We report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first observation of transient spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fluorozirconate glass around 1.53 μm. Holes deeper than 12% were burnt. A study of the hole width as a function of power density, wavelength, temperature, and erbium concentration has been performed and underlines the role of spectral diffusion. Dynamics of refilling of the holes, involving optical pumping of the long-lived <sup>4</sup>I<sub>13/2</sub> excited state, was also investigated. The nearly linear temperature dependence of the hole width behaves as reported for other rare-earth ions and is interpreted within the framework of the two-level systems theory. Hole-refilling dynamics has been studied for three different erbium concentrations and is used to interpret the origin of the saturation.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.3700) Spectroscopy : Linewidth
(300.6460) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, saturation
Laurent Bigot, Samuel Choblet, Anne-Marie Jurdyc, Bernard Jacquier, and Jean-Luc Adam, "Transient spectral hole burning in erbium-doped fluoride glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 307-312 (2004)