OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 12 — Dec. 2, 2002
  • pp: 2911–2920

Infrared-to-visible upconversion in K5Nd(MoO4)4 stoichiometric laser crystal

Ignacio Iparraguirre, Rolindes Balda, Mihail Voda, Mohamed Al-Saleh, and Joaquin Fernandez  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 12, pp. 2911-2920 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.002911


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (317 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report the upconversion processes that produce violet, blue, green, orange, and red emissions in K5Nd(MoO4)4 stoichiometric crystal together with the dynamics and spectral properties of the laser emission. The influence of upconversion energy-transfer processes on the energy storage capacity through the reduction of fluorescence lifetimes of the metastable 4F3/2 level is investigated. The experiments were conducted in such a way that the dynamics of the infrared and visible fluorescence was performed under lasing and nonlasing conditions. The dynamics of the upconverted emission shows that both energy-transfer upconversion and excited-state absorption of the laser emission occur. A brief analysis about the polarization properties of the laser emission is presented.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(170.6280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion

Citation
Ignacio Iparraguirre, Rolindes Balda, Mihail Voda, Mohamed Al-Saleh, and Joaquin Fernandez, "Infrared-to-visible upconversion in K5Nd(MoO4)4 stoichiometric laser crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2911-2920 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-12-2911


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. A. A. Kaminskii, S. E. Sarkisov, J. Bohm, P. Reiche, D. Schultze, and R. Uecker, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of crystals in the K5Bi1−xNdx(MoO4)4 system,” Phys. Status Solidi A 43, 71–79 (1977).
  2. P. W. Klevtsov, L. P. Kozeeva, V. I. Protasova, L. Yu. Kharchenko, L. A. Glinskaya, R. F. Klevtsova, and V. V. Bakakin, “Synthesis of crystals and x-ray diffraction investigation of double molybdates K5Ln(MoO4)4, Ln=La-Tb,” Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 20, 31–33 (1975).
  3. B. I. Lazoryak and V. A. Efremov, “Structure of palmierite-like K5Nd(MoO4)4, K5Bi(MoO4)4, and Rb5Gd(MoO4)4,” Sov. Phys. Crystallogr. 31, 138–142 (1986).
  4. W. Lenth, H.-D. Hattendorff, G. Huber, and F. Lutz, “Quasi-cw laser action in K5Nd(MoO4)4,” Appl. Phys. 17, 367–370 (1978).
  5. Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
  6. T. Chuang and H. R. Verdún, “Energy-transfer up-conversion and excited state absorption of laser radiation in Nd:YLF crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 79–91 (1996).
  7. J. H. Schloss, L. L. Chase, and L. K. Smith, “Dynamics of laser-pumped Nd3+ laser media at high excitation energy,” J. Lumin. 48&49, 857–862 (1991).
  8. J. D. Zuegel and W. Seka, “Upconversion and reduced 4F3/2 upper-state lifetime in intensely pumped Nd:YLF,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2714–2723 (1999).
  9. E. J. Baran, M. B. Vasallo, C. Cascales, and P. Porcher, “Vibrational spectra of double molybdates and tungstates of the type Na2Ln(XO4)4,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 54, 1005–1008 (1993).
  10. M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Güdel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3337–3346 (2000).
  11. F. E. Auzel, “Materials and devices using double-pumped phosphors with energy transfer,” Proc. IEEE 61, 758–786 (1973).
  12. J. C. Wright, “Up-conversion and excited state energy transfer in rare earth doped materials,” in Radiationless Processes in Molecules and Condensed Phases, F. K. Fong, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 1976), pp. 239–295.
  13. O. S. Wenger, D. R. Gamelin, H. U. Güdel, A. V. Butashin, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Site-selective yellow to violet and near-infrared to green upconversion in BaLu2F8:Nd3+,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 16530–16537 (2000).
  14. T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Two-step excitation and blue fluorescence under continuous-wave pumping in Nd:YLF,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1519–1525 (1986).
  15. B. R. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, “Energy up-conversion in LaF3:Nd3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845–5850 (1983).
  16. G. E. Venikouas, G. J. Quarles, J. P. King, and R. C. Powell, “Spectroscopy of Y3Al5O12:Nd3+ under high-power, picosecond-pulsed excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 30, 2401–2410 (1984).
  17. S. A. Payne, G. D. Wilke, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “Auger upconversion losses in Nd-doped laser glasses,” Opt. Commun. 111, 263–268 (1994).
  18. S. Guy, C. L. Bonner, D. P. Shepherd, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, and B. Ferrand, “High-inversion densities in Nd:YAG: upconversion and bleaching,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 900–909 (1998).
  19. D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Different mechanisms of nonlinear quenching of luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881–8886 (1997).
  20. M. Voda, I. Iparraguirre, J. Fernández, R. Balda, M. Al-Saleh, A. Mendioroz, G. Lobera, M. Cano, M. Sanz, and J. Azkargorta, “Laser properties of Nd3+ in K5Nd(MoO4)4 stoichiometric disordered crystal,” Opt. Mater. 16, 227–231 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited