In a harmonically mode-locked laser multiple optical pulses propagate inside the laser cavity. The noise in different pulses inside the laser cavity is in general correlated. Information regarding the sign and magnitude of the noise correlations is contained in the distribution of the spectral weight among the supermode noise peaks that appear in the pulse energy and timing noise spectral densities. We show that the supermode noise spectrum obtained experimentally by measurement of the photodetector current noise spectral density can be used to determine the correlations in the energy and the timing noise of different pulses in the laser cavity. We also present simple models for the timing noise in harmonically mode-locked lasers that demonstrate the relationship between the noise correlations and the supermode noise peaks.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Farhan Rana, Harry L. T. Lee, Rajeev J. Ram, Matthew E. Grein, Leaf A. Jiang, Erich P. Ippen, and Hermann A. Haus, "Characterization of the noise and correlations in harmonically mode-locked lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2609-2621 (2002)