The characteristic function of soliton phase jitter is found analytically when the soliton is perturbed by amplifier noise. In addition to that from amplitude jitter, the nonlinear phase noise due to frequency and timing jitter is also analyzed. With nonlinear phase noise, the overall phase jitter is non-Gaussian distributed. For a fixed mean nonlinear phase shift, the contribution of nonlinear phase noise from frequency and timing jitter decreases with distance and signal-to-noise ratio.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
Keang-Po Ho, "Phase statistics of the soliton," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 266-272 (2004)