OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2002
  • pp: 1055–1066

Intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers

L. Stépien, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 5, pp. 1055-1066 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.001055


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (312 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The intensity noise properties of Brillouin fiber ring lasers are investigated both theoretically and experimentally. The fluctuating parameters that have the dominant influence on laser intensity noise are the pump rate and the cavity reinjection rate. The transfer functions that relate the laser intensity noise to the fluctuations of these parameters are determined in a theoretical study that is performed within the framework of the usual three-wave model of stimulated Brillouin scattering. The theoretical predictions are confirmed by experiments performed in a Brillouin fiber ring laser operating in a low-finesse cavity. Finally, the ability of all-fiber Brillouin lasers to reduce intensity noise of pump sources is discussed.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3560) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, ring
(290.5900) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Brillouin

Citation
L. Stépien, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, "Intensity noise in Brillouin fiber ring lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1055-1066 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-5-1055


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. F. Marin, A. Bramati, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, “Demonstration of high sensitivity spectroscopy with squeezed semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 140, 146–157 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. H. P. Huen, “Generation, detection, and application of high-intensity photon number eigenstate fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 2176–2179 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and Y. Itaya, “Observation of amplitude squeezing in a constant-current-driven semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1000–1003 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. A. Ball, G. Hull-Allen, C. Holton, and W. W. Morey, “Low noise single frequency linear fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1623–1625 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and D. N. Payne, “Stable single-frequency traveling-wave fiber loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter,” Opt. Lett. 20, 875–877 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Sanders, J. W. Dawson, N. Park, and K. J. Vahala, “Measurements of the intensity noise of a broadly tunable, erbium-doped fiber ring laser, relative to the standard quantum limit,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2583–2585 (1992). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Zarinetchi, S. P. Smith, and S. Ezekiel, “Stimulated Brillouin fiber-optic gyroscope,” Opt. Lett. 16, 229–231 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P.-A. Nicati, K. Toyama, S. Huang, and H. J. Shaw, “Temperature effects in a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 2123–2125 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Linewidth narrowing in Brillouin lasers: theoretical analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 023803–1–023803–4 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, “Experimental and theoretical study of linewidth narrowing in Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 556–567 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. J. A. Armstrong and A. W. Smith, “Intensity fluctuations in a GaAs laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 68–70 (1965). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, “Amplitude squezing in a pump-noise-suppressed laser oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025–4042 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Becher and K. J. Boller, “Low-intensity-noise operation of Nd:YVO4 microchip lasers by pump noise suppression,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 286–295 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, “Injection-noise properties of injection-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370–4382 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. B. C. Buchler, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, and T. C. Ralph, “Feedback control of laser intensity noise,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 1286–1294 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Bramati, J.-P. Hermier, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, “Feedback control and nonlinear intensity noise of Nd:YVO4 microchip lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 043806–1–043806–12 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. W. Muys, J. C. van der Plaats, F. W. Willems, H. J. van Dijk, J. S. Leong, and A. M. J. Koonen, “A 50-channel externally modulated AM-VSB video distribution system with three cascaded EDFA’s providing 50-dB power budget over 30 km of standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 691–693 (1995). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. De Geronimo, “Theoretical and experimental analysis of intensity noise of a codoped erbium-ytterbium glass laser,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 19–26 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. D.-H. Lee, M. E. Klein, and K.-J. Boller, “Intensity noise of pump-enhanced continuous wave optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. B 66, 747–753 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992).
  21. A. L. Gaeta and R. W. Boyd, “Stochastic dynamics of stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 3205–3209 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. C. Montes, A. Mamhoud, and E. Picholle, “Bifurcation in a cw-pumped Brillouin fiber-ring laser: coherent soliton morphogenesis,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 1344–1349 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. C. Montes, D. Bahloul, I. Bongrand, J. Botineau, G. Cheval, A. Mamhoud, E. Picholle, and A. Picozzi, “Self-pulsing and dynamic bistability in cw-pumped Brillouin fiber ring lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 932–951 (1999). [CrossRef]
  24. S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical analysis of Brillouin fiber lasers: an experimental approach,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R4345–R4348 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, B. Ségard, and J. Zemmouri, “Dynamical behavior of a Brillouin fiber ring laser emitting two Stokes components,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2327–2334 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. R. Ponikvar and S. Ezekiel, “Stabilized single frequency stimulated Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 6, 398–400 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. R. W. Boyd, K. Rzażewski, and P. Narum, “Noise initiation of stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 5514–5521 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. K. Petermann, Laser Diode Modulation and Noise (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1991).
  29. W. Lu, A. Johnstone, and R. G. Harrison, “Deterministic dynamics of stimulated scattering phenomena with external feedback,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 4114–4122 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. S. Randoux, V. Lecoeuche, and J. Zemmouri, “Polarization instabilities and antiphase dynamics in a Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. A 56, R1717–R1720 (1997). [CrossRef]
  31. A. Papoulis, Signal Analysis (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1984).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited