We have investigated theoretically the tuning characteristics of a Josephson junction within a microcavity for one-photon spontaneous emission and for one-photon and two-photon stimulated emission. For spontaneous emission, we have established the linear relationship between the magnetic induction and the voltage needed to tune the system to emit at resonant frequencies. For stimulated emission, we have found an oscillatory dependence of the emission rate on the initial Cooper pair phase difference and the phase of the applied field. Under specific conditions, we have also calculated the values of the applied radiation amplitude for the first few emission maxima of the system and for the first five junction–cavity resonances for each process. Because the emission of photons can be controlled, it may be possible to use such a system to produce photons on demand. Such sources will have applications in the fields of quantum cryptography, communications, and computation.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
Andrea T. Joseph, Robin Whiting, and Roger Andrews, "Spontaneous and stimulated emission tuning characteristics of a Josephson junction in a microcavity," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2035-2041 (2004)