The dual-beam mode-mismatched thermal lens technique was used to study the temperature dependence of the absolute fluorescence quantum efficiency (η) of a thermal-quenching fluorescence (TQF) process in Cr<sup>3+</sup>-doped colquiriite crystals (LiSAF and LiSGaF), from 300 to 450 K. The research was developed at a low excitation-power level in order to eliminate the energy-transfer upconversion effect. The results showed that TQF is the main loss mechanism involved. The thermal diffusivity, the thermal conductivity, and the specific heat of the samples were also measured in the same temperature range.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(350.5340) Other areas of optics : Photothermal effects
(350.6830) Other areas of optics : Thermal lensing
Viviane Pilla, Tomaz Catunda, Sandro Marcio Lima, Antonio Neto Medina, Mauro Luciano Baesso, Hans P. Jenssen, and Arlete Cassanho, "Thermal quenching of the fluorescence quantum efficiency in colquiriite crystals measured by thermal lens spectrometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1784-1791 (2004)