction in Mn II,” Phys. Rev. 83, 756–760 (1951).
  20. C. W. Nielson and G. F. Koster, Spectroscopic Coefficients for the pn, dn and fn Configurations (MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1963).
  21. C. A. Morrison and R. P. Leavitt, “Spectroscopic properties of triply ionized lanthanides in transparent host crystals,” in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, K. A. Gschneidner, Jr., and L. Eyring, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982), Chap. 46, pp. 461–692.
  22. R. A. Apaev, M. V. Eremin, A. K. Naumov, V. V. Semashko, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, and S. L. Korableva, “Interconfiguration 4f–5d transitions of the Ce3+ ion in a LiLuF4 crystal,” Opt. Spectrosc. 84, 735–737 (1998).
  23. D. E. Castleberry and A. Linz, “Measurement of the refractive indices of LiYF4,” Appl. Opt. 14, 2056 (1975).
  24. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
  25. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
  26. K. Rajnak, “Approximate excited eigenfunctions for Pr3+ and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 2440–2444 (1962).
  27. A. C. Cefalas, National Hellenic Research Foundation, Theoretical and Physical Chemistry Institute, 48 Vassileos Constantinou Avenue, Athens 11635, Greece (personal communication, 1999).
  28. S. P. Chernov, L. I. Devyatkova, O. N. Ivanova, A. A. Kaminskii, V. V. Mikhailin, S. N. Rudnev, and T. V. Uvarova, “5d14fN−1–4fN absorption and luminescence of Ce3+, Pr3+ and Nd3+ ions in BaY2F8 single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 88, K169–K172 (1985).
  29. Y. M. Cheung and S. K. Gayen, “Excited-state absorption in Pr3+:Y3Al5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 14827–14835 (1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited