OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 18, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1416–1422

Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2

Feng-Lei Hong, Jun Ishikawa, Atsushi Onae, and Hirokazu Matsumoto  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 18, Issue 10, pp. 1416-1422 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.18.001416


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (175 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Hyperfine structures of the R(58)320,P(55)320, and P(104)340 transitions of molecular iodine near 532 nm are measured by heterodyne beating of two I2-stabilized lasers. The measured hyperfine splittings are fitted to a four-term Hamiltonian, which includes the electric quadrupole, spin–rotation, tensor spin–spin, and scalar spin–spin interactions, with an accuracy of ∼600 Hz for the R(58)320 and P(55)320 transitions. Highly accurate hyperfine constants are obtained from this fit. The rotation dependence of the excited state (the B state, v=32) electric quadrupole constant eQq is found to be eQq(J)=-544.049(14)-0.0002110(43)J(J+1) MHz. The observed hyperfine transitions are good candidates for an optical frequency reference in the 532-nm region.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.2930) Atomic and molecular physics : Hyperfine structure
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser
(300.6390) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, molecular
(300.6460) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, saturation

Citation
Feng-Lei Hong, Jun Ishikawa, Atsushi Onae, and Hirokazu Matsumoto, "Rotation dependence of the excited-state electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction by high-resolution laser spectroscopy of 127I2," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1416-1422 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-18-10-1416


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Arie, S. Schiller, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute frequency stabilization of diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG lasers to hyperfine transitions in molecular iodine,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1204–1206 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Arie and R. L. Byer, “Laser heterodyne spectroscopy of 127I2 hyperfine structure near 532 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1990–1997 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. A. Arie and R. L. Byer, “The hyperfine structure of the 127I2P(119)35#x2013;0 transition,” Opt. Commun. 111, 253–258 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. J. L. Hall, L.-S. Ma, M. Taubman, B. Tiemann, F.-L. Hong, O. Pfister, and J. Ye, “Stabilization and frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 583–586 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Camy, C. J. Bordé, and M. Ducloy, “Heterodyne saturation spectroscopy through frequency modulation of the saturation beam,” Opt. Commun. 41, 325–330 (1982); especially Refs. 6 and 7 therein. [CrossRef]
  6. J. H. Shirley, “Modulation transfer processes in optical hyterodyne saturation spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 7, 537–539 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L.-S. Ma, J. H. Shirley, L. Hollberg, and J. L. Hall, “Modulation transfer spectroscopy for stabilizing lasers,” U.S. Patent 4, 590, 597 (May 26, 1986).
  8. M. L. Eickhoff and J. L. Hall, “Optical frequency standard at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 155–158 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Ye, L. Robertsson, S. Picard, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Absolute frequency atlas of molecular I2 lines at 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 544–549 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. F.-L. Hong, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, S. Picard, Ch. J. Bordé, and J. L. Hall, “Rotation dependence of electric quadrupole hyperfine interaction in the ground state of molecular iodine by high resolution laser spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 379–387 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, J. Yoda, J. Ye, L.-S. Ma, and J. L. Hall, “Frequency comparison of 127I2-stabilized Nd:YAG lasers,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 532–536 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, T. H. Yoon, L.-S. Ma, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for wavelength standards at 532 nm and 1064 nm,” in Recent Developments in Optical Gauge Block Metrology, N. Brown and J. E. Decker, eds., Proc. SPIE 3477, 2–10 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. F.-L. Hong and J. Ishikawa, “Hyperfine structures of the R(122)35–0 and P(84)33–0 transitions of 127I2 near 532 nm,” Opt. Commun. 183, 101–108 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. J.-P. Wallerand, F. du Burck, B. Mercier, A. N. Goncharov, M. Himbert, and Ch. J. Bordé, “Frequency measurements of hyperfine splittings in ground rovibronic states of I2 bystimulated resonant Raman spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. D 6, 63–76 (1999).
  15. (Personal communication of F.-L. Hong with Ch. J. Bordé, 1998).
  16. T. J. Quinn, “Practical realization of the definition of the metre (1997),” Metrologia 36, 211–244 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. P. A. Jungner, S. Swartz, M. Eickhoff, J. Ye, J. L. Hall, and S. Waltman, “Absolute frequency of the molecular iodine transition R(56)32–0 near 532 nm,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 44, 151–154 (1995). [CrossRef]
  18. P. Jungner, M. L. Eickhoff, S. D. Swartz, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Stability and absolute frequency of molecular iodine transitions near 532 nm,” in Laser Frequency Stabilization and Noise Reduction, Y. Shevy, ed., Proc. SPIE 2378, 22–34 (1995). [CrossRef]
  19. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102–5105 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, Atlas Du Spectre D’Absorption de la Molecule D’Iode (Editions de CNRS, Paris, 1978).
  21. Model 126 and 142, Lightwave Electronics Corporation, Mountain View, Calif.
  22. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, A. Onae, and J. Yoda, “A portable I2-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 486–489 (2001). [CrossRef]
  23. H. J. Foth and F. Spieweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58–1 line of 127I2 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979). [CrossRef]
  24. Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of 127I2 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5017 Å: I—Main resonances,” J. Phys. (France) 42, 1393–1411 (1981). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy: the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 867–881 (1985). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Wakasugi, T. Horiguchi, M. Koizumi, and Y. Yoshizawa, “Hyperfine structure near the 13–1 band head in the B–X transition of 127I2,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 2298–2304 (1988). [CrossRef]
  27. H. Knöckel, S. Kremser, B. Bodermann, and E. Tiemann, “High precision measurement of hyperfine structures near 790 nm of I2,” Z. Phys. D 37, 43–48 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited