OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 18, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1268–1284

Active-cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser eigenmodes with simple analytic representation

S. Riyopoulos, D. Dialetis, J. Inman, and A. Phillips  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 18, Issue 9, pp. 1268-1284 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.18.001268


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (553 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Gain-guided eigenmodes in open vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser cavities are constructed by superposition of paraxial (i.e., Gauss–Laguerre) modes employing the unfolded-cavity hard-mirror equivalent to distributed Bragg reflectors. The round-trip matrix is obtained analytically for simple gain profiles, including finite-mirror-size losses, diffraction spreading, and gain-confinement effects. Diagonalization yields the full range of stable, unstable, and steady-state complex eigenmodes and gain eigenvalues, in terms of the cavity parameters. More importantly, it is demonstrated that in cases of interest the lower-order cavity eigenmodes can be approximated by pure Gauss–Laguerre modes with optimum waist size prescribed through a simple variational principle. The Gaussian nature of the cavity modes is confirmed by comparison with experiments. Finally, the new eigenmode properties self-consistently account for wavelength blueshifting and reduction in the mode waist with increasing bias current, without invoking index guiding.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3670) Optical devices : Light-emitting diodes
(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

Citation
S. Riyopoulos, D. Dialetis, J. Inman, and A. Phillips, "Active-cavity vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser eigenmodes with simple analytic representation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1268-1284 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-18-9-1268

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited