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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1098–1103

Highly sensitive detection of the carrier-envelope phase evolution and offset of femtosecond mode-locked oscillators

David J. Jones, Tara M. Fortier, and Steven T. Cundiff  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 1098-1103 (2004)

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We demonstrate use of a lock-in detection method that is capable of highly sensitive detection of carrier-envelope-phase-sensitive phenomena. This method can measure static offsets to the carrier-envelope phase. To demonstrate the ability to measure static offsets in the phase, the change in carrier-envelope phase caused by extracavity dispersion is measured. Unavoidable offsets in measurement of the carrier-envelope phase by the standard ν-to-2ν self-referencing scheme is analyzed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

David J. Jones, Tara M. Fortier, and Steven T. Cundiff, "Highly sensitive detection of the carrier-envelope phase evolution and offset of femtosecond mode-locked oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1098-1103 (2004)

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  1. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  7. This is often shortened to the absolute phase, which is a misnomer as there is nothing absolute about the envelope.
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  12. T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, “Highly phase stable mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1002–1010 (2003). [CrossRef]
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  19. T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, “Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. (to be published).

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