OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 19, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2002
  • pp: 911–919

Coherent and incoherent solitons of self-induced transparency in dense, resonant media

A. A. Afanas’ev, R. A. Vlasov, O. K. Khasanov, T. V. Smirnova, and O. M. Fedotova  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 4, pp. 911-919 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (211 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The spatiotemporal dynamics of a light pulse injected into a dense, resonant medium under near-dipole–dipole interaction conditions is considered. Two regimes for soliton formation are investigated numerically and analytically. The first one occurs if the pulses are much shorter than both relaxation times. In the second, the pulse duration falls between those of the relaxation times and may be regarded as an incoherent one. In the latter case there are conditions in which the dephasing process is suppressed by dipole–dipole interatomic interaction. Not only are one-soliton solutions found but also a powerful pulse splitting into separate solitons is revealed. The regions in which solitons are found have been estimated. The possibility of finding incoherent solitons has been analyzed, with group-velocity dispersion and diffraction of tilted pulses, which are shown to make soliton formation easier, taken into account.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects

A. A. Afanas’ev, R. A. Vlasov, O. K. Khasanov, T. V. Smirnova, and O. M. Fedotova, "Coherent and incoherent solitons of self-induced transparency in dense, resonant media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 911-919 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. L. McCall and E. L. Hahn, “Pulse-area–pulse-energy description of a traveling-wave laser amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 861–870 (1970). [CrossRef]
  2. C. M. Bowden and J. P. Dowling, “Near dipole–dipole effects in dense media: generalized Maxwell–Bloch equations,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1247–1251 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Ben-Aryeh, C. M. Bowden, and J. C. Englund, “Intrinsic optical bistability in collections of spatially distributed two-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 3917–3926 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. P. Hehlen, H. U. Gudel, Q. Shu, J. Rai, S. Rai, and S. C. Rand, “Cooperative bistability in dense, excited atomic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1103–1106 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. A. Afanas’ev, R. A. Vlasov, and A. G. Cherstvyi, “Optical solitons in dense resonant media,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 90, 428–433 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. Zh. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. Segev, T. H. Coskun, and D. H. Christodoulides, “Self-trapping of dark incoherent light beams,” Science 280, 889–892 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Mitchell, Zh. Chen, M. Shih, and M. Segev, “Self-trapping of partially spatially incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 490–493 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Segev and D. N. Christodoulides, “Incoherent solitons: self-trapping of weakly-correlated wave-packets,” in Optical Spatial Solitons, S. Trillo and W. Torruellas, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).
  9. C. M. Bowden, A. Postan, and R. Inguva, “Invariant pulse propagation and self-phase modulation in dense media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1081–1084 (1991). [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Agranovich and V. I. Rupasov, “Self-induced transparency in a medium with space dispersion,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 18, 801–807 (1976).
  11. L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1975).
  12. J. H. Eberly, “Area theorem rederived,” Opt. Express 2, 173–176 (1998), http://www.opticsexpress.org. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. S. Gradstein and I. M. Reazhik, Tablitsy Integralov, Summ, Ryadov i Proizvedenii (Nauka, Moscow, 1971).
  14. V. D. Gora, “Soliton light propagation under conditions of adiabatic following under a single-photon resonance,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 763–766 (1990).
  15. R. A. Vlasov, “Tilted femtosecond solitons in cubic media,” Phys. Lett. 211, 82–86 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited