OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1797–1803

Electrically controllable diffuser made from randomly poled lithium niobate

Roger S. Cudney, Héctor M. Escamilla, and Luis A. Ríos  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 10, pp. 1797-1803 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.21.001797


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (664 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe an electrically controllable diffuser made from a randomly depoled lithium niobate wafer. The level of scattering produced by this diffuser can be varied continuously from a negligible amount (equal to or less than ordinary glass) to a level where the coherent component is practically extinguished. A statistical model for describing the diffuser is developed, from which analytical expressions for the coherent and diffuse components of the mean scattered intensity are obtained. Measurements of the mean intensity versus scattering angle and applied voltage that agree well with the theory are also reported.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2100) Materials : Electro-optical materials
(160.3730) Materials : Lithium niobate
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(290.0290) Scattering : Scattering

Citation
Roger S. Cudney, Héctor M. Escamilla, and Luis A. Ríos, "Electrically controllable diffuser made from randomly poled lithium niobate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1797-1803 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-21-10-1797


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. D. H. Jundt, G. A. Magel, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Periodically poled LiNbO3 for high-efficiency second harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2657–2659 (1991).
  2. J. Webjörn, V. Pruneri, P. St. J. Russell, J. R. M. Barr, and D. C. Hanna, “Quasi-phase-matched blue light generation in bulk lithium niobate, electrically poled via liquid electrodes,” Electron. Lett. 30, 894–895 (1994).
  3. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “42%-efficient single-pass cw second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1834–1836 (1997).
  4. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102–2116 (1995).
  5. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, “Continuous wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 713–715 (1996).
  6. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
  7. M. DiDomenico, Jr., and S. H. Wemple, “Oxygen-octahedra ferroelectrics. I. Theory of electro-optical and nonlinear optical effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 720–734 (1969).
  8. E. Jakeman, “Speckle statistics with a small number of scatterers,” Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 23, 453–461 (1984).
  9. A. A. Maradudin and E. R. Méndez, “Scattering by surfaces and phase screens,” in Scattering: Scattering and Inverse Scattering in Pure and Applied Science, Part 2 of Scattering in Microscopic Physics and Chemical Physics, R. Pike and P. Sabatier, eds. (Academic, San Diego, 2002), pp. 864–894.
  10. P. Beckmann, “Scattering by non-Gaussian surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-21, 169–175 (1973).
  11. E. Jakeman and B. J. Hoenders, “Scattering by surface of rectangular grooves,” Opt. Acta 29, 1587–1598 (1982).
  12. R. C. Hollins and D. L. Jordan, “Measurements of 10.6 μm radiation scattered by a pseudorandom surface of rectangular grooves,” Opt. Acta 30, 1275–1734 (1983).
  13. M. J. Kim, E. R. Méndez, and K. A. O’Donnell, “Scattering from gamma-distributed surfaces,” J. Mod. Opt. 34, 1107–1119 (1987).
  14. E. Jakeman, “Scattering by gamma-distributed phase screens,” Waves Random Media 2, 153–167 (1991).
  15. H. M. Escamilla and E. R. Méndez, “Speckle statistics from gamma-distributed random-phase screens,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 1929–1935 (1991).
  16. J. Marron and G. M. Morris, “Correlation properties of clipped laser speckle,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 1403–1410 (1985).
  17. M. Houé and P. D. Townsend, “An introduction to methods of periodic poling for second-harmonic generation,” J. Phys. D 28, 1747–1763 (1995).
  18. M. J. Missey, S. Russell, V. Dominic, R. G. Batchko, and K. L. Schepler, “Real-time visualization of domain formation in periodically poled lithium niobate,” Opt. Express 6, 186–195 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-6–10–186.
  19. V. Ya. Shur, E. L. Rumyantsev, R. G. Batchko, G. D. Miller, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, “Domain kinetics in the formation of a periodic domain structure in lithium niobate,” Phys. Solid State 41, 1681–1687 (1999).
  20. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals—Propagation and Control of Laser Radiation (Wiley Interscience, New York, 1984).
  21. J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of speckle patterns,” in Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, 2nd ed., J. C. Dainty, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), pp. 16–17.
  22. Ref. 21, p. 43.
  23. Ref. 21, p. 38.
  24. I. E. Barry, G. W. Ross, P. G. R. Smith, and R. W. Eason, “Ridge waveguides in lithium niobate fabricated by differential etching following spatially selective domain inversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1487–1488 (1999).
  25. Y. Cho, S. Kazuta, and H. Ito, “Scanning-nonlinear-dielectric-microscopy study on periodically poled LiNbO3 for a high-performance quasi-phase-matching device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2955–2957 (2001).
  26. G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, “A temperature dependent dispersion for congruently grown lithium niobate,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373–374 (1984).
  27. J. A. de Toro, M. D. Serrano, A. García Cabañes, and J. M. Cabrera, “Accurate interferometric measurement of electro-optic coefficients: application to quasi-stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Opt. Commun. 154, 23–27 (1998).
  28. T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, M. Ohama, A. J. Ikushima, Y. Furukawa, and K. Kitamura, “Comparison of electro-optic effect between stoichiometric and congruent LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 35, 499–501 (1999).
  29. M. Jazbinsek and M. Zgonik, “Material tensor parameters of LiNbO3 relevant for electro- and elasto-optics,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, 407–414 (2002).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited