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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2004
  • pp: 425–428

Absorption resonance and large negative delay in rubidium vapor with a buffer gas

Eugeniy E. Mikhailov, Vladimir A. Sautenkov, Yuri V. Rostovtsev, and George R. Welch  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 425-428 (2004)

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We observe a narrow, isolated, two-photon absorption resonance in  87Rb for large one-photon detuning in the presence of a buffer gas. In the absence of a buffer gas, a standard Λ configuration of two laser frequencies gives rise to electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) for all values of one-photon detuning throughout the inhomogeneously (Doppler) broadened line. However, when a buffer gas is added and the one-photon detuning is comparable to or greater than the Doppler width, an absorption resonance appears instead of the usual EIT resonance. We also observe a large negative group delay (≈-300 µs for a Gaussian pulse that propagates through the media with respect to a reference pulse not affected by the media), corresponding to a superluminal group velocity vg=-c/(3.6×106)=-84 m/s.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(270.5530) Quantum optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

Eugeniy E. Mikhailov, Vladimir A. Sautenkov, Yuri V. Rostovtsev, and George R. Welch, "Absorption resonance and large negative delay in rubidium vapor with a buffer gas," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 425-428 (2004)

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