OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 19, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2002
  • pp: 2032–2038

Photoinduced reversible optical gratings in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films

Stefano Cattaneo, Steve Lecomte, Christian Bosshard, Germano Montemezzani, Peter Günter, Robert C. Livingston, and François Diederich  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 19, Issue 9, pp. 2032-2038 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.19.002032


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (226 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report on our investigation of the potential for all-optical reversible photostructuring of the photochromic molecule 1, 2-bis(2-methylbenzo[<i>b</i>]thiophen-3-yl)perfluorocyclopentene (BFCP). The light-induced isomerization of BFCP was studied in solution as well as in polymeric thin films. The absorption change that is due to the photochromic reaction of BFCP was determined by conventional spectroscopic measurements. The absolute values of the refractive indices of doped polymer films were measured by the waveguide grating coupling technique for the two states of the photochromic molecule. The dynamics of the reactions and the light-induced refractive-index changes Δn of doped polymer samples were investigated in holographic grating experiments. Changes of as much as Δn=(3.5±0.5)×10<sup>−4</sup> were obtained at 806 nm for 41.16-wt. % doping. Finally, a modified two-beam coupling experiment permitted the separation of absorption and refractive-index contributions to the grating buildup and the determination of the phase shifts of these gratings with respect to the intensity grating.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(160.2900) Materials : Optical storage materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties

Citation
Stefano Cattaneo, Steve Lecomte, Christian Bosshard, Germano Montemezzani, Peter Günter, Robert C. Livingston, and François Diederich, "Photoinduced reversible optical gratings in photochromic diarylethene-doped polymeric thin films," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2032-2038 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-19-9-2032


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. L. A. Hornak, Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics: Technology and Applications (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1992).
  2. H. S. Nalwa and S. Miyata, Nonlinear Optics of Molecules and Polymers (CRC Press, New York, 1998).
  3. Y. Shi, C. Zhang, H. Zhang, J. H. Bechtel, L. R. Dalton, B. H. Robinson, and W. H. Steier, “Low (sub-1-Volt) halfwave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape,” Science 288, 119–122 (2000).
  4. G. H. Brown, Photochromism (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1971).
  5. H. Dürr and H. Bouas-Laurent, Photochromism, Molecules and Systems (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990).
  6. A. Toriumi and S. Kawata, “Reflection confocal microscope readout system for three-dimensional photochromic optical data storage,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1924–1926 (1988).
  7. T. Tsujioka, Y. Shimizu, and M. Irie, “Crosstalk in photon-mode photochromic multiwavelength recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1914–1919 (1994).
  8. S. H. Kawai, S. L. Gilat, R. Ponsinet, and J.-M. Lehn, “A dual-mode molecular switching device: bisphenolic diarylethenes with integrated photochromic and electrochromic properties,” Chem. Eur. J. 1, 285–293 (1995).
  9. S. L. Gilat, S. H. Kawai, and J.-M. Lehn, “Light-triggered molecular devices: photochemical switching of optical and electrochemical properties in molecular wire type diarylethene species,” Chem. Eur. J. 1, 275–284 (1995).
  10. F. Ebisawa, M. Hoshino, and K. Sukegawa, “Self-holding photochromic polymer Mach–Zehnder optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2919–2921 (1994).
  11. S. Lecomte, U. Gubler, M. Jäger, Ch. Bosshard, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, L. Gobbi, and F. Diederich, “Reversible optical structuring of polymer waveguides doped with photochromic molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 921–923 (2000).
  12. M. Irie and M. Mohri, “Thermally irreversible photochromic systems. Reversible photocyclization of diarylethene derivatives,” J. Org. Chem. 53, 803–808 (1988).
  13. M. Hanazawa, R. Sumiya, Y. Horikawa, and M. Irie, “Thermally irreversible photochromic systems. Reversible photocyclization of 1, 2-bis(2-methylbenzo[b]thiophen-3-yl)perfluorocycloalkene derivatives,” J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 3, 206–207 (1992).
  14. N. Tanio and M. Irie, “Photooptical switching of polymer film waveguide containing photochromic diarylethenes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1550–1553 (1994).
  15. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991).
  16. H. J. Eichler, P. Günter, and D. W. Pohl, Laser-Induced Dynamic Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986).
  17. K. Meerholz, E. Mecher, R. Bittner, and Y. De Nardin, “Competing photorefractive gratings in organic thin-films devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2114–2124 (1998).
  18. M. Duelli, G. Montemezzani, C. Keller, F. Lehr, and P. Günter, “Colorant doped polymethylmethacrylate used as a holographic recording medium and as an intensity tunable saturable absorber,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 215–220 (1994).
  19. K. Sutter and P. Günter, “Photorefractive gratings in the organic crystal 2-cyclotylamino-5-nitropyridine doped with 7, 7, 8, 8-tetracyanoquinodimethane,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2274–2278 (1990).
  20. H. Kogelnik, “Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).
  21. M. Irie, “Diarylethenes for memories and switches,” Chem. Rev. 100, 1685–1716 (2000).
  22. S. Kobatake, T. Yamada, K. Uchida, N. Kato, and M. Irie, “Photochromism of 1, 2-bis(2, 5-dimethyl-3-thienyl)perfluorocyclopentene in a single crystalline phase,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 2380–2386 (1999).
  23. M. Irie, S. Kobatake, and M. Horichi, “Reversible surface morphology changes of a photochromic diarylethene single crystal by photoirradiation,” Science 291, 1769–1772 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited