A theoretical and experimental study is presented of the effect of stimulated radiation pressure (SRP) under the conditions of strong saturation of the resonance transition when the interaction times between the atom and the field are short (shorter than the radiative lifetime). An experimental method for studying the scattering of an atomic beam by the field of a standing light wave is described. The measured dependence of the scattering efficiency on the electric field and the detuning from resonance are reported. Experimental relationships are compared with theoretical calculations based on the quasi-classical description of the motion of atoms in the field of a light wave, using an effective potential. It is shown that the efficiency of scattering of atoms by SRP forces is of the order of unity in relatively weak (100–1000-V/cm) laser fields.
© 1985 Optical Society of America
V. A. Grinchuk, E. F. Kuzin, M. L. Nagaeva, G. A. Ryabenko, A. P. Kazantsev, G. I. Surdutovich, and V. P. Yakovlev, "Scattering of atoms by coherent interaction with light," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1805-1813 (1985)