OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2004
  • pp: 539–542

Modeling of radiation-balanced continuous-wave laser oscillators

Chen Li, Qiang Liu, Mali Gong, Gang Chen, and Ping Yan  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 539-542 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (128 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A model has been developed to describe the dynamic behavior of radiation-balanced cw laser oscillators. We have derived algebraic equations and analytic expressions from the set of coupled rate equations and the requirements for radiation balance. The analytic expression predicts that the characteristics of a radiation-balanced laser are explicitly affected only by temperature, cavity parameters, and fundamental material properties. Several figures are generated from the derived expressions by use of Yb:KGW as an example. From these figures, the output characteristics of radiation-balanced laser oscillators are well revealed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3320) Lasers and laser optics : Laser cooling
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.3430) Lasers and laser optics : Laser theory

Chen Li, Qiang Liu, Mali Gong, Gang Chen, and Ping Yan, "Modeling of radiation-balanced continuous-wave laser oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 539-542 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, S. B. Sutton, and S. A. Payne, “High-power dual-rod Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 25, 805–807 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. G. D. Goodno, S. Palese, J. Harkenrider, and H. Injeyan, “Yb:YAG power oscillator with high brightness and linear polarization,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1672–1674 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, “A 1-kW CW thin disc laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 650–657 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Bruesselbach, “Power scaling issues for Yb:YAG lasers,” in OSA Annual Meeting (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001).
  5. P. Pringsheim, “Zwei Bemerkungen über den Unterschied von Lumineszenzund Temperaturstrahlung,” Z. Phys. 57, 739–746 (1929). [CrossRef]
  6. R. I. Epstein, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, T. R. Gosnell, and C. E. Mungan, “Observation of laser-induced fluorescent cooling of a solid,” Nature 377, 500–503 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Lamouche, P. Lavallard, R. Suris, and R. Grousson, “Low temperature laser cooling with a rare-earth doped glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 84, 509–516 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. S. R. Bowman and C. E. Mungan, “New materials for optical cooling,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 807–811 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, A. J. García, R. Balda, and J. L. Adam, “Anti-Stokes laser-induced internal cooling of Yb3+-doped glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 3213–3217 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Rayner, M. E. J. Friese, A. G. Truscott, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Laser cooling of a solid from ambient temperature,” J. Mod. Opt. 48, 103–114 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. S. R. Bowman, “Lasers without internal heat generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 115–122 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. S. R. Bowman, N. W. Jenkins, S. P. O’Connor, and B. J. Feldman, “Sensitivity and stability of a radiation-balanced laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1339–1348 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. C. E. Mungan, “Thermodynamics of radiation-balanced lasing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1075–1082 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Modeling and CW operation of a quasi-three-level 946 nm Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 605–612 (1987). [CrossRef]
  15. S. R. Bowman and C. E. Mungan, “Selecting materials for radiation balanced lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), p. 446.
  16. S. R. Bowman, N. W. Jenkins, B. J. Feldman, and S. P. O’Connor, “Demonstration of a radiatively cooled laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. 180.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited