OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2004
  • pp: 2085–2088

In-fiber electrode lithography

Niklas Myrén, Michael Fokine, Oleksandr Tarasenko, Lars-Erik Nilsson, Håkan Olsson, and Walter Margulis  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 12, pp. 2085-2088 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (349 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The fabrication of meter-long continuous internal fiber electrodes is achieved through deposition of a silver film inside a twin-hole fiber. Photolithography of the electrodes with 5-µm resolution inside the fiber is demonstrated by point-by-point side exposure to 0.53-µm radiation through the unharmed acrylate coating, causing laser ablation. A proof-of-principle experiment demonstrates the creation of a phase-matched structure for frequency doubling.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices

Niklas Myrén, Michael Fokine, Oleksandr Tarasenko, Lars-Erik Nilsson, Håkan Olsson, and Walter Margulis, "In-fiber electrode lithography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2085-2088 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. J. Eggleton, C. Kerbage, P. S. Westbrook, R. S. Windeler, and A. Hale, “Microstructured optical fiber devices,” Opt. Express 9, 698–713 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Mach, M. Dolinski, K. W. Baldwin, J. A. Rogers, C. Kerbage, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Tunable microfluidic optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4294–4296 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. T. T. Larsen, A. Bjarklev, D. S. Hermann, and J. Broeng, “Optical devices based on liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibres,” Opt. Express 11, 2589–2596 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, “Internal electrode fiber polarization controller,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 86 of USA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper MF35, p. 39.
  5. M. Fokine, L. E. Nilsson, Å. Claesson, D. Berlemont, L. Kjellberg, L. Krummenacher, and W. Margulis, “Integrated fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer for electro-optic switching,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1643–1645 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Large second-order nonlinearity in poled fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1732–1734 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. X. C. Long, R. A. Myers, and S. R. J. Brueck, “A poled electrooptic fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 227–229 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. P. G. Kazansky, P. St. J. Russell, L. Dong, and C. N. Pannnell, “Pockels effect in thermally poled silica optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 31, 62–63 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. G. Kazansky, D. J. Richardson, N. G. Broderick, J. P. de Sandro, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. A. Levenson, “Greater than 20%-efficient frequency doubling of 1532-nm nanosecond pulses in quasi-phase-matched germanosilicate optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 24, 208–210 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. C. D. Rabii, D. J. Gibson, and J. A. Harrington, “Processing and characterization of silver films used to fabricate hollow glass waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4486–4493 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Wen, J. Gao, B. Bian, and J. Shen, “Investigation on roughness of silver thin films inside silica capillaries for hollow waveguides,” Mater. Lett. 50, 124–128 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. W. Margulis, F. Laurell, and B. Lesche, “Imaging the nonlinear grating in frequency-doubling fibres,” Nature (London) 378, 699–701 (1995). [CrossRef]
  13. P. G. Kazansky, L. Dong, and P. St. J. Russell, “Vacuum poling: an improved technique for effective thermal poling of silica glass and germanosilicate optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1345–1347 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited