## Complex-cubic Ginzburg–Landau equation-based model for erbium-doped fiber-amplifier-supported nonreturn-to-zero communications

JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 1, pp. 63-74 (2002)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.000063

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### Abstract

The propagation of nonreturn-to-zero pulses, composed by a superposition of two exact shock-wave solutions of a complex-cubic Ginzburg–Landau equation linearly coupled to a linear nondispersive equation, is studied in detail. The model describes the distributed (average) propagation in a dual-core erbium-doped fiber-amplifier-supported optical-fiber system where stabilization is achieved by means of short segments of an extra lossy core that is parallel and coupled to the main one. The linear-stability analysis of the two asymptotic states of the shock wave in combination with direct numerical simulations provide necessary conditions for optimal propagation of the nonreturn-to-zero pulse. The enhancement of the propagation distance by at least an order of magnitude, under a suitable choice of the parameters, establishes the beneficial role of the passive channel.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

**OCIS Codes**

(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators

(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications

(060.2410) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, erbium

(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

**Citation**

Nikos Efremidis and Kyriakos Hizanidis, "Complex-cubic Ginzburg–Landau equation-based model for erbium-doped fiber-amplifier-supported nonreturn-to-zero communications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B **19**, 63-74 (2002)

http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-1-63

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