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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2002
  • pp: 33–36

Neodymium and gadolinium diffusion in yttrium vanadate

Simon J. Hettrick, James S. Wilkinson, and David P. Shepherd  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 1, pp. 33-36 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.000033


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Abstract

The thermal diffusion of Nd3+ and Gd3+ ions in YVO4 is characterized, yielding diffusion rates of 7×10-19 and 44×10-19 m2 s-1, respectively, at 1400 °C and activation energies of 5.3×10-19 and 2.9×10-19 J, respectively, for diffusion along the c axis. The fluorescence properties of the Nd3+-diffused YVO4 agree well with those of bulk doped materials. The formation of a planar optical waveguide was also observed for one of the Nd3+-diffused samples. This characterization is a significant first step toward fabrication of waveguide lasers and amplifiers in this important laser material.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials

Citation
Simon J. Hettrick, James S. Wilkinson, and David P. Shepherd, "Neodymium and gadolinium diffusion in yttrium vanadate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 33-36 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-1-33

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