OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 18, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1189–1195

Transverse Fourier analysis of squeezed light in diode lasers

Carlos L. Garrido Alzar, Silvia M. de Paula, Marcelo Martinelli, Ricardo J. Horowicz, Antonio Z. Khoury, and Geraldo A. Barbosa  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 1189-1195 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (175 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The transverse properties of squeezed light are studied for a number-squeezed edge diode laser working in an external-cavity configuration. Light noise is analyzed as a function of the transverse wave vector transmitted by a single slit at the focal plane of a short focal lens. Noise measurements obtained by opening the slit centered at the kx=0 position show a minimum squeezing at the slit center that increases up to the full-beam noise-compression. Noise is also measured by displacing a single slit of fixed width at the focal plane. The results of this wave-vector dependence are compared with a theory in which the slit is treated as a beam splitter for the incoming Hermite–Gaussian laser beam. A summation of the noise contributions at each wave vector cannot give the obtained result with the slit being open, which indicates a possible noise correlation of light with distinct wave vectors.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(270.2500) Quantum optics : Fluctuations, relaxations, and noise
(270.6570) Quantum optics : Squeezed states

Carlos L. Garrido Alzar, Silvia M. de Paula, Marcelo Martinelli, Ricardo J. Horowicz, Antonio Z. Khoury, and Geraldo A. Barbosa, "Transverse Fourier analysis of squeezed light in diode lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1189-1195 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, New York, 1995).
  2. S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and Y. Itaya, “Observation of amplitude squeezing in a constant-current-driven semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1000–1003 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and J. S. Satchell, “Generation of sub-Poissonian light by high-efficiency light-emitting-diodes,” Europhys. Lett. 4, 293–299 (1987). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Wang, M. J. Freeman, and D. G. Steel, “Squeezed light from injection-locked quantum well lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3951–3954 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R.-D. Li, S.-K. Choi, C. Kim, and P. Kumar, “Generation of sub-Poissonian pulses of light,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R3429–R3432 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Yong-qing Li and Min Xiao, “Generation and applications of amplitude-squeezed states of light from semiconductor diode lasers,” Opt. Express 2, 110–117 (1998), and references therein. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, J. Ph. Poizat, T. J. Cahng, and Ph. Grangier, “Spatial quantum noise of semiconductor lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2140–2146 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Ph. Poizat, T. Chang, O. Ripoll, and Ph. Grangier, “Spatial quantum noise of laser diodes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1757–1761 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, M. Gabrysch, K. H. Gulden, and M. Moser, “Polarization competition and noise properties of VCSELs,” Opt. Commun. 146, 136–140 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. M. D. Levenson, W. H. Richardson, and S. H. Perlmutter, “Stochastic noise in TEM00 laser beam position,” Opt. Lett. 14, 779–781 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. The high-impedance power supply was designed at the Laboratoire Kastler Brossell, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris.
  12. H. P. Yuen and V. W. S. Chan, “Noise in homodyne and heterodyne detection,” Opt. Lett. 8, 177–179 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. E. Slusher, L. W. Hollberg, B. Yurke, J. C. Mertz, and J. F. Valley, “Observation of squeezed states generated by four-wave mixing in an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2409–2412 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. W. Goodman Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, San Francisco, Calif., 1968).
  15. G. Grynberg, A. Aspect, and C. Fabre, Introduction aux Lasers et à L’Optique Quantique (Ellipses, Paris, 1997).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited