We have experimentally investigated the creation of spectrally ordered nuclear and electronic Zeeman coherences in a gas-phase sample. A Zeeman coherence is generated through the sequential excitation of two coupled optical transitions. In our experiment, one transition was excited by a data pulse and the other by a short reference pulse. Subsequent excitation of one of these transitions by a short reading pulse transforms the Zeeman coherence into an optical coherence and leads to the emission of a time-forward or time-reversed duplicate of the data pulse. Output signals up to 5% as intense as the original data pulse were observed. We present a general analysis that is applicable to both gases and solids and find that the solid-state analog of this process will exist only if the inhomogeneous broadening of the two optical transitions is highly correlated.
© 1985 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: September 17, 1984
Manuscript Accepted: January 15, 1985
Published: June 1, 1985
N. W. Carlson, W. R. Babbitt, Y. S. Bai, and T. W. Mossberg, "Spectrally ordered Zeeman coherences and optical pulse-shape storage," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 908-914 (1985)