OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 19, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2002
  • pp: 2603–2608

Influence of the pedestal on the interaction of a high-intensity, ultrashort laser pulse with a gas target

Pascal D’Oliveira, Sandrine Dobosz, Sébastien Hulin, Pascal Monot, Fabrice Réau, and Thierry Auguste  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 11, pp. 2603-2608 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (444 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a study on the influence of the pedestal in laser–gas jet interaction experiments at very high intensity. The dynamic of the plasma resulting from the interaction is probed on a 3.8-ns time scale with a 60-fs time and a 5-μm space resolution using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer. It is observed that a plasma is created by the amplified spontaneous emission pedestal before the ultrashort pulse reaches the jet. We show that this preplasma modifies dramatically the propagation of the laser beam, which splits into two parts when it reaches the preplasma. The major part of the beam is strongly refracted by the preplasma while a small fraction is guided in the channel resulting from the hydrodynamic expansion of the preplasma.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(350.5400) Other areas of optics : Plasmas
(350.5500) Other areas of optics : Propagation

Pascal D’Oliveira, Sandrine Dobosz, Sébastien Hulin, Pascal Monot, Fabrice Réau, and Thierry Auguste, "Influence of the pedestal on the interaction of a high-intensity, ultrashort laser pulse with a gas target," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2603-2608 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. G. Michette, I. C. E. Turcu, M. S. Schulz, M. T. Browne, G. R. Morrison, P. Fluck, C. J. Buckley, and F. Förster, “Scanning X-ray microscopy using a laser-plasma source,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 1478–82 (1993).
  2. A. G. Michette, A. M. Rogoyski, and R. E. Burge, “A laser-generated plasma source for x-ray lithography and VSLI,” J. Phys. E 21, 959–65 (1988).
  3. O. Willi, G. Kiehn, J. Edwards, V. Barrow, R. A. Smith, J. Wark, and E. Turcu, “observations of high-density plasmas produced with a picosecond high-power KrF Irradiation,” Europhys. Lett. 10, 141–146 (1989).
  4. H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, A. Szöke, and R. W. Falcone, “Prepulse energy suppression for high-energy ultrashort pulses using self-induced plasma shuttering,” Opt. Lett. 16, 490–492 (1991).
  5. J. A. Cobble, G. T. Schappert, L. A. Jones, A. J. Taylor, G. A. Kyrala, and R. D. Fulton, “The interaction of a high-irradiance, subpicosecond laser pulse with aluminum: The effects of the prepulse on x-ray production,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3369–3371 (1991).
  6. U. Teubner, G. Kühnle, and F. P. Schäfer, “Soft x-ray spectra produced by subpicosecond laser double-pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2672–2674 (1991).
  7. N. H. Burnett and G. D. Enright, “Population inversion in the recombination of optically-ionized plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1797–1808 (1990).
  8. P. Amendt, D. C. Eder, and S. C. Wilks, “X-ray lasing by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2589–2592 (1991).
  9. D. C. Eder, P. Amendt, and S. C. Wilks, “Optical-field-ionized plasma x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 6761–6772 (1992).
  10. D. C. Eder, P. Amendt, L. B. DaSilva, R. A. London, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, B. M. Penetrante, M. D. Rosen, S. C. Wilks, T. D. Donnelly, R. W. Falcone, and G. L. Strobel, “Tabletop x-ray lasers,” Phys. Plasmas 1, 1744–1752 (1994).
  11. M. J. Grout, K. A. Janulewicz, S. B. Healy, and G. J. Pert, “Optical-field induced gas mixture breakdown for recombination X-ray lasers,” Opt. Commun. 141, 213–220 (1997).
  12. K. A. Janulewicz, S. B. Healy, and G. J. Pert, “Modelling of OFI-plasma recombination x-ray lasers,” Opt. Commun. 140, 165–178 (1997).
  13. M. J. Grout, G. J. Pert, and A. Djaoui, “Propagation effects optical-field-induced gas mixture breakdown for recombination X-ray lasers,” J. Phys. B 31, 197–207 (1998).
  14. S. Hulin, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, P. Monot, S. Jacquemot, L. Bonnet, and E. Lefebvre, “Soft x-ray laser scheme in a plasma created by optical-field-induced ionization of nitrogen,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 5693–5700 (2000).
  15. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56, 219–221 (1985).
  16. G. Chériaux, P. Rousseau, F. Salin, J. P. Chambaret, B. Walker, and L. F. Dimauro, “Aberration-free stretcher design for ultrashort pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 414–416 (1996).
  17. J. P. Chambaret, C. Le-Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, and P. Rousseau, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921–1923 (1996).
  18. K. Yamakawa and C. P. J. Barty, “Ultrafast, ultrahigh-peak, and high-average power Ti:sapphire laser system and its applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 658–675 (2000).
  19. G. Albrecht, A. Antonetti, and G. Mourou, “Temporal shape analysis of Nd3+:YAG active–passive mode-locked pulses,” Opt. Commun. 40, 59–62 (1981).
  20. T. Auguste, M. Bougeard, C. Caprin, P. D’Oliveira, and P. Monot, “Characterization of a high-density large scale pulsed gas jet for laser-gas interaction experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 2349–2354 (1999).
  21. O. F. Hagena, “Cluster beams from nozzle sources,” in Molecular Beams and Low Density Gas Dynamics, P. P. Wegener, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1974), pp. 93–167.
  22. T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3379–3402 (1996).
  23. O. F. Hagena and W. Obert, “Cluster formation in expanding supersonic jets: Effect of pressure, temperature, nozzle size, and test gas,” J. Chem. Phys. 56, 1793–1802 (1972).
  24. Ya. B. Zel’dovich and Yu. P. Raizer, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited