The third- and fifth-order optical nonlinear properties of a new stilbazolium derivative, trans-1-[p-(p-dimethylaminobenzyl-azo)-benzyl]-2-(N-methyl-4-pyridinium)-ethene iodide (DABAZO-PEI), were investigated with a Q-switched and mode-locked pulse laser with a duration of 35 ps at 1064 nm. Its linear optical properties were also discussed. DABAZO-PEI exhibits two-photon absorption and strong excited-state absorption induced by two-photon absorption. A positive third-order nonlinear refraction caused by bound electrons and negative excited-state refraction caused by the two-photon absorption-generated excited states were also observed. The magnitude and the sign of the real (refractive) and the imaginary (two-photon absorption) parts of the molecular third-order polarizability, and the excited-state absorption and refraction cross sections, were measured. A feature worth noting is the values of excited-state absorption and refraction cross sections. They are all as high as 10−17 cm2. Based on the excited-state absorption induced by the two-photon-absorption mechanism, a highly efficient optical-limiting behavior for incident fluence in the range of 0–10 J/cm2 was demonstrated in a 1-cm-path quartz cell containing DABAZO-PEI solution in dimethyl sulfoxide. The optical-limiting threshold was estimated to be as low as 5 mJ/cm2.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
Chuanlang Zhan, Deqing Zhang, Daoben Zhu, Duoyuan Wang, Yunjing Li, Dehua Li, Zhenzhong Lu, Lizeng Zhao, and Yuxin Nie, "Third- and fifth-order optical nonlinearities in a new stilbazolium derivative," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 369-375 (2002)