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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2004
  • pp: 996–1004

Dynamic grating features for the surface-induced photorefractive effect in undoped nematics

Pasquale Pagliusi and Gabriella Cipparrone  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 5, pp. 996-1004 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.21.000996


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Abstract

We investigate the highly sensitive surface-induced photorefractive gratings, observed in undoped nematic planar cells for low dc voltage (few volts) and laser intensity (few milliwatts per square centimeter). Forced-light-scattering and two-beam coupling measurements on E7 nematic samples, aligned with rubbed polyvinyl alcohol layers, verify the orientational effect of a space-charge field and the crucial role of the polymer–liquid-crystal interface in the photoinduced processes, through a wavelength-dependent photoelectric activation. The experimental behavior supports the surface-induced photorefractive effect model, according to which light with the proper wavelength locally reduces the interfacial charge density, thus producing a space-charge electric field in the cell.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(190.7070) Nonlinear optics : Two-wave mixing
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(240.6670) Optics at surfaces : Surface photochemistry

Citation
Pasquale Pagliusi and Gabriella Cipparrone, "Dynamic grating features for the surface-induced photorefractive effect in undoped nematics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 996-1004 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-21-5-996


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References

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  30. P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, “Photorefractive effect due to a photo-induced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals,” submitted to Phys. Rev. E.

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