Atoms in a thermal beam can be cooled, decelerated, and stopped using the radiation pressure from a nearly resonant laser beam. Several groups have already used this laser-cooling process on an atomic sodium beam. The techniques and results of the various experimental groups are reviewed, and applications of laser-cooled atoms, in particular the possibility of confining them in electromagnetic traps, are discussed.
© 1985 Optical Society of America
William D. Phillips, John V. Prodan, and Harold J. Metcalf, "Laser cooling and electromagnetic trapping of neutral atoms," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1751-1767 (1985)