OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2002
  • pp: 895–901

Nonlinear prism coupling of waveguides of the conjugated polymer MEH-PPV and their figures of merit for all-optical switching

Kaloian Koynov, Nicolai Goutev, Fitri Fitrilawati, Ayi Bahtiar, Andreas Best, Christoph Bubeck, and Hans-Heinrich Hörhold  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 4, pp. 895-901 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.000895


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (216 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We used intensity-dependent prism coupling of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV) waveguides to measure the nonlinear absorption coefficients and nonlinear refractive indices of these waveguides in the range 700–1200 nm. The material’s strong nonlinearity combined with low linear waveguide losses (<1 dB/cm) led to promising figures of merit and have made it attractive for use in all-optical switching applications at wavelengths of >1150 nm.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials

Citation
Kaloian Koynov, Nicolai Goutev, Fitri Fitrilawati, Ayi Bahtiar, Andreas Best, Christoph Bubeck, and Hans-Heinrich Hörhold, "Nonlinear prism coupling of waveguides of the conjugated polymer MEH-PPV and their figures of merit for all-optical switching," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 895-901 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-4-895


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. I. Stegeman and R. H. Stolen, “Waveguides and fibers for nonlinear optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 652–662 (1989). [CrossRef]
  2. G. I. Stegeman, “Material figures of merit and implications to all-optical waveguide switching,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Advanced Materials, S. Etemad, ed., Proc. SPIE 1852, 75–89 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. A. G. Astill, “Material figures of merit for nonlinear optics,” Thin Solid Films 204, 1–17 (1991). [CrossRef]
  4. J. L. Brédas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, and A. Persoons, “Third-order nonlinear optical response in organic materials: theoretical and experimental aspects,” Chem. Rev. 94, 243–278 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Messier, F. Kajzar, P. N. Prasad, and D. Ulrich, eds., Nonlinear Optical Effects in Organic Polymers (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1989).
  6. F. Kajzar and J. D. Swalen, eds., Organic Thin Films for Waveguiding Nonlinear Optics (Gordon & Breach, Amsterdam, 1996).
  7. C. Bubeck, A. Kaltbeitzel, R. W. Lenz, D. Neher, J. D.Stenger-Smith, and G. Wegner, “Nonlinear optical properties of poly(p-phenylenvinylene) thin films,” in Nonlinear Optical Effects in Organic Polymers, J. Messier, F. Kajzar, P. N. Prasad, and D. Ulrich, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1989), pp. 143–147.
  8. A. Mathy, K. Ueberhofen, R. Schenk, H. Gregorius, R. Garay, K. Müllen, and C. Bubeck, “Third-harmonic-generation spectroscopy of poly(p-phenylenevinylene): a comparison with oligomers and scaling laws for conjugated polymers,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 4367–4376 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Bubeck, K. Ueberhofen, J. Ziegler, F. Fitrilawati, U. Baier, H. Eichner, C. Former, K. Müllen, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Waveguides of conjugated polymers with large cubic nonlinearities,” Nonlinear Opt. 25, 93–104 (2000).
  10. U. Bartuch, A. Bräuer, P. Dannberg, H.-H. Hörhold, and D. Raabe, “Measurement of high nonresonant third-order nonlinearity in MP-PPV waveguides,” Int. J. Optoelectron. 7, 275–279 (1992).
  11. F. Michelotti, T. Gabler, H.-H. Hörhold, R. Waldhausl, and A. Bräuer, “Prism coupling in DMOP-PPV optical waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 114, 247–254 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. Th. Gabler, R. Waldhäusl, A. Bräuer, U. Bartuch, R. Stockmann, and H.-H. Hörhold, “Nonresonant n2 and two-photon-absorption dispersion measurements of DPOP-PPV and DP-PPV/DP-DFP polymer strip waveguides,” Opt. Commun. 137, 31–36 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. Th. Gabler, A. Bräuer, R. Waldhäusl, U. Bartuch, H.-H. Hörhold, and F. Michelotti, “Nonresonant n2 and TPA coefficient measurement in polymer waveguides by different measurement techniques,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 159–168 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. S. J. Martin, D. D. C. Bradley, P. A. Lane, H. Mellor, and P. L. Burn, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the conjugated polymers PPV and MEH-PPV,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 15133–15142 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Pfeiffer and H.-H. Hörhold, “Investigation of poly(arylene vinylene)s, 41–synthesis of soluble dialkoxy-substituted poly(phenylene alkenylidene)s by applying the Horner-reaction for condensation polymerization,” Macromol. Chem. Phys. 200, 1870–1878 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. F. Fitrilawati, M. O. Tjia, S. Pfeiffer, H. Tillmann, H.-H. Hörhold, A. Deutesfeld, H. Eichner, and C. Bubeck, “Planar waveguides of PPV derivatives: attenuation loss, third-harmonic generation and photostability,” submitted to Opt. Mater.
  17. P. K. Tien and R. Ulrich, “Theory of prism–film coupler and thin-film light guides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1325–1337 (1970). [CrossRef]
  18. R. Ulrich, “Theory of the prism–film coupler by plane-wave analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1337–1350 (1970). [CrossRef]
  19. R. Ulrich and R. Torge, “Measurement of thin film param-eters with a prism coupler,” Appl. Opt. 12, 2901–2908 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Liao and G. I. Stegeman, “Nonlinear prism coupler,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 164–166 (1984). [CrossRef]
  21. G. Assanto, R. M. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, “Theory of pulsed excitation of nonlinear distributed prism couplers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 432–442 (1988). [CrossRef]
  22. R. Burzynski, B. P. Singh, P. N. Prasad, R. Zanoni, and G. I. Stegeman, “Nonlinear optical processes in a polymer waveguide: grating coupler measurements of electronic and thermal nonlinearities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2011–2013 (1988). [CrossRef]
  23. G. I. Stegeman, G. Assanto, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, E. Garmire, A. A. Maradudin, R. Reinisch, and G. Vitrant, “Bistability and switching in nonlinear prism coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 869–871 (1988). [CrossRef]
  24. F. Pardo, H. Chellil, A. Koster, N. Paraire, and S. Laval, “Experimental and theoretical study of ultrafast switching using guided mode excitation in silicon on sapphire,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 545–549 (1987). [CrossRef]
  25. K. Ueberhofen, A. Deutesfeld, K. Koynov, and C. Bubeck, “Nonlinear optical waveguide spectroscopy of a conjugated polymer: poly(p-phenylenevinylene),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1921–1935 (1999). [CrossRef]
  26. G. M. Carter and Y. J. Chen, “Nonlinear optical coupling between radiation and confined modes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 643–645 (1983). [CrossRef]
  27. A. Mathy, H. U. Simmrock, and C. Bubeck, “Optical waveguiding in thin films of polyelectrolytes,” J. Phys. D 24, 1003–1008 (1991). [CrossRef]
  28. R. Meyer, R. Benner, Z. Vardeny, M. Liess, M. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, Y. Ding, and T. Barton, “Two photon absorption spectra of luminescent conducting polymers,” Synth. Met. 84, 549–550 (1997). [CrossRef]
  29. C. Bubeck, A. Kaltbeitzel, A. Grund, and M. LeClerc, “Resonant degenerate four wave mixing and scaling laws for saturable absorption in thin films of conjugated polymers and Rhodamine 6G,” Chem. Phys. 154, 343–348 (1991). [CrossRef]
  30. Z. G. Soos, S. Etemad, D. S. Galvao, and S. Ramasesha, “Fluorescence and topological gap of conjugated phenylene polymers,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 194, 341–346 (1992). [CrossRef]
  31. D. D. C. Bradley, “Precursor-route poly(p-phenylenevinylene): polymer characterization and control of electronic properties,” J. Phys. D 20, 1389–1410 (1987). [CrossRef]
  32. J. D. Stenger-Smith, R. W. Lenz, and G. Wegner, “Spectroscopic and cyclic voltammetric studies of poly(p-phenylene vinylene) prepared from two different sulphonium salt precursor polymers,” Polymer 30, 1048–1053 (1989). [CrossRef]
  33. M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, Z. Bao, L. Yu, B. Hsieh, and U. Scherf, “Femtosecond Z-scan and degenerate four-wave mixing measurements of real and imaginary parts of the third-order nonlinearity of soluble conjugated polymers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 817–825 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited