The performance of distributed fiber sensors based on spontaneous Brillouin scattering is largely determined by the peak power governed by nonlinear thresholds that can be launched into the sensing fiber. Our investigations show that, in long-range (>20-km) sensors that use a standard single-mode fiber operating at 1.5 µm, modulation instability can limit the acceptable pulse power to below 100 mW. Using a nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber with negative dispersion we can avoid this problem and obtain a ninefold increase in launched power.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(290.5830) Scattering : Scattering, Brillouin
Mohamed N. Alahbabi, Yuh Tat Cho, Trevor P. Newson, Peter C. Wait, and Arthur H. Hartog, "Influence of modulation instability on distributed optical fiber sensors based on spontaneous Brillouin scattering," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1156-1160 (2004)