OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2004
  • pp: 429–435

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: phenomenological approach

H. Grebel  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 429-435 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (280 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A new model for surface-enhanced Raman scattering is presented that includes the dipole effect of the molecule. Under the effect of an external polarizing field, changes in the molecular dipole significantly change the charge distribution on the metal-sphere surface, thereby increasing the molecular Raman cross section. This process is unrelated to surface-plasmon resonance; quite to the contrary, it is preferred to work away from any such resonance.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles
(290.5860) Scattering : Scattering, Raman
(300.6420) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, nonlinear
(300.6450) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, Raman

H. Grebel, "Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: phenomenological approach," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 429-435 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Mooradian, Raman Spectroscopy of Solids, Laser Handbook (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972).
  2. M. Fleischmann, P. J. Hendra, and A. J. McQuillan, “Raman spectra of pyridine adsorbed at a silver electrode,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 26, 163–166 (1974). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Moskovits, “Surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 783–826 (1985). [CrossRef]
  4. F. J. Garcia-Vidal and J. B. Pendry, “Collective theory for surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1163–1166 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Arnold, P. Bussemer, K. Hehl, H. Grabhorn, and A. Otto, “Enhanced Raman scattering from benzene condensed on a silver grating,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 2329–2346 (1992). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Kahl, E. Voges, S. Kostrewa, C. Viets, and W. Hill, “Periodically structured metallic substrates for SERS,” Sens. Actuators B 51, 285–291 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Grebel, Z. Iqbal, and A. Lan, “Detection of C60 using sur- face enhanced Raman scattering from metal coated periodic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3194–3196 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Grebel, Z. Iqbal, and A. Lan, “Detecting single wall nanotubes with surface enhanced Raman scattering from metal coated periodic structures,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348, 203–208 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. Dasari, and M. Feld, “Ultrasensitive chemical analysis by Raman spectroscopy,” Chem. Rev. 99, 2957–2975 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. A. M. Michaels, M. Nirmal, and L. E. Brus, “Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy of individual 6G molecules on large Ag nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 9932–9939 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. Jin Kong, Electromagnetic Wave Theory, 2nd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1990).
  12. L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevski, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1984).
  13. J. Verdeyen, Laser Electronics, 3rd ed. (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1995).
  14. A. Sarychev and V. Shalaev, “Electromagnetic field fluctuations and optical nonlinearities in metal-dielectric composites,” Phys. Rep. 335, 275–371 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Xu, J. Aizourua, M. Käll, and P. Apell, “Electromagnetic contributions to single-molecule sensitivity in surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. E 62, 4318–4324 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Nie and S. R. Emory, “Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Science 275, 1102–1105 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. Kneipp, Y. Wang, H. Kneipp, L. T. Perelman, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Single molecule detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1667–1671 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited