Entangled photons, generated by spontaneous parametric downconversion from a second-order nonlinear crystal, present a rich potential for imaging and image-processing applications. Since this source is an example of a three-wave mixing process, there is more flexibility in the choices of illumination and detection wavelengths and in the placement of object(s) to be imaged. Moreover, this source is entangled, a fact that allows for imaging configurations and capabilities that cannot be achieved by use of classical sources of light. We examine a number of imaging and image-processing configurations that can be realized with this source. The formalism that we utilize facilitates the determination of the dependence of imaging resolution on the physical parameters of the optical arrangement.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
(070.0070) Fourier optics and signal processing : Fourier optics and signal processing
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
Ayman F. Abouraddy, Bahaa E. A. Saleh, Alexander V. Sergienko, and Malvin C. Teich, "Entangled-photon Fourier optics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1174-1184 (2002)