OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 2, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1985
  • pp: 544–551

Optical phenomena at a silver surface with siibmicroscopic bumps

G. Ritchie, E. Burstein, and R. B. Stephens  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 2, Issue 4, pp. 544-551 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.2.000544


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1445 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present results of optical measurements that yield clear evidence of localized-plasmon resonances of uniformly sized, submicroscopic structures on a continuous metal surface. Reflectance and inelastic-light-scattering spectra were measured for a silver surface that has randomly located projections, or “bumps,” 60 nm high and 60 nm wide. The reflectance spectra exhibit two absorption bands corresponding to localized plasmons of the silver bumps, which oscillate in directions parallel and perpendicular to the surface. Addition of Rhodamine-dye molecules to the surface yields marked changes in the reflectance spectra. The intensities of the luminescence and the Raman scattering from the dye layer at the surface increase in approximate proportion to the number density of bumps, confirming the role of these bumps as signal amplifiers in the enhancements of the inelastically scattered light. The intensity and the shape of the luminescence spectra depend on the incident and emitted polarizations in a manner that can be qualitatively understood in terms of the polarization dependence of the localized plasmons.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: September 9, 1984
Manuscript Accepted: December 10, 1984
Published: April 1, 1985

Citation
G. Ritchie, R. B. Stephens, and E. Burstein, "Optical phenomena at a silver surface with siibmicroscopic bumps," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 544-551 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-2-4-544


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. W. Berreman, “Anomalous reststrahl structure from slight surface roughness,” Phys. Rev. 163, 855–864 (1967). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Beaglehole, O. Hunderi, “Study of the interaction of light with rough metal surfaces. I. Experiment; II. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 309–329 (1970). [CrossRef]
  3. S. O. Sari, D. K. Cohen, K. D. Scherkoske, “Study of surface plasma wave reflectance and roughness-induced scattering in silver foils,” Phys. Rev. B 21, 2162–2174 (1980). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Raether, “Surface plasmons and roughness,” pp. 331–403;A. A. Maradudin, “Interaction of surface polaritons and plasmons with surface roughness,”pp. 405–510, in Surface Polaritons, V. M. Agranovich, D. L. Mills, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1982).
  5. M. J. Dignam, M. Moskovits, “Influence of surface roughness on the transmission and reflectance spectra of adsorbed species,” J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. II 69, 65 (1973). [CrossRef]
  6. E. Burstein, C. Y. Chen, “Raman Scattering by molecules adsorbed at metal surfaces. The role of surface roughness,” in Proceedings of the VIIth International Conference on Raman Spectroscopy, Ottawa, Canada (North-Holland, New York, 1980).
  7. R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds., Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (Plenum, New York, 1982). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Dornhaus, “Surface enhanced Raman Spectroscopy,” in Advances in Solid State Physics, P. Grosse Aachen, ed. (Vieweg, Braunschweig, Federal Republic of Germany, 1982), Vol. 22, pp. 201–228. [CrossRef]
  9. C. Y. Chen, I. Davoli, G. Ritchie, E. Burstein, “Giant Raman scattering and luminescence by molecules adsorbed on Ag and Au metal island films,” Surf. Sci. 101, 363–366 (1980). [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Glass, P. F. Liao, J. G. Bergman, D. H. Olson, “Interaction of metal particles with adsorbed dye molecules: absorption and luminescence,” Opt. Lett. 5, 368–370 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Ritchie, E. Burstein, “Luminescence of molecules adsorbed at a silver surface,” Phys. Rev. B 24, 4843–4846 (1981). [CrossRef]
  12. H. G. Craighead, A. M. Glass, “Optical absorption of small metal particles with adsorbed dye coats,” Opt. Lett. 6, 248–250 (1980). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Garoff, D. A. Weitz, T. J. Gramila, C. D. Hanson, “Optical absorption resonance of dye-coated silver-island films,” Opt. Lett. 6, 245–247 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Knoll, M. R. Philpott, J. D. Swalen, A. Girlando, “Surface plasmon enhanced Raman spectra of monolayer assemblies,” J. Chem. Phys. 77, 2254–2260 (1982). [CrossRef]
  15. D. S. Wang, M. Kerker, “Absorption and luminescence of dye-coated silver and gold particles,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 2433–2449 (1982). [CrossRef]
  16. D. A. Weitz, S. Garoff, J. I. Gersten, A. Nitzan, “The enhancement of Raman scattering, resonance Raman scattering, and fluorescence from molecules adsorbed on a rough silver surface,” J. Chem. Phys. 78, 5324–5338 (1983). [CrossRef]
  17. C. K. Chen, A. R. B. de Castro, Y. R. Shen, “Surface enhanced second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 145–148 (1981). [CrossRef]
  18. C. K. Chen, T. F. Heinz, D. Ricard, Y. R. Shen, “Detection of molecular monolayers by optical second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 1010–1012 (1981). [CrossRef]
  19. J. P. Heritage, A. M. Glass, “Nonlinear optical effects,” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 391–412. [CrossRef]
  20. G. C. Schatz, “The image field effect: how important is it?” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 35–50. [CrossRef]
  21. A. Otto, J. Billmann, J. Eickmans, U. Ertürk, C. Pettenkofer, “The ‘adatom model’ of SERS (surface enhanced Raman scattering): the present status,” Surf. Sci. 138, 319–338 (1984). [CrossRef]
  22. J. I. Gersten, R. L. Birke, J. R. Lombardi, “Theory of enhanced light scattering from molecules adsorbed at the metal-solution interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 147–150 (1979). [CrossRef]
  23. S. L. McCall, P. M. Platzman, “Raman scattering from chemisorbed molecules at surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 1660–1662 (1980). [CrossRef]
  24. Ph. Avouris, J. E. Demuth, “Electronic excitations of benzine, pyridine, and pyrazine adsorbed on Ag(111),” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 4783–4794 (1981). [CrossRef]
  25. H. Ueba, S. Ichimura, H. Yamada, “Where are we in the study of SERS? Role of chemisorption and charge transfer,” Surf. Sci. 119, 433–448 (1982). [CrossRef]
  26. S. L. McCall, P. M. Platzman, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Lett. 77A, 381–383 (1980).
  27. C. Y. Chen, E. Burstein, “Giant Raman scattering by molecules at metal island films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1287–1291 (1980). [CrossRef]
  28. D. S. Wang, M. Kerker, “Enhanced Raman scattering by molecules at the surface of colloidal spheroids,” Phys. Rev. B 24, 1777–1790 (1981). [CrossRef]
  29. J. I. Gersten, A. Nitzan, “Electromagnetic theory of enhanced Raman scattering by molecules adsorbed on rough surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 73, 3023–3037 (1980);“Electromagnetic theory: a spheroidal model,” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 89–107. [CrossRef]
  30. R. Ruppin, “Electric field enhancement near a surface bump,” Solid State Commun. 39, 903–906 (1981). [CrossRef]
  31. E. Burstein, S. Lundquist, D. L. Mills, “The roles of surface roughness,” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 67–86. [CrossRef]
  32. C. A. Murray, “Molecule-silver separation dependence,” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 203–221. [CrossRef]
  33. P. C. Das, J. I. Gersten, “Surface shape resonances,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 6281–6290 (1982). [CrossRef]
  34. A. Wokaum, J. P. Gordon, P. F. Liao, “Radiation damping in surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957–960 (1982);P. F. Liao, M. B. Stern, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on gold and aluminum particle arrays,” Opt. Lett. 7, 483–485 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. K. Arya, R. Zeyher, A. A. Maradudin, “Electric field enhancement near a randomly rough metal surface,” Solid State Commun. 42, 461–464 (1982). [CrossRef]
  36. P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, H. Massoudi, “Surface-enhanced electric intensities on large silver spheroids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 997–1000 (1983). [CrossRef]
  37. M. Meier, A. Wokaun, “Enhanced fields on large metal particles: dynamic depolarization,” Opt. Lett. 8, 581–583 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. N. E. Glass, A. A. Maradudin, V. Celli, “Theory of surface-polariton resonances and field enhancements in light scattering from bigratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1240–1248 (1983). [CrossRef]
  39. W. R. Holland, D. G. Hall, “Frequency shifts of an electric-dipole resonance near a conducting surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1041–1044 (1984). [CrossRef]
  40. C. A. Murray, S. Bodoff, “Depolarization effects in Raman scattering from monolayers on surfaces: the classical microscopic local field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 2273–2276 (1984). [CrossRef]
  41. S. S. Jha, J. R. Kirtley, J. C. Tsang, “Intensity of Raman scattering from molecules adsorbed on a metallic grating,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 3973–3982 (1980). [CrossRef]
  42. A. Girlando, M. R. Philpott, D. Heitmann, J. D. Swalen, R. Santo, “Raman spectra of thin organic films enhanced by surface polaritons on holographic metal gratings,” J. Chem. Phys. 72, 5187–5191 (1980). [CrossRef]
  43. D. L. Mills, M. Weber, “Enhanced electric fields near gratings: comments on enhanced Raman scattering from surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 26, 1075–1078 (1982). [CrossRef]
  44. H. Numata, “Contribution to SERS of surface plasmon polariton modes on sinusoidal metal surface,” J. Phys. Sbc. Jpn. 51, 2575–2581 (1982). [CrossRef]
  45. M. Weber, D. L. Mills, “Interaction of electromagnetic waves with periodic gratings: enhanced fields and the reflectivity,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 2698–2709 (1983). [CrossRef]
  46. M. Fleischmann, I. R. Hill, “Electrochemical effects,” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 275–292. [CrossRef]
  47. C. A. Murray, D. L. Allara, A. F. Hebard, F. J. Padden, “Determination of sample morphology of multilayered structures used in surface enhanced Raman scattering experiments,” Surf. Sci. 119, 449–478 (1982). [CrossRef]
  48. J. A. Creighton, “Metal colloids,” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furkas, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 315–337. [CrossRef]
  49. H. Seki, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering of pyridine on different silver surfaces,” J. Chem. Phys. 76, 4412–4418 (1982). [CrossRef]
  50. P. F. Liao, “Silver structures produced by microlithography,” in Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1982), pp. 379–390. [CrossRef]
  51. R. M. Hart, J. G. Bergman, A. Wokaun, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering from silver particles on polymer-replica substrates,” Opt. Lett. 7, 105–107 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  52. R. R. Chance, A. Prock, R. Silbey, “Molecular fluorescence and energy transfer near interfaces,” in Advances in Chemical Physics 37, I. Prigogine, S. A. Rice, eds. (Wiley, New York, 1978), pp. 1–65. [CrossRef]
  53. R. L. Fleischer, P. B. Price, R. M. Walker, Nuclear Tracks in Solids: Principles and Applications (U. California Press, Los Angeles, Calif., 1975).
  54. R. B. Stephens, G. D. Cody, “Inhomogeneous surfaces as selective solar absorbers,” Solar Energy Mater. 1, 397–410 (1979).This reference discusses the use of effective medium theory to formulate the optical properties of rough surfaces produced by the particle-track-etch technique. [CrossRef]
  55. P. Rouard, A. Meessen, “Optical properties of thin metal films” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977), Vol. 15, pp. 77–137. [CrossRef]
  56. H. Morawitz, M. R. Philpott, “Coupling of an excited molecule to surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10, 4863–4868 (1974). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited