OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 19, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2002
  • pp: 1844–1848

Spectroscopic properties of lanthanide chelates in perfluorinated plastics for optical applications

Ken Kuriki, Susumu Nishihara, Yukihisa Nishizawa, Akihiro Tagaya, Yasuhiro Koike, and Yoshi Okamoto  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 8, pp. 1844-1848 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (198 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The absorption spectra of neodymium (Nd), praseodymium (Pr), erbium (Er), and thulium (Tm) ions in perfluorinated (PF) plastic solutions were measured, and the Judd–Ofelt parameters of the Er and Nd ions have been calculated. The radiative properties of the Nd and Er ions in PF plastic solutions were determined from the absorption measurements and the Judd–Ofelt theory. The fluorescence spectrum of Nd3+ in a PF plastic solution from 900 nm to 1350 nm was measured for the first time, to our knowledge. Furthermore, the PF plastic films containing lanthanide chelates were fabricated by spin coating, and the refractive indices of the films were measured.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.2140) Spectroscopy : Emission

Ken Kuriki, Susumu Nishihara, Yukihisa Nishizawa, Akihiro Tagaya, Yasuhiro Koike, and Yoshi Okamoto, "Spectroscopic properties of lanthanide chelates in perfluorinated plastics for optical applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1844-1848 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. C. J. Koester and E. Snitzer, “Amplification in a fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 3, 1182–1186 (1964).
  2. L. F. Johnson and K. Nassau, “Infrared and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in CaWO4,” Proc. IRE 49, 1704–1706 (1961).
  3. M. Brierley, S. Carter, P. France, and J. E. Pederson, “Amplification in the 1300 nm telecommunications window in an Nd-doped fluoride fibre,” Electron. Lett. 26, 329–330 (1990).
  4. W. J. Miniscalco, L. J. Andrews, A. Thompson, L. J. Quimby, L. B. Vacha, and M. G. Drexhage, “1.3 μm fluoride fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 24, 28–29 (1988).
  5. Y. Ohishi, T. Kanamori, T. Kitagawa, S. Takahashi, E. Snitzer, and G. H. Sigel, “Pr3+-doped fluoride fiber amplifier operating at 1.31 μm,” in Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 4 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 237–240.
  6. D. W. Hewak, J. A. Medeiros Neto, B. Samson, R. S. Brown, K. P. Jedrezejewski, J. Wang, E. Taylor, R. I. Kaming, G. Wylangowski, and D. N. Payne, “Quantum-efficiency of praseodymium doped Ga:La:S glass for 1.3 μm optical fibre amplifiers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 609–612 (1994).
  7. R. J. Mears, L. Reekie, I. M. Jauncy, and D. N. Payne, “Low-noise erbium-doped fibre amplifier operating at 1.54 mm,” Electron. Lett. 23, 1026–1028 (1987).
  8. T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, T. Sugawa, and Y. Miyajima, “1.47 μm band Tm3+ doped fluoride amplifier using a 1.064 μm upconversion pumping scheme,” Electron. Lett. 29, 110–112 (1993).
  9. T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, “Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer-based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178–184 (2000).
  10. Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Tchnol. 13, 1475–1489 (1995).
  11. A. Tagaya, T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High gain and high power organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: absorption and emission cross sections and gain characteristics,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 204–207 (1997).
  12. T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, T. Nakamoto, C. D. Claude, K. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and superfluorescence of rare-earth chelate-doped graded index polymer optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421–2423 (1997).
  13. G. Karve, B. Bihari, and R. T. Chen, “Demonstration of optical gain at 1.06 μm in a neodymium-doped polyimide waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1253–1255 (2000).
  14. Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, and P. Dai, “Amplified spontaneous emission of an Nd3+-doped poly(methylmethacrylate) optical fiber at ambient temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407–409 (1998).
  15. D. Oh, N. Song, and J. J. Kim, “Plastic optical amplifier using europium complex,” Proc. SPIE 4282, 1–8 (2001).
  16. C. Koeppen, S. Yamada, G. Jiang, A. F. Garito, and L. R. Dalton, “Rare-earth organic complexes for amplification in polymer optical fibers and waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 155–162 (1997).
  17. S. Lin, R. J. Feuerstein, and A. Mickelson, “A study of neodymium-chelate-doped optical polymer waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 2868–2874 (1996).
  18. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
  19. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
  20. Y. Hasegawa, K. Murakoshi, Y. Wada, S. Yanagida, J. Kim, N. Nakashima, and T. Yamanaka, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 248, 8–12 (1996).
  21. G. H. Dieke and H. M. Crosswhite, “The spectra of the doubly and triply ionized rare earths,” Appl. Opt. 2, 675–686 (1963).
  22. M. Iwamuro, Y. Hasegawa, Y. Wada, K. Murakoshi, N. Nakashima, T. Yamanaka, and S. Yanagawa, “Luminescence of Nd3+ complexes with some asymmetric ligands in organic solutions,” J. Lumin. 79, 29–38 (1998).
  23. C. K. Jørgensen and B. R. Judd, “Hypersensitive pseudoquadrupole transitions in lanthanides,” Molec. Phys. 8, 281–290 (1964).
  24. K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fiber containing Nd-chelate for optical amplification,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Proceedings, A. Mecozzi, M. Shimizu, and J. Zyskind, eds., Vol. 44 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C. 2000), pp. 67–71.
  25. R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Agarwal, and R. C. Ginther, “Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1031–1038 (1991).
  26. M. D. Shinn, W. A. Sibley, M. G. Drexhage, and R. N. Brown, “Optical transitions of Er3+ ions in fluorozirconate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 6635–6648 (1983).
  27. R. R. Jacobs and M. J. Weber, “Dependence of the 4F3/2 to 4I11/2 induced-emission cross section for Nd3+ on glass composition,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 102–111 (1976).
  28. K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, and Y. Okamoto, “Fabrication and properties of polymer optical fibers containing Nd-chelate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 989–991 (2000).
  29. J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminium, yttrium gallium and gadolinium garnets,” J. Appl. Phys. 4, 182–184 (1964).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited