OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 17, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1531–1542

Measurements of the hyperpolarizability tensor by means of hyper-Rayleigh scattering

V. Ostroverkhov, R. G. Petschek, K. D. Singer, L. Sukhomlinova, R. J. Twieg, S.-X. Wang, and L. C. Chien  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 17, Issue 9, pp. 1531-1542 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.17.001531


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (311 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe improvements to a previously reported hyper-Rayleigh scattering technique [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 289 (1998)], for measuring all rotational invariants of the first hyperpolarizability tensor. The full hyper-Rayleigh scattering tensor is expressed in terms of its rotationally invariant components leading to a figures of merit corresponding to each of the rotationally invariant tensors. With elliptically polarized incident light, the polarization state and the intensity of the harmonic light are measured at a scattering angle of 45°. A new analytical fitting method is applied to the signal for two polarization measurements to yield the invariants. We have measured several chiral and nonchiral chromophores to determine the hyperpolarizability tensor with which to analyze the measurement accuracy, to reveal structure property relationships, and to assess the applicability of the chromophores as nonlinear optical materials. Results for a series of chiral chromophores and for Crystal Violet are presented.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Scattering measurements
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(290.5840) Scattering : Scattering, molecules
(300.6420) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, nonlinear

Citation
V. Ostroverkhov, R. G. Petschek, K. D. Singer, L. Sukhomlinova, R. J. Twieg, S.-X. Wang, and L. C. Chien, "Measurements of the hyperpolarizability tensor by means of hyper-Rayleigh scattering," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1531-1542 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-17-9-1531


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. J. Zyss, ed., Molecular Nonlinear Optics (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1994).
  2. G. Lindsay and K. Singer, eds., Polymers for Second-Order Nonlinear Optics, Vol. 601 of ACS Symposium Series (American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C., 1995).
  3. D. A. Kleinman, “Nonlinear dielectric polarization in optical media,” Phys. Rev. 126, 1977–1979 (1962).
  4. K. D. Singer, S. F. Hubbard, A. Schober, L. M. Hayden, and K. Johnson, “Second harmonic generation” in Characterization Techniques and Tabulations for Organic Nonlinear Optical Materials, M. G. Kuzyk and C. W. Dirk, eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1998), pp. 311–513.
  5. J. Zyss and I. Ledoux, “Nonlinear optics in multipolar media: theory and experiment,” Chem. Rev. 94, 77–105 (1994).
  6. S. Brasselet and J. Zyss, “Multipolar molecules and multipolar fields: probing and controlling the tensorial nature of nonlinear molecular media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 257–288 (1998).
  7. M. Joffre, D. Yaron, R. Silbey, and J. Zyss, “Second-order optical nonlinearity in octopolar aromatic systems,” J. Chem. Phys. 97, 5607–5615 (1992).
  8. T. Verbiest, K. Clays, C. Samyn, J. Wolff, D. Reinhoudt, and A. Persoons, “Investigations of the hyperpolarizability in organic molecules from dipolar to octopolar systems,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 116, 9320–9323 (1994).
  9. S. F. Hubbard, R. G. Petschek, K. D. Singer, N. D’Sidocky, C. Hudson, L. C. Chien, C. C. Henderson, and P. A. Cahill, “Measurements of Kleinman-disallowed hyperpolarizability in conjugated chiral molecules,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 289–301 (1998).
  10. M. Kozierowski, “Electric-dipole differential hyper-Rayleigh and hyper-Raman scattering of elliptically polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 31, 509–510 (1985); G. Wagniere, “Theoretical investigation of Kleinman symmetry in molecules,” Appl. Phys. B 41, 169–172 (1986).
  11. R. Wortmann, P. Krämer, C. Glania, S. Lebus, and N. Detzer, “Deviations from Kleinman symmetry of the second-order polarizability tensor in molecules with low-lying perpendicular electronic bands,” Chem. Phys. 173, 99–108 (1992).
  12. V. Ostroverkhov, O. Ostroverkhova, R. G. Petschek, K. D. Singer, L. Sukhomlinova, R. J. Twieg, S.-X. Wang, and L. C. Chien, “Optimization of the molecular hyperpolarizability for second harmonic generation in chiral media,” Chem. Phys. 257, 263–274 (2000).
  13. I. D. Morrison, R. G. Denning, W. M. Laidlaw, and M. A. Stammers, “Measurement of first hyperpolarizabilities by hyper-Rayleigh scattering,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 1445–1453 (1996).
  14. P. Kaatz and D. P. Shelton, “Polarized hyper-Rayleigh light scattering measurements of nonlinear optical chromophores,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 3918–3929 (1996).
  15. T. W. Chui and K. Y. Wong, “Study of hyper-Rayleigh scattering and two-photon absorption induced fluorescence from Crystal Violet,” J. Chem. Phys. 109, 1391–1396 (1998).
  16. S. J. Lalama and A. F. Garito, “Origin of the nonlinear second-order optical susceptibilities of organic systems,” Phys. Rev. A 20, 1179–1194 (1979).
  17. G. J. T. Heesink, A. G. T. Ruiter, N. F. van Hulst, and B. Bölger, “Determination of hyperpolarizability tensor components by hyper-Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 999–1002 (1993).
  18. X-ray crystal structures were determined by C. Barnes of the University of Missouri–Columbia, Columbia, Missouri.
  19. J. Zyss, T. C. Van, C. Dhenaut, and I. Ledoux, “Harmonic Rayleigh scattering from nonlinear octupolar molecular media: the case of Crystal Violet,” J. Chem. Phys. 177, 281–296 (1993).
  20. S. Stadler, R. Dietrich, G. Bourhill, and Ch. Bräuchle, “Long-wavelength first hyperpolarizability measurements by hyper-Rayleigh scattering,” Opt. Lett. 21, 251–253 (1996).
  21. H. B. Lueck, J. L. McHale, and W. D. Edwards, “Symmetry-breaking solvent effects on the electronic structure and spectra of a series of triphenylmethane dyes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 2342–2348 (1992).
  22. Y. Maruyama, M. Ishikawa, and H. Satozono, “Femtosecond isomerization of Crystal Violet in alcohols,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 118, 6257–6263 (1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited