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Engineering of a dual-periodic optical superlattice used in a coupled optical parametric interaction
Zhao-Wei Liu, Yan Du, Jun Liao, Shi-Ning Zhu, Yong-Yuan Zhu, Yi-Qiang Qin, Hui-Tian Wang, Jing-Liang He, Chao Zhang, and Nai-Ben Ming »View Author Affiliations
Zhao-Wei Liu, Yan Du, Jun Liao, Shi-Ning Zhu, Yong-Yuan Zhu, Yi-Qiang Qin, Hui-Tian Wang, Jing-Liang He, Chao Zhang, Nai-Ben Ming
National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp. 1676-1684 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.001676
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Abstract
Quasi-phase matching facilitates the phase matching of any parametric interaction by setting an appropriately modulated period. We propose a dual-periodic structure that is used in the construction of a frequency-conversion device. For example, we have designed and fabricated such a dual-periodic structure in a LiTaO_{3} crystal. Using a fundamental source at 1.064 μm, we obtained ultraviolet radiation at 355 nm and green radiation at 532 nm simultaneously by frequency tripling and frequency doubling the fundamental source. Theoretically, this idea can be further extended to the design of a multiperiodic structure for achievement of more quasi-phase-matched processes in a single optical superlattice.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
OCIS Codes
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(220.4000) Optical design and fabrication : Microstructure fabrication
Citation
Zhao-Wei Liu, Yan Du, Jun Liao, Shi-Ning Zhu, Yong-Yuan Zhu, Yi-Qiang Qin, Hui-Tian Wang, Jing-Liang He, Chao Zhang, and Nai-Ben Ming, "Engineering of a dual-periodic optical superlattice used in a coupled optical parametric interaction," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1676-1684 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-7-1676
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References
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- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
Arie, A.
- K. F. Kashi and A. Arie, “Multiple-wavelength quasi-phase-matched nonlinear interactions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1649–1655 (1999).
- J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
- C. B. Clausen, Y. S. Kivshar, O. Bang, and P. L. Christiansen, “Quasiperiodic envelope solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4740–4743 (1999).
- C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Woll, R. Wallenstein, V. Y. Shur, and L. Erman, “Continuous-wave quasi-phase-matched generation of 60 mW at 465 nm by single-pass frequency doubling of a laser diode in backswitch-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1293–1295 (1999).
- J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
- O. Pfister, J. S. Wells, L. Hollberg, L. Zink, D. A. Van Baak, M. D. Levenson, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Continuous-wave frequency tripling and quadrupling by simultaneous three-wave mixings in periodically poled crystals: application to a two-step 1.19–10.71-μm frequency bridge,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1211–1213 (1997).
- L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO_{3},” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Woll, R. Wallenstein, V. Y. Shur, and L. Erman, “Continuous-wave quasi-phase-matched generation of 60 mW at 465 nm by single-pass frequency doubling of a laser diode in backswitch-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1293–1295 (1999).
- L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO_{3},” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
- Y. B. Chen, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. N. Zhu, H. T. Wang, and N. B. Ming, “Optical harmonic generation in a quasi-phase-matched three-component Fibonacci superlattice LiTaO_{3},” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 577–579 (2001).
- C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. X. Yang, Y. Q. Qin, S. N. Zhu, Y. B. Chen, H. Liu, and N. B. Ming, “Crucial effects of coupling coefficients on quasi-phase-matched harmonic genera-tion in an optical superlattice,” Opt. Lett. 25, 436–439 (2000).
- C. B. Clausen, Y. S. Kivshar, O. Bang, and P. L. Christiansen, “Quasiperiodic envelope solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4740–4743 (1999).
- C. B. Clausen, Y. S. Kivshar, O. Bang, and P. L. Christiansen, “Quasiperiodic envelope solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4740–4743 (1999).
- C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
- B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, Y. Zhang, and G. Z. Yang, “Enhanced harmonic generation in aperiodic optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2175–2177 (1999).
- J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
Erman, L.
Eyres, L. A.
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Woll, R. Wallenstein, V. Y. Shur, and L. Erman, “Continuous-wave quasi-phase-matched generation of 60 mW at 465 nm by single-pass frequency doubling of a laser diode in backswitch-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1293–1295 (1999).
- M. A. Arbore, O. Marco, and M. M. Fejer, “Pulse compression during second-harmonic generation in aperiodic quasi-phase-matching gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22, 865–867 (1997).
- L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO_{3},” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
- P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, “Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 23–39 (1963).
- M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Periodically domain-inverted LiNbO_{3} for waveguide quasi-phase matched nonlinear optic wavelength conversion devices,” Mater. Sci. B 22, 413–420 (1999).
- M. Fujimura, A. Shiratsuki, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Wavelength conversion in LiNbO_{3} waveguide difference-frequency generation devices with domain-inverted gratings fabricated by voltage application,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L659–L662 (1998).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “Realization of second harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice of LiTaO_{3},” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752–2755 (1997).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
- B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, Y. Zhang, and G. Z. Yang, “Enhanced harmonic generation in aperiodic optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2175–2177 (1999).
Hong, J. F.
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, X. S. Jiang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Characterization of harmonic generation in an intergrowth optical superlattice,” J. Phys. D 31, 2502–2506 (1998).
- K. F. Kashi and A. Arie, “Multiple-wavelength quasi-phase-matched nonlinear interactions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1649–1655 (1999).
- C. B. Clausen, Y. S. Kivshar, O. Bang, and P. L. Christiansen, “Quasiperiodic envelope solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4740–4743 (1999).
- C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
Levenson, M. D.
Liu, H.
Liu, X. J.
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Second-harmonic generation in a Thue–Morse optical superlattice,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 426–428 (1998).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, X. S. Jiang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Characterization of harmonic generation in an intergrowth optical superlattice,” J. Phys. D 31, 2502–2506 (1998).
Ming, N. B.
- C. Zhang, H. Wei, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Third-harmonic generation in a general two-component quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Opt. Lett. 26, 899–901 (2001).
- Y. B. Chen, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. N. Zhu, H. T. Wang, and N. B. Ming, “Optical harmonic generation in a quasi-phase-matched three-component Fibonacci superlattice LiTaO_{3},” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 577–579 (2001).
- C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. X. Yang, Y. Q. Qin, S. N. Zhu, Y. B. Chen, H. Liu, and N. B. Ming, “Crucial effects of coupling coefficients on quasi-phase-matched harmonic genera-tion in an optical superlattice,” Opt. Lett. 25, 436–439 (2000).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Second-harmonic generation in a Thue–Morse optical superlattice,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 426–428 (1998).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, X. S. Jiang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Characterization of harmonic generation in an intergrowth optical superlattice,” J. Phys. D 31, 2502–2506 (1998).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278, 843–846 (1997).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “Realization of second harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice of LiTaO_{3},” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752–2755 (1997).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
Myers, L. E.
Nada, N.
- M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasiphased matched LiNbO_{3} waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435–436 (1993).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Periodically domain-inverted LiNbO_{3} for waveguide quasi-phase matched nonlinear optic wavelength conversion devices,” Mater. Sci. B 22, 413–420 (1999).
- M. Fujimura, A. Shiratsuki, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Wavelength conversion in LiNbO_{3} waveguide difference-frequency generation devices with domain-inverted gratings fabricated by voltage application,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L659–L662 (1998).
- J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
Pierce, J. W.
Qin, Y. Q.
- C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. X. Yang, Y. Q. Qin, S. N. Zhu, Y. B. Chen, H. Liu, and N. B. Ming, “Crucial effects of coupling coefficients on quasi-phase-matched harmonic genera-tion in an optical superlattice,” Opt. Lett. 25, 436–439 (2000).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “Realization of second harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice of LiTaO_{3},” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752–2755 (1997).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasiphased matched LiNbO_{3} waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435–436 (1993).
- M. Fujimura, A. Shiratsuki, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Wavelength conversion in LiNbO_{3} waveguide difference-frequency generation devices with domain-inverted gratings fabricated by voltage application,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L659–L662 (1998).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- R. G. Batchko, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Woll, R. Wallenstein, V. Y. Shur, and L. Erman, “Continuous-wave quasi-phase-matched generation of 60 mW at 465 nm by single-pass frequency doubling of a laser diode in backswitch-poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1293–1295 (1999).
- M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Periodically domain-inverted LiNbO_{3} for waveguide quasi-phase matched nonlinear optic wavelength conversion devices,” Mater. Sci. B 22, 413–420 (1999).
- M. Fujimura, A. Shiratsuki, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Wavelength conversion in LiNbO_{3} waveguide difference-frequency generation devices with domain-inverted gratings fabricated by voltage application,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L659–L662 (1998).
Wallenstein, R.
Wang, H. F.
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “Realization of second harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice of LiTaO_{3},” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752–2755 (1997).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
- Y. B. Chen, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. N. Zhu, H. T. Wang, and N. B. Ming, “Optical harmonic generation in a quasi-phase-matched three-component Fibonacci superlattice LiTaO_{3},” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 577–579 (2001).
- C. Zhang, H. Wei, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Third-harmonic generation in a general two-component quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Opt. Lett. 26, 899–901 (2001).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Second-harmonic generation in a Thue–Morse optical superlattice,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 426–428 (1998).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, X. S. Jiang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Characterization of harmonic generation in an intergrowth optical superlattice,” J. Phys. D 31, 2502–2506 (1998).
- P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, “Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 23–39 (1963).
- M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasiphased matched LiNbO_{3} waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435–436 (1993).
Wells, J. S.
Woll, D.
Wu, J.
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, X. S. Jiang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Characterization of harmonic generation in an intergrowth optical superlattice,” J. Phys. D 31, 2502–2506 (1998).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Second-harmonic generation in a Thue–Morse optical superlattice,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 426–428 (1998).
- M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasiphased matched LiNbO_{3} waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435–436 (1993).
- B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, Y. Zhang, and G. Z. Yang, “Enhanced harmonic generation in aperiodic optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2175–2177 (1999).
Zhang, C.
- Y. B. Chen, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. N. Zhu, H. T. Wang, and N. B. Ming, “Optical harmonic generation in a quasi-phase-matched three-component Fibonacci superlattice LiTaO_{3},” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 577–579 (2001).
- C. Zhang, H. Wei, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Third-harmonic generation in a general two-component quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Opt. Lett. 26, 899–901 (2001).
- C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. X. Yang, Y. Q. Qin, S. N. Zhu, Y. B. Chen, H. Liu, and N. B. Ming, “Crucial effects of coupling coefficients on quasi-phase-matched harmonic genera-tion in an optical superlattice,” Opt. Lett. 25, 436–439 (2000).
- B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, Y. Zhang, and G. Z. Yang, “Enhanced harmonic generation in aperiodic optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2175–2177 (1999).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
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Appl. Phys. Lett.
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J. Appl. Phys.
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J. Phys. D
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Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.
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Mater. Sci. B
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Phys. Rev.
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Phys. Rev. Lett.
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Rev. Mod. Phys.
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Science
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2001, Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett.
- Y. B. Chen, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, S. N. Zhu, H. T. Wang, and N. B. Ming, “Optical harmonic generation in a quasi-phase-matched three-component Fibonacci superlattice LiTaO_{3},” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 577–579 (2001).
2000, Zhang, Opt. Lett.
2000, Shur, Appl. Phys. Lett.
- V. Y. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, E. V. Nikolaeva, E. I. Shishkin, D. V. Fursov, R. G. Batchko, L. A. Eyres, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Nanoscale backswitched domain patterning in lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 143–145 (2000).
- B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, Y. Zhang, and G. Z. Yang, “Enhanced harmonic generation in aperiodic optical superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2175–2177 (1999).
- C. B. Clausen, Y. S. Kivshar, O. Bang, and P. L. Christiansen, “Quasiperiodic envelope solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4740–4743 (1999).
- K. F. Kashi and A. Arie, “Multiple-wavelength quasi-phase-matched nonlinear interactions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1649–1655 (1999).
1999, Fujimura, Mater. Sci. B
- M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Periodically domain-inverted LiNbO_{3} for waveguide quasi-phase matched nonlinear optic wavelength conversion devices,” Mater. Sci. B 22, 413–420 (1999).
1998, Fujimura, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.
- M. Fujimura, A. Shiratsuki, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Wavelength conversion in LiNbO_{3} waveguide difference-frequency generation devices with domain-inverted gratings fabricated by voltage application,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, L659–L662 (1998).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Second-harmonic generation in a Thue–Morse optical superlattice,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 426–428 (1998).
- X. J. Liu, Z. L. Wang, X. S. Jiang, J. Wu, and N. B. Ming, “Characterization of harmonic generation in an intergrowth optical superlattice,” J. Phys. D 31, 2502–2506 (1998).
1997, Clausen, Phys. Rev. Lett.
- C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, “Quasi-phase-matched third-harmonic generation in a quasi-periodic optical superlattice,” Science 278, 843–846 (1997).
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “Realization of second harmonic generation in a Fibonacci optical superlattice of LiTaO_{3},” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752–2755 (1997).
1995, Zhu, J. Appl. Phys.
- S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Z. Y. Zhang, H. Shu, H. F. Wang, J. F. Hong, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, “LiTaO_{3} crystal periodically poled by applying an external pulsed field,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 5481–5483 (1995).
1993, Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett.
- M. Yamada, N. Nada, M. Saitoh, and K. Watanabe, “First-order quasiphased matched LiNbO_{3} waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435–436 (1993).
- P. A. Franken and J. F. Ward, “Optical harmonics and nonlinear phenomena,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 35, 23–39 (1963).
- J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
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