We have studied theoretically the inherent mechanisms of nonvolatile holographic storage in doubly doped LiNbO3 crystals. The photochromic effect of doubly doped LiNbO3 crystals is discussed, and the criterion for this effect is obtained through the photochromism–bleach factor a=S21γ1/S11γ2 that we define. The two-center recording and fixing processes are analytically discussed with extended Kukhtarev equations, and analytical expressions for recorded and fixed steady-state space-charge fields as well as temporal behavior during the fixing process are obtained. The effects of microphysical quantities, the macrophotochromic effect on fixing efficiency, and recorded and fixed steady-state space-charge fields, are discussed analytically and numerically.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Youwen Liu and Liren Liu, "Theoretical investigation of nonvolatile holographic storage in doubly doped lithium niobate crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2413-2422 (2002)