OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 20, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2003
  • pp: 1486–1490

Optical-limiting response of rare-earth metallo-phthalocyanine-doped copolymer matrix

B. Aneeshkumar, Pramod Gopinath, C. P. G. Vallabhan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, and Jayan Thomas  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 20, Issue 7, pp. 1486-1490 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.20.001486


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (126 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The nanosecond optical-limiting characteristics (at 532 nm) of some rare-earth metallo-phthalocyanines (Sm(Pc)2, Eu(Pc)2, and LaPc) doped in a copolymer matrix of poly(methyl methacrylate) and methyl-2-cyanoacrylate have been studied for the first time to our knowledge. The optical-limiting response is attributed to reverse saturable absorption due to excited-state absorption. The performance of LaPc in a copolymer host is studied at different linear transmissions. The laser damage thresholds of all the samples are also reported.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3440) Lasers and laser optics : Laser-induced breakdown
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials

Citation
B. Aneeshkumar, Pramod Gopinath, C. P. G. Vallabhan, V. P. N. Nampoori, P. Radhakrishnan, and Jayan Thomas, "Optical-limiting response of rare-earth metallo-phthalocyanine-doped copolymer matrix," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1486-1490 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-20-7-1486


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. D. Dini, M. Barthel, and M. Hanack, “Phthalocyanines as active materials for optical limiting,” Eur. J. Org. Chem. 20, 3759–3769 (2001), and references therein.
  2. G. de la Torre, P. Vazquez, F. Agullo-Lopez, and T. Torres, “Phthalocyanines and related compounds: organic targets for nonlinear optical applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 8, 1671–1683 (1998), and reference therein.
  3. F. E. Hernandez, S. Yang, E. W. Van Stryland, and D. J. Hagan, “High-dynamic-range cascaded-focus optical limiter,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1180–1182 (2000).
  4. K. P. Unnikrishnan, J. Thomas, B. Paul, A. Kurian, P. Gopinath, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting in solutions of some rare earth substituted phthalocyanines,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 10, 113–121 (2001).
  5. Peiwang Zhu, Peng Wang, Wenfeng Qiu, Yunqi Liu, Cheng Ye, Guangyu Fang, and Yinglin Song, “Optical limiting properties of phthalocyanines-fullerence derivatives,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1319–1321 (2001).
  6. J. S. Shirk, R. G. S. Pong, S. R. Flom, H. Heckmann, and M. Hanack, “Effect of axial substitution on the optical limiting properties of indium phthalocyanines,” J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 1438 (2000).
  7. Chunfei Li, Lei Zhang, Miao Yang, Hui Wang, and Yuxiao Wang, “Dynamic and steady-state behaviors of reverse saturable absorption in metallophthalocyanine,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 1149–1157 (1994).
  8. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, “Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response,” Science 273, 1533–1536 (1996).
  9. I. S. Kirin, P. N. Moskalev, and Yu. A. Moskashev, “New complex compounds of phthalocyanine with rare earth elements,” Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 12, 707–712 (1967).
  10. C. C. Leznoff and A. B. P. Lever, eds., Phthalocyanines: Properties and Applications (VCH, Deerfield Beach, Fla., 1989).
  11. K. Kasuga, M. Tsutsui, R. C. Petterson, K. Tatsumi, N. van Opdenbosch, G. Pepe, and J. E. F. Meyer, “Structure of bis(phthalocyaninato)neodymium(III),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 102, 4835–4836 (1980).
  12. Haiping Xia and M. Nogami, “Copper phthalocyanine bonding with gel and their optical limiting properties,” Opt. Mater. 15, 93–98 (2000).
  13. A. Kost, L. Tutt, M. B. Klein, T. Kirk Dougherty, and W. E. Elias, “Optical limiting with C60 in polymethylmethacrylate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 334–336 (1993).
  14. M. Meneghetti, R. Signorini, M. Zerbetto, R. Bozio, M. Maggini, G. Scorrano, M. Prato, G. Brusatin, E. Menegazzo, and M. Guglielmi, Synth. Met. 86, 2353–2354 (1997).
  15. C. R. Giuliano and L. D. Hess, “Nonlinear absorption of light: optical saturation of electronic transitions in organic molecules with high intensity laser radiation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-3, 358–367 (1967).
  16. M. Sanghadasa, In-Seok Shin, R. D. Clark, Huaisong Guo, and B. G. Penn, “Optical limiting behavior of octa-decyloxy metallo-phthalocyanines,” J. Appl. Phys. 90, 31–37 (2001).
  17. Tiejun Xia, D. J. Hagan, A. Dogariu, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Optimization of optical limiting devices based on excited-state absorption,” Appl. Opt. 36, 4110–4122 (1997).
  18. T. C. Wen and I. D. Lian, “Nanosecond measurements ofnonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of bis-phthalocyanines at 532 nm,” Synth. Met. 83, 111–116 (1996).
  19. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, S. R. Marder, K. J. Perry, D. Alvarez, Jr., and I. Choong, “Enhanced reverse saturable absorption and optical limiting in heavy-atom-substituted phthalocyanines,” Opt. Lett. 19, 625–627 (1994).
  20. G. A. Kumar, J. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Optical properties of phthalocyanine molecules in cyano acrylate polymer host,” Mater. Res. Bull. 36, 1–8 (2001).
  21. Xin Wang, Chunling Liu, Qihuang Gong, Yanyi Huang, and Chunhui Huang, “Anomalous heavy atom effect on optical limiting property of homoleptic double decked sandwich-type lanthanide diphthalocyanines,” Opt. Commun. 197, 83–87 (2001).
  22. Pen Wang, Shuang Zhang, Peiji Wu, Cheng Ye, Hong Wei Liu, and Fu Xi, “Optical limiting property of optically active phthalocyanine derivatives,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 340, 261–266 (2001).
  23. Y. Kojima, T. Matsuoka, N. Sato, and H. Takahashi, “Optical limiting property of a polyacene-based oligomer synthesized under high pressure,” Macromolecules 28, 2893–2896 (1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited