OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1250–1254

High-resolution spectroscopy of Sm i performed with an extended-cavity violet diode laser

Hyunmin Park, Duck-Hee Kwon, and Yongjoo Rhee  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 6, pp. 1250-1254 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (170 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We performed high-resolution spectroscopy of Sm i in the near-UV transitions by using an extended-cavity violet diode laser. By adopting traditional Doppler-free saturated-absorption spectroscopy, we made accurate measurements of the isotope shifts for Sm i. For an atomic excitation laser we used an extended-cavity violet diode laser that was operated in the wavelength range 398–400 nm. As for the experimental results, Doppler-free spectra of the 399.002- and 399.102-nm transition lines of Sm were obtained and the isotope shifts between the even-mass isotopes were measured for the first time to our knowledge. Additionally, we used the King-plot method to check the consistency of the measured isotope shifts and to analyze them as mass shifts and field shifts. For a more quantitative analysis, we performed an ab initio calculation by using the relativistic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock method.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.3260) Atomic and molecular physics : Isotope shifts
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers

Hyunmin Park, Duck-Hee Kwon, and Yongjoo Rhee, "High-resolution spectroscopy of Sm I performed with an extended-cavity violet diode laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1250-1254 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. Park, J. Lee, J.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Chang, “Selective photoionization of the ytterbium atom by coherent two-photon excitation,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1751–1755 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Wakasugi, T. Horiguchi, W. G. Jin, H. Sakata, and Y. Yoshizawa, “Changes of the nuclear charge distribution of Nd, Sm, Gd, and Dy from optical isotope shifts,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 59, 2700–2713 (1990). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Brand, B. Seibert, and A. Steudel, “Laser-atomic-beam spectroscopy in Sm: isotope shifts and charges in mean square nuclear charge radii,” Z. Phys. A 296, 281–286 (1980). [CrossRef]
  4. K. B. Macadam, A. Steinbach, and C. Wieman, “A narrow-band tunable diode laser system with grating feedback, and a saturated absorption spectrometer for Cs and Rb,” Am. J. Phys. 60, 1098–1111 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. I. E. Olivares, A. E. Duarte, T. Lokajczyk, A. Dinklage, and F. J. Duarte, “Doppler-free spectroscopy and collisional studies with tunable diode lasers of lithium isotopes in a heat-pipe oven,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1932–1939 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. W.-G. Jin, T. Endo, H. Uematsu, T. Minowa, and H. Katsuragawa, “Diode-laser hyperfine-structure spectroscopy of 138, 139La,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 064501 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Park, M. Lee, E. C. Jung, J. Yi, Y. Rhee, and J. Lee, “Isotope shifts of Sm I measured by diode-laser-based Doppler-free spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1169–1174 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. R. S. Conroy, J. J. Hewett, G. P. T. Lancaster, W. Sibbett, J. W. Allen, and K. Dholakia, “Characterization of an extended cavity violet diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 175, 185–188 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. D. J. Lonsdale, A. P. Willis, and T. A. King, “Extended tuning and single-mode operation of an anti-reflection-coated InGaN violet laser diode in a Littrow cavity,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 488–498 (2002).
  10. J. I. Kim, C. Y. Park, J. Y. Yeom, E. B. Kim, and T. H. Yoon, “Frequency-stabilized high-power violet laser diode with an ytterbium hollow-cathode lamp,” Opt. Lett. 28, 245–247 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Hildebrandt, R. Knispel, S. Stry, J. R. Sacher, and F. Schael, “Antireflection-coated blue GaN laser diodes in an external cavity and Doppler-free indium absorption spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 42, 2110–2118 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. A. Komarovskii and Yu. M. Smirnov, “Experimental study of the absolute values of electronic transition probabilities in a samarium atom,” Opt. Spektrosk. 80, 357–361 (1996).
  13. W. H. King, “Comments on ‘Peculiarities of the isotope shift in the samarium spectrum, ’” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 53, 638–639 (1963). [CrossRef]
  14. W. H. King, Isotope Shifts in Atomic Spectra (Plenum, New York, 1984).
  15. I. I. Sobelman, Introduction to the Theory of Atomic Spectra (Pergamon, New York, 1972).
  16. S. Bouazza, D. S. Gough, P. Hannaford, M. Wilson, and C. Lim, “Isotope shift studies in Zr I by Doppler-free saturated absorption spectroscopy and pseudo-relativistic Hartree–Fock calculations,” J. Phys. B 35, 651–662 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Wilson, “Ab initio calculation of core relaxation and screening effects on |Ψ(0)|2 for Sm and Eu,” J. Phys. B 5, 218–228 (1972). [CrossRef]
  18. J. P. Desclaux, “Multiconfiguration relativistic Dirac–Fock program,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 9, 31–45 (1975). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited