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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 2, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1985
  • pp: 1510–1526

Quantum-limited laser frequency-modulation spectroscopy

Manfred Gehrtz, Gary C. Bjorklund, and Edward A. Whittaker  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 2, Issue 9, pp. 1510-1526 (1985)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.2.001510


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Abstract

Frequency-modulation (FM) spectroscopy permits high-resolution, high-sensitivity, easily calibrated absorption measurements of atomic and molecular species and narrow spectral features in solids. This paper reviews some important developments in laser FM spectroscopy, from its inception as a spectroscopic tool to the demonstration of quantum-limited absorption measurements, emphasizing the sensitivity limitations caused by residual amplitude modulation (RAM). Moreover, a detailed account is presented of a new double-beam, single-detector technique that efficiently suppresses the RAM and permits quantum-limited performance to be achieved in laser FM spectroscopy. We also include some recent results of the first reported FM spectroscopic investigations of the NO2 molecule.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: March 15, 1985
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 1985
Published: September 1, 1985

Citation
Manfred Gehrtz, Edward A. Whittaker, and Gary C. Bjorklund, "Quantum-limited laser frequency-modulation spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1510-1526 (1985)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-2-9-1510

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