OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 20, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2003
  • pp: 953–959

Cooling and trapping of radioactive atoms: the Legnaro francium magneto-optical trap

S. N. Atutov, R. Calabrese, V. Guidi, B. Mai, E. Scansani, G. Stancari, L. Tomassetti, L. Corradi, A. Dainelli, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and S. Veronesi  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 20, Issue 5, pp. 953-959 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.20.000953


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (760 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A magneto-optical trap for francium radioactive atoms has been set up at the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Legnaro laboratories, and its characterization and optimization are under way. The main features of the Fr+ beam line, of the target, and of the magneto-optical trap are described in detail. Measurements of the Fr-ion production rate as a function of the target temperature, the primary beam intensity, and energy have been made. Preliminary tests with other stable alkali atoms aimed at an improvement of the magneto-optical trap collection efficiency are reported. Fast and efficient trap loading of rubidium has been obtained through the light-induced atomic desorption from an organic coating. A larger number of sodium atoms, as compared with a monochromatic trapping laser, has been trapped by use of a broadband laser.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3320) Lasers and laser optics : Laser cooling
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic

Citation
S. N. Atutov, R. Calabrese, V. Guidi, B. Mai, E. Scansani, G. Stancari, L. Tomassetti, L. Corradi, A. Dainelli, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and S. Veronesi, "Cooling and trapping of radioactive atoms: the Legnaro francium magneto-optical trap," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 953-959 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-20-5-953


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. D. Sprouse and L. A. Orozco, “Laser trapping of radioactive atoms,” Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 47, 429–461 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Behr, A. Gorelov, T. Swanson, O. Hausser, K. P. Jackson, M. Trinczek, U. Giesen, J. M. D’Auria, R. Hardy, T. Wilson, P. Choboter, F. Leblond, L. Buchmann, M. Dombsky, C. D. P. Levy, G. Roy, B. A. Brown, and J. Dilling, “Magneto-optic trapping of β-decaying 38K, 37K from an on-line isotopes separator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 375–378 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. Z.-T. Lu, C. T. Bowers, S. J. Freedman, B. K. Fujikawa, J. L. Mortara, S.-Q. Shang, K. P. Coulter, and L. Young, “Laser trapping of short-lived radioactive isotopes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3791–3794 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Gwinner, J. A. Behr, S. B. Cahn, A. Ghosh, L. A. Orozco, G. D. Sprouse, and F. Xu, “Magneto-optic trapping of radioactive 79Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3795–3798 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Guckert, X. Zhao, S. G. Crane, A. Hime, W. A. Taylor, D. Tupa, D. J. Vieira, and H. Wollnik, “Magneto-optical trapping of radioactive 82Rb atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 58, R1637–R1640 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. J. E. Simsarian, A. Ghosh, G. Gwinner, L. A. Orozco, G. D. Sprouse, and P. A. Voytas, “Magneto-optic trapping of 210Fr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3522–3525 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z.-T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, K. R. Vogel, C. E. Wieman, T. P. Dinneen, J. Maddi, and H. Gould, “Efficient collection of 221Fr into a vapor cell magneto-optic trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 994–997 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. J. S. Grossman, L. A. Orozco, M. R. Pearson, J. E. Simsarian, G. D. Sprouse, and W. Z. Zhao, “Hyperfine anomaly measurements in francium isotopes and the radial distribution of neutrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 935–938 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Perey, “Sur un element 87, derive de l’Actinium,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 208, 97–99 (1939).
  10. S. Liberman, J. Pinard, H. T. Duong, P. Juncar, J. L. Vialle, P. Jacquinot, G. Huber, F. Touchard, S. Buttgenbach, A. Pesnelle, C. Thibault, R. Klapish, and the ISOLDE collaboration, “First evidence of an optical transition in Fr atoms,” C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. B 286, 253–255 (1978).
  11. H. T. Duong, P. Juncar, S. Liberman, A. C. Mueller, R. Neugart, E. W. Otten, B. Peuse, J. Pinard, H. H. Stroke, C. Thibault, F. Touchard, J. L. Vialle, K. Wendt, and the ISOLDE collaboration, “First observation of the blue optical lines of francium,” Europhys. Lett. 3, 175–182 (1987). [CrossRef]
  12. E. Arnold, W. Borchers, H. T. Duong, P. Juncar, J. Lerme’, P. Lievens, W. Neu, R. Neugart, M. Pellarin, J. Pinard, J. L. Vialle, K. Wendt, and the ISOLDE collaboration, “Optical laser spectroscopy and hyperfine structure investigation of the 102S, 112S, 82D and 92D excited levels in francium,” J. Phys. B 23, 3511–3520 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Coc, C. Thibault, F. Touchard, H. T. Duong, P. Juncar, S. Liberman, J. Pinard, J. Lerme’, J. L. Vialle, S. Buttgenbach, A. C. Mueller, A. Pesnelle, and the ISOLDE collaboration, “Hyperfine structure and isotope shifts of 207–213, 220–228Fr: possible evidence of octupolar deformation,” Phys. Lett. B 163, 66–70 (1985). [CrossRef]
  14. S. V. Andreev, V. S. Letokhov, and V. I. Mishin, “Laser resonance photoionization spectroscopy of Rydberg levels in Fr,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1274–1276 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. A. Orozco, “Spectroscopy with trapped francium,” in Trapped Particles and Fundamental Physics, S. N. Atutov, R. Calabrese, and L. Moi, eds. (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2002), pp. 125–159.
  16. M. A. Bouchiat and C. Bouchiat, “Parity violations in atoms,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 60, 1351–1396 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. V. A. Dzuba, V. V. Flambaum, and O. P. Sushkov, “Calculation of energy levels, E1 transition amplitudes and parity violation in francium,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3454–3461 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. R. Lipski and M. R. Pearson, “Development of thick gold targets for the production of radioactive beams of francium,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 480, 156–161 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. G. Gwinner, “Laser trapping of radioactive atoms,” Ph.D. dissertation (State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, N.Y., 1995).
  20. A. Gozzini, F. Mango, J. H. Xu, G. Alzetta, F. Maccarrone, and R. A. Bernheim, “Light induced ejection of alkali atoms in polysiloxane coated cells,” Nuovo Cimento D 15, 709–716 (1993). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Meucci, E. Mariotti, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, “Light-induced atom desorption,” Europhys. Lett. 25, 639–643 (1994). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Rossi, V. Biancalana, B. Mai, and L. Tomassetti, “Long-term drift laser frequency stabilization using purely optical reference,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 2544–2548 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. C. Marinelli, K. A. Nasyrov, S. Bocci, B. Pieragnoli, A. Burchianti, V. Biancalana, E. Mariotti, S. N. Atutov, and L. Moi, “A new class of photo-induced phenomena in siloxane films,” Eur. Phys. J. D 13, 231–235 (2001). [CrossRef]
  24. E. Mariotti, M. Meucci, P. Bicchi, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, “An efficient photo-atom source,” Opt. Commun. 134, 121–126 (1997). [CrossRef]
  25. S. N. Atutov, R. Calabrese, V. Guidi, B. Mai, A. G. Rudavets, E. Scansani, L. Tomassetti, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and S. Veronesi, Phys. Rev. A (to be published).
  26. C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. Fortagh, A. Grossmann, T. W. Hansch, and C. Zimmermann, “Fast loading of a magneto-optical trap from a pulsed thermal source,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 6499–6502 (1998). [CrossRef]
  28. B. P. Anderson and A. Kasevich, “Loading a vapor-cell magneto-optic trap using light induced atom desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 023404 (2001). [CrossRef]
  29. L. Moi, “Application of a very long cavity laser to atom slowing down and optical pumping,” Opt. Commun. 50, 349–351 (1994). [CrossRef]
  30. S. N. Atutov, F. Bonazzi, R. Calabrese, V. Guidi, P. Lenisa, S. Petruio, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Generation of a frequency comb with a sharp edge of adjustable intensity and frequency,” Opt. Commun. 132, 269–274 (1996). [CrossRef]
  31. B. P. Anderson and M. A. Kasevich, “Enhanced loading of a magneto-optic trap from an atomic beam,” Phys. Rev. A 50, R3581–R3583 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. S. N. Atutov, R. Calabrese, R. Grimm, V. Guidi, I. Lauer, P. Lenisa, V. Luger, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, A. Peters, U. Schramm, D. Schwalm, and M. Stossel, “White-light laser cooling of a stored ion beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2129–2132 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited