OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 20, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2003
  • pp: 741–751

Nonlinear characterization of nanometer-thick dielectric layers by surface plasmon resonance techniques

Giancarlo Margheri, Emilia Giorgetti, Stefano Sottini, and Guido Toci  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 741-751 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (318 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The use of surface plasmon resonance as a powerful tool for the nonlinear characterization of ultrathin dielectric layers is investigated and experimentally demonstrated. The off-resonant intensity-dependent refractive index of 10–200-nm-thick films of the soluble polycarbazolyldiacetylene 1,6-bis-(3,6-dihexadecyl-N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne deposited upon silver was measured at 1064 nm and with picosecond pulses.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(240.0240) Optics at surfaces : Optics at surfaces

Giancarlo Margheri, Emilia Giorgetti, Stefano Sottini, and Guido Toci, "Nonlinear characterization of nanometer-thick dielectric layers by surface plasmon resonance techniques," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 741-751 (2003)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Sommerfeld, “U¨ber die Ausbreitung der Wellen in der drahtlosen Telegraphie,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 4, 665-736 (1909). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Pockrand, “Surface plasma oscillations at silver surfaces with thin transparent and absorbing coatings,” Surf. Sci. 72, 577-588 (1978). [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Kolomenskii, P. D. Gershon, and H. A. Schuessler, “Surface-plasmon resonance spectrometry and characterization of absorbing liquids,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3314-3320 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Knobloch, G. von Szada-Borryszkowski, S. Woigk, A. Helms, and L. Brehmer, “Dispersive surface plasmon microscopy for the characterization of ultrathin organic films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2336-2337 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. V. N. Konopsky, “Operation of scanning plasmon near-field microscope with gold and silver tips in tapping mode: demonstration of subtip resolution,” Opt. Commun. 185, 83-89 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase jumps and interferometric surface plasmon resonance imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917-3919 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, “Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. F. DeMartini, M. Colocci, S. E. Kohn, and Y. R. Shen, “Nonlinear optical excitation of surface exciton polaritons in ZnO,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1223-1226 (1977). [CrossRef]
  9. C. K. Chen, A. R. B. de Castro, Y. R. Shen, and F. DeMartini, “Surface coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 946-949 (1979). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Kahl and E. Voges, “Analysis of plasmon resonance and surface-enhanced Raman scattering on periodic silver structures,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 14,078-14, 088 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Jiang, Z. Q. Cao, Q.-S. Shen, X.-M. Dou, and Y. Chen, “Improved attenuated-total-reflection technique for measuring the electro-optic coefficients of nonlinear optical polymers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 177, 805-808 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Sasaki and T. Nagamura, “Ultrafast all-optical switch using complex refractive index changes of thin films containing photochromic dye,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 434-436 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. R. J. Crook, N. P. K. Cotter, J. R. Sambles, R. Rangel-Rojo,G. Spruce, and B. S. Wherrett, “Electronic nonlinear optical behaviour of a grating coupled polymer 4BCMU waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 113, 344-352 (1994). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Gallot, A. Cravino, I. Moggio, D. Comoretto, C. Cuniberti, and G. Dellepiane, “Supramolecular organization in the solid state of a novel soluble polydiacetylene,” Liq. Cryst. 26, 1437-1444 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. E. Kretschmann, “The ATR method with focused light. Application to guided waves on a grating,” Opt. Commun. 26, 41-44 (1978). [CrossRef]
  16. H. E. deBruijn, B. S. F. Altenburg, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, “Determination of thickness and dielectric constant of thin transparent dielectric layers using surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Commun. 82, 425-432 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).
  18. G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, J. Ariyasu, R. F. Wallis, and A. A. Maradudin, “Nonlinear electromagnetic waves guided by a single interface,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 2453-2459 (1985). [CrossRef]
  19. R. K. Hickernell and D. Sarid, “Optical bistability using prism coupled, long range surface plasmons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1059-1069 (1986). [CrossRef]
  20. S. D. Gupta and G. S. Agarwal, “Optical bistability with surface plasmons beyond plane waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 236-238 (1986). [CrossRef]
  21. V. K. Fedyanin and D. Mihalache, “p-Polarized nonlinear surface polaritons in layered structures,” Z. Phys. B 47, 167-173 (1982). [CrossRef]
  22. L. M. Walpita, “Solutions for planar optical waveguide equation by selecting zero elements in a characteristic matrix,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 595-602 (1985). [CrossRef]
  23. V. M. Agranovich and V. Ya. Chernyak, “Perturbation theory for weakly nonlinear p-polarized surface polaritons,” Solid State Commun. 44, 1309-1311 (1982). [CrossRef]
  24. Y. J. Chen and G. M. Carter, “Attenuated total reflectioncalculations for nonlinear surface plasmon dispersion,” Solid State Commun. 45, 277-280 (1983). [CrossRef]
  25. E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, X. F. Chen, A. Cravino, D. Comoretto, C. Cuniberti, C. Dell’Erba, and G. Dellepiane, “Linear and nonlinear characterization of polyDCHD-HS films,” Synth. Met. 115, 257-259 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, F. Gelli, and S. Sottini, “Nonlinear characterization of ultrathin polymer layers by means of surface plasmon spectroscopy,” Laser Phys. 1, 120-125 (2001).
  27. M. van Exter and A. Lagendijk, “Ultrashort surface-plasmon and phonon dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 49-52 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. van Exter, “Ultrafast spectroscopy of vibrational excitations and surface plasmons,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1988).
  29. K. Ujihara, “Reflectivity of metals at high temperatures,” J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2376-2383 (1972). [CrossRef]
  30. S. Sottini, G. Margheri, E. Giorgetti, F. Gelli, A. Cravino, D. Comoretto, C. Cuniberti, C. Dell’Erba, I. Moggio, and G. Dellepiane, “Thin films of a novel polydiacetylene for applications to all-optical signal processing,” Nonlinear Opt. 25, 385-391 (2000).
  31. E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, F. Gelli, S. Sottini, A. Cravino, D. Comoretto, C. Cuniberti, C. Dell’Erba, I. Moggio, G. Dellepiane, and S. Sottini, “Thin films of a novel polydiacetylene for applications to all-optical signal processing,” Synth. Met. 116, 129-133 (2001). [CrossRef]
  32. E. Giorgetti, G. Margheri, S. Sottini, G. Toci, M. Muniz-Miranda, L. Moroni, and G. Dellepiane, “Optical characterization of quasi-monomolecular layers of the nonlinear polymer polyDCHD-HS,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 4, 2762-2767 (2002). [CrossRef]
  33. V. M. Shalaev and A. K. Sarychev, “Nonlinear optics of random metal-dielectric films,” Phys. Rev. B 57, 13,265–13, 288 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited