OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2002
  • pp: 2770–2780

Transmission characteristics of Sagnac interferometers based on fiber Bragg gratings

Xuewen Shu, Luzhi Yu, Donghui Zhao, Lin Zhang, Kate Sugden, and Ian Bennion  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 11, pp. 2770-2780 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.002770


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (294 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a comprehensive study of the transmission characteristics of all-fiber Sagnac interferometers (FSIs) based on fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). Analytic and numerical models have been developed for the design and characterization of FBG FSIs that incorporate gratings of arbitrary fringe structure. The transmission, phase, and time delay responses of several representative configurations that incorporate uniform-period and chirped gratings with and without apodization have been investigated theoretically and experimentally. Excellent agreement between the theoretical results and real device characteristics has been found in all cases. Our study clearly reveals that fiber grating-based FSIs offer potentially significant practical advantages not only for conversion of the reflective response of the grating into a transmissive response without loss but also by providing near-zero dispersion in the transmission bands, which offers attractive prospects for filtering components in high-speed wavelength-division multiplexing transmission systems.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications

Citation
Xuewen Shu, Luzhi Yu, Donghui Zhao, Lin Zhang, Kate Sugden, and Ian Bennion, "Transmission characteristics of Sagnac interferometers based on fiber Bragg gratings," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2770-2780 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-11-2770


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in an optical fiber waveguide: application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647–649 (1978).
  2. K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1263–1276 (1997).
  3. I. Bennion, J. A. R. Williams, L. Zhang, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, “UV-written in-fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 93–135 (1994).
  4. W. W. Morey, T. J. Bailey, and W. H. Glenn, “Fiber Fabry–Perot interferometer using side exposed fiber Bragg gratings,” in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 5 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), paper WA2, pp. 96–97.
  5. S. Legoubin, M. Douay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, S. Boj, and E. Delevaque, “Free spectral range variations of grating-based Fabry–Perot filters photowritten in optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1687–1694 (1996).
  6. G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, and S. B. Poole, “Wide-band Fabry–Perot-like filters in optical fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995).
  7. K. P. Koo, M. LeBlanc, T. E. Tsai, and S. T. Vohra, “Fiber-chirped grating Fabry–Perot sensor with multiple-wavelength addressable free-spectral range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1006–1008 (1998).
  8. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, and J. Albert, “An all-fiber dense-wavelength-division multiplexer/demultiplexer using photoimprinted Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 388–390 (1995).
  9. F. Bilodeau, K. O. Hill, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, “High-return loss narrowband all-fiber bandpass Bragg transmission filter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 80–82 (1994).
  10. R. Kashyap, “A new class of fiber grating based band-pass filters: the asymmetric interferometer,” Opt. Commun. 153, 14–18 (1998).
  11. B. Ortega, J. Capmany, D. Pastor, L. Tallone, and L. Boschis, “Analysis of the backreflected signal in an all-fiber bandpass Bragg transmission filter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1124–1126 (1998).
  12. K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, and S. Faucher, “Narrow-bandwidth optical waveguide transmission filters,” Electron. Lett. 23, 465–466 (1987).
  13. X. Shu, S. Jiang, and D. Huang, “Fiber grating Sagnac loop and its multiwavelength-laser application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 980–982 (2000).
  14. R. H. Qu, H. Zhao, Z. J. Fang, E. Marin, and J. P. Meunier, “Configurable wavelength-selective switch based on fiber grating and fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 1343–1345 (2000).
  15. I. Golub and A. K. Atieh, “Tunable narrow-band filters using chirped fiber Bragg gratings placed in a loop mirror configuration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WY1.
  16. M. Yamada and K. Sakuda, “Analysis of almost-periodic distributed feedback slab waveguides via a fundamental matrix approach,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3474–3478 (1987).
  17. T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277–1294 (1997).
  18. J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, K. Sugden, and N. J. Doran, “Fibre dispersion compensation using a chirped in-fibre Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 30, 985–987 (1994).
  19. B. J. Eggleton, K. A. Ahmed, F. Ouellette, P. A. Krug, and H. F. Liu, “Recompression of pulses broadened by transmission through 10 km of non-dispersion-shift fiber at 1.55 um using 40-mm-long optical fiber Bragg gratings with tunablechirp and central wavelength,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 494–496 (1995).
  20. B. Malo, S. Theriault, D. C. Johnson, F. Bilodeau, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, “Apodised in-fiber Bragg grating reflectors photoimprinted using a phase mask,” Electron. Lett. 31, 223–225 (1995).
  21. B. J. Eggleton, G. Lenz, N. Litchiniser, D. B. Patterson, and R. E. Slusher, “Implications of fiber grating dispersion for WDM communication systems,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1403–1405 (1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited