OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 2, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 1985
  • pp: 1814–1829

Radiation pressure on macroscopic bodies

P. Mulser  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 2, Issue 11, pp. 1814-1829 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.2.001814


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2241 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The force exerted by a high-frequency electric field on a macroscopic body is calculated. Starting from total momentum conservation, a rigorous definition of radiation force density is given, and the relationship between a time-averaged Maxwellian stress tensor and radiation pressure is clarified. Formulas are presented for calculating the volume force density of the radiation-force term. It is further shown that all resonant wave–wave interactions of nonlinear optics, such as stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering, are driven by radiation pressure. The limits of validity of the radiation-pressure concept are discussed.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: April 22, 1985
Manuscript Accepted: July 9, 1985
Published: November 1, 1985

Citation
P. Mulser, "Radiation pressure on macroscopic bodies," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1814-1829 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-2-11-1814


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. C. Maxwell, A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1871).
  2. A. Bartoli, Nuovo Cimento 15, 195 (1883). According to Debye, Bartoli published his formula first in 1875 (see Ref. 80, p. 79).
  3. P. N. Lebedev, “Untersuchungen über die Druckkräfte des Lichtes (Investigations on the pressure forces of light),” Ann. Phys. 6, 433–458 (1901). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Nichols, G. F. Hull, “Über Strahlungsdruck (On radiation pressure),” Ann. Phys. 12, 225–263 (1903). [CrossRef]
  5. W. Gerlach, A. Golsen, “Untersuchung an Radiometern. II. Eine neue Messung des Strahlungsdruckes (Investigations with radiometers. II. A new measurement of the radiation pressure),” Z. Phys. 15, 1–7 (1923). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Boltzmann, “Ableitung des Stefanschen Gesetzes, betreffend die Abhängigkeit der Wärmestrahlung von der Temperatur aus der elektromagnetischen Lichttheorie (Derivation of Stefan’s law concerning the temperature dependence of thermal radiation from the electromagnetic theory of light),” Wied. Ann. 22, 291–293 (1884). [CrossRef]
  7. A. S. Eddington, “On the radiative equilibrium of stars,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 77, 16 (1917).
  8. M. Schwarzschild, R. Härm, “On the maximum mass of stable stars,” Astrophys. J. 129, 637–646 (1959) (the upper limit for M given here is 60 sun masses); J. P. Cox, R. Th. Giuli, Stellar Structure (Gordon & Breach, New York, 1968), Vol. I, Chap. 11. [CrossRef]
  9. F. L. Whipple, W. F. Huebner, “Physical processes in comets,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 14, 143–172 (1976), p. 166. [CrossRef]
  10. J. C. Brandt, “The physics of comet tails,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 6, 267–286 (1968). [CrossRef]
  11. J. G. Hills, “The formation of comets by radiation pressure in the outer protosun,” Astron. J. 87, 906–910 (1982); J. G. Hills, M. T. Sandford, “Dependence on the radiation-grain coupling,” Astron. J. 88, 1519–1521 (1983); “Dependence on the anistropy of the radiation field,” Astron J. 88, 1522–1530 (1983). [CrossRef]
  12. P. N. Lebedev, Astrophys. J. 14, 155–163 (1902). [CrossRef]
  13. E. E. Salpeter, “Central stars of planetary nebulae,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 9, 127–146 (1971) p. 141. [CrossRef]
  14. W. G. Mathews, C. R. O’Dell, “Evolution of diffuse nebulae,” Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 7, 67–98 (1969) p. 85. [CrossRef]
  15. L. Spitzer, Diffuse Matter in Space (Wiley/Interscience, New York, 1968), pp. 207–212.
  16. B. Baud, H. J. Habing, “The maser strength of OH/IR stars, evolution of mass loss and the creation of superwind,” Astron. Astrophys. 127, 73–83 (1983).
  17. H. E. Fröhlich, “Der Druck des ultravioletten Strahlungsfeldes auf interstellare Staubteilchen (The pressure of the UV radiation field on interstellar dust particles),” Astron. Nachr. 302, 15–28 (1981). [CrossRef]
  18. A. E. Roy, Orbital Motion (Adam Hilger, Bristol, England, 1978), Chap. 12.
  19. W. J. Boulton, “The effect of solar radiation pressure on the orbit of a cylindrical satellite,” Planet Space Sci. 32, 287–296 (1984). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Weinberg, The First Three Minutes (Basic, New York, 1977).
  21. W. K. H. Panofsky, M. Phillips, Classical Electricity and Magnetism (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1975), Chap. 11.
  22. H. A. Lorentz, “Versuch einer Theorie der elektrischen und optischen Erscheinungen in bewegten Körpern (Attempt to establish a theory of the electrical and optical phenomena in moving bodies),” (Brill, Leiden, 1895; reprint Teubner, Leipzig, 1906), pp. 21–29; H. A. Lorentz, The Theory of Electrons (1909; republished by Dover, New York, 1952).
  23. P. Penfield, H. A. Haus, Electrodynamics of Moving Media (MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.1967), Chaps. 1, 7, 8. For additional references see also M. M. Novak, “Interaction of photons with electrons in dielectric media,” Fortschr. Phys. 28, 285–355 (1980). [CrossRef]
  24. A. Einstein, “Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt (On a heuristic point of view concerning the generation and transformation of light),” Ann. Phys. 17, 132–148 (1905); “Zum gegenwärtigen Stand des Strahlungsproblems (additional new opinions on radiation problems),” Phys. Z. 10, 185–193 (1909); “Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung (On quantum theory of radiation),” Phys. Z. 18, 121–128 (1917). [CrossRef]
  25. J. M. Jauch, F. Rohrlich, The Theory of Photons and Electrons (Springer, New York, 1976); J. Schwinger, Quantum Electrodynamics (Dover, New York, 1958) (contains a collection of original papers since 1927); C. Itzykson, J.-B. Zuber, Quantum Field Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980). [CrossRef]
  26. H. C. van de Hulst, Light Scattering by Small Particles (Wiley, New York, 1950).
  27. B. Guillame, A. Delfour, D. Bize, “10.6 μ m Mie scattering by a single particle in optical levitation,” Proc. Soc. PhotoOpt. Eng. 384, 66–72 (1983).
  28. R. Thurn, W. Kiefer, “Raman microsampling technique applying optical levitation by radiation pressure,” Appl. Spectrosc. 38, 78–83 (1984). [CrossRef]
  29. Proceedings of the Workshop on Laser-Cooled and Trapped Atoms, Washington, April 14-15, 1983 [Nat. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Spec. Publ. 653 (1983); contains 20 papers].
  30. W. Neuhauser, M. Hohenstatt, P. Toschek, “Optical-sideband cooling of visible atom cloud confined in parabolic well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 233–236 (1978). [CrossRef]
  31. D. W. Wineland, R. E. Drullinger, F. L. Walls, “Radiation-pressure cooling of bound resonant absorbers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1639–1642 (1978). [CrossRef]
  32. J. Javanainen, M. Lindberg, S. Stenholm, “Laser cooling of trapped ions: dynamics of the final stages,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 111–115 (1984). [CrossRef]
  33. V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, “Laser cooling of atoms and its application in frequency standards,” J. Phys. Colloq. C8, 42, 347–355 (1981).
  34. R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Clarendon, Oxford, 1978).
  35. N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1965).
  36. J. J. Duderstadt, G. A. Moses, Inertial Confinement Fusion (Wiley, New York, 1982), Chaps. 4 and 5.
  37. Th. M. Johnson, “Inertial confinement fusion: review and perspective,” Proc. IEEE 72, 548–594 (1984). [CrossRef]
  38. F. F. Chen, “Physical mechanisms for laser-plasma parametric instabilities,” in Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena, H. J. Schwarz, H. Hora, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1974), p. 294; Introduction to Plasma Physics (Plenum, New York, 1976), p. 264.
  39. V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, “Laser radiation pressure on free atoms,” Phys. Rep. 73, 1–65 (1981). [CrossRef]
  40. See, for example, L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, Fluid Mechanics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1979), Chaps. 1 and 2.
  41. H. A. H. Boot, S. A. Self, R. B. R. Shersby-Harvie, “Containment of a fully ionized plasma by radio frequency fields,” J. Electron. Control 4, 434–453 (1958); A. V. Gapunov, M. A. Miller, “Potential wells for charged particles in a high-frequency electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 7, 168–169 (1958). [CrossRef]
  42. H. Hora, D. Pfirsch, A. Schlüter, “Beschleunigung von inhomogenen Plasmen durch Laserlicht (Acceleration of inhomogeneous plasmas by laser light),” Z. Naturforsch. 22a, 278–280 (1967).
  43. A. Zeidler, H. Schnabl, P. Mulser, “Light pressure of time-dependent fields in plasmas,” Phys. Fluids 28, 372–376 (1985). The time-dependent expression of π was found in 1982 (see Annual Report 1982, Institute of Applied Physics, Technical University, 6100 Darmstadt, p. 55). For a homogeneous plasma it is also obtained by summing up all terms for B0= 0 in Ref. 44. [CrossRef]
  44. G. Stratham, D. ter Haar, “Strong turbulence of a magnetized plasma. II. The ponderomotive force,” Plasma Phys. 25, 681–698 (1983). [CrossRef]
  45. A. B. Langdon, “Nonlinear inverse bremsstrahlung and heated-electron distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 575–579 (1980). [CrossRef]
  46. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media (Pergamon, Oxford, 1981), Secs. 15 and 16; R. Becker, F. Sauter, Electromagnetic Fields and Interactions (Dover, New York, 1982), Vol. I, Sec. 35. See also Ref. 21, Chap. 6.
  47. V. S. Starunov, I. L. Fabelinskii, “Stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering and stimulated entropy (temperature) scattering of light,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 12, 463–489 (1969–70) [Usp. Fiz. Nauk 98, 441–491 (1969)]. [CrossRef]
  48. B. J. B. Crowley, “Dispersive effects in radiation transport and radiation hydrodynamics in matter at high density,” J. Phys. Colloq. C8 44, 25–38 (1983).
  49. R. L. Carmen, D. W. Forslund, J. M. Kindel, “Visible harmonic emission as a way of measuring profile steepening,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 29–32 (1981). [CrossRef]
  50. R. J. Cook, “Theory of resonance-radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. A 22, 1078–1098 (1980). [CrossRef]
  51. O. Svelto, “Self-focusing, self-trapping, and self-phase modulation of laser beams,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1974), Vol. 12, pp. 1–51. [CrossRef]
  52. K. Lee, D. W. Forslund, J. M. Kindel, E. L. Lindman, “Theoretical derivation of laser induced plasma profiles,” Phys. Fluids 20, 51–54 (1977); C. Max, C. McKee, “Effects of flow on density profiles in laser-irradiated plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 1336–1339 (1977). [CrossRef]
  53. P. Mulser, C. van Kessel, “Profile modifications and plateau formation due to light pressure in laser irradiated targets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 902–905 (1977). [CrossRef]
  54. P. Mulser, G. Spindler, “Radiation pressure dominated plasma flow,” Z. Naturforsch. 34a, 1059–1062 (1979).
  55. H. Takabe, P. Mulser, “Self consistent treatment of resonance absorption in a streaming plasma,” Phys. Fluids 25, 2304–2306 (1982); W. L. Kruer, “Model of resonance absorption with profile modification,” Phys. Fluids 25, 2324–2325 (1982). [CrossRef]
  56. R. Fedosejevs, M. D. J. Burgess, G. D. Enright, M. C. Richardson, “Supercritical density profiles of CO2-laser-irradiated microballoons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1664–1667 (1979); D. R. Bach, D. E. Casperson, D. W. Forslund, S. J. Gitomer, P. D. Goldstone, A. Hauer, J. F. Kephart, J. M. Kindel, R. Kristal, G. A. Kyrala, K. B. Mitchell, D. B. van Hulsteyn, A. H. Williams, “Intensity dependent absorption in 10.6-μ m laser-illuminated spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 2082–2085 (1983). [CrossRef]
  57. M. D’Evelyn, G. M. Morales, “Properties of large amplitude Langmuir solitons,” Phys. Fluids 21, 1997–2008 (1978). [CrossRef]
  58. H. H. Chen, Ch. S. Liu, “Soliton generation at resonance and density modification in laser-irradiated plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 1147–1151 (1977); G. D. Doolen, D. F. DuBois, H. A. Rose, “Nucleation of cavitons in strong Langmuir turbulence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 804–807 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  59. H. C. Kim, R. L. Stenzel, A. Y. Wong, “Development of cavitons and trapping of rf fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 886–889 (1974). [CrossRef]
  60. J. A. Stamper, E. A. McLean, B. H. Ripin, “Studies of spontaneous magnetic fields in laser-produced plasmas by Faraday rotation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 1177–1180 (1978); A. Raven, O. Willi, P. T. Rumsby, “Megagauss magnetic field profiles in laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 554–557 (1979). [CrossRef]
  61. D. G. Colombant, N. K. Winsor, “Thermal-force terms and self-generated magnetic fields in laser-produced plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 697–701 (1977). [CrossRef]
  62. J. J. Thomson, C. E. Max, K. Estabrook, “Magnetic fields due to resonance absorption of laser light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 663–667 (1975); W. Woo, J. S. DeGroot, “Magnetic fields due to laser light absorption,” Phys. Fluids 21, 2072–2075 (1978). [CrossRef]
  63. O. Willi, P. T. Rumsby, “Filamentation on laser irradiated spherical targets,” Opt. Commun. 37, 45–48 (1981). [CrossRef]
  64. A. Bers, “Space–time evolution of plasma instabilities—absolute and convective,” in Handbook of Plasma Physics, M. N. Rosenbluth, R. Z. Sagdeev, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983), pp. 451–517.
  65. C. S. Liu, “Parametric instabilities in homogeneous unmagnetized plasmas,” in Advances in Plasma Physics (Wiley, New York, 1976), pp. 83–120.
  66. L. Allen, J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Wiley, New York, 1975).
  67. R. C. Davidson, Methods in Nonlinear Plasma Theory (Academic, New York, 1972), p. 125.
  68. P. Mulser, A. Giulietti, M. Vaselli, “Quantitative explanation of oscillating two-stream and parametric decay instabilities in terms of wave pressure,” Phys. Fluids 27, 2035–2038 (1984). [CrossRef]
  69. N. Bloembergen, “Nonlinear optics and spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 54, 685–695 (1982). [CrossRef]
  70. P. Mulser, “Nonlinear optics and wave pressure in laser plasmas,” in Laser–Plasma Interactions 2, R. A. Cairns, ed. (SUSSP, Edinburgh, U.K., 1983), pp. 29–54.
  71. A. Reiman, “Space-time evolution of nonlinear three-wave interactions. II. Interaction in an inhomogeneous medium,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 51, 311–330 (1979). [CrossRef]
  72. P. Kaw, G. Schmidt, T. Wilcox, “Filamentation and trapping of electromagnetic radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Fluids16, 1522–1525 (1973); R. W. Short, R. Bingham, E. A. Williams, “Filamentation of laser light in flowing plasmas,” Phys. Fluids 25, 2302–2305 (1982); M. S. Sodha, A. K. Ghatak, V. K. Tripathi, “Self-focusing of laser beams in plasmas and semiconductors,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), pp. 171–265. [CrossRef]
  73. P. Mulser, H. Schnabl, “Excitation of large amplitude electron plasma waves by laser,” Laser Particle Beams 1, 379–394 (1983); Erratum 2, 254 (1984). [CrossRef]
  74. W. Schneider, “Elektronenbeschleunigung durch inhomogene Langmuirwellen hoher Amplitude (Electron acceleration in inhomogeneous high-amplitude Langmuir waves),” Phys. Fluids (to be published).
  75. For V see M. S. Sodha, A. K. Ghatak, V. K. Tripathi, “Self-focusing of laser beams in plasmas and semiconductors,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), pp. 194–212. For π see Ref. 44.
  76. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980), p. 122.
  77. G. C. Pomraning, Radiation Hydrodynamics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1973); M. S. Zubairy, “Radiative energy transfer in presence of random source distributions,” in Coherence and Quantum Optics IV, L. Mandel, E. Wolf, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1978), pp. 459–467.
  78. G. B. Whitham, Linear and Nonlinear Waves (Wiley, New York, 1974), pp. 247–251; V. A. Kulkarny, B. S. White, “Focusing and waves in turbulent inhomogeneous media,” Phys. Fluids 25, 1770–1784 (1982); M. J. Beran, “Coherence theory and caustic corrections,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Eng. 358, 176–183 (1982). [CrossRef]
  79. K. Rawer, “Elektrische Wellen in einem geschichteten Medium (Electric waves in a stratified medium),” Ann. Phys. 35, 385–416 (1939); Erratum 42, 294–296 (1942). [CrossRef]
  80. P. Debye, “Der Lichtdruck auf Kugeln von beliebigem Material (The light pressure on spheres of arbitrary material),” Ann. Phys. 30, 57–136 (1909). [CrossRef]
  81. W. M. Irvine, “Light scattering by spherical particles: radiation pressure, asymmetry factor, and extinction cross section,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 16–21 (1965); H. M. Nussenzveig, W. J. Wiscombe, “Efficiency factors in Mie scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1490–1494 (1980). [CrossRef]
  82. N. V. Voshchinnikov, V. B. Il’in, “Planck mean cross sections for radiation pressure for nonspherical grains. I and II,” Astrophys. 18, 353–360 (1982); Astrophys. 19, 347–357 (1983).
  83. J. H. Poynting, “Radiation in the solar system: its effect on temperature and its pressure on small bodies,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 202, 525–552 (1904); H. P. Robertson, “Dynamical effects on radiation in the solar system,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 97, 423–438 (1937). [CrossRef]
  84. I. Brevik, “Experiments in phenomenological electrodynamics and the electromagnetic energy-momentum tensor,” Phys. Rep. 52, 133–201 (1979). [CrossRef]
  85. R. Peierls, “The momentum of light in a refracting medium,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 347, 475–491 (1976). The following paper contains a comment on Peierls result: H. M. Lai, W. M. Suen, K. Young, “Microscopic derivation of a force on a dielectric fluid in an electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. A 25, 1755–1763 (1982). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited