OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 21, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1294–1301

Kinetic model of irreversible photobleaching of dye-doped polymer waveguide materials

Ed McKenna, Jiuzhi Xue, Angelo Verdoni, Mike Yetzbacher, Regis Fan, and Alan Mickelson  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 7, pp. 1294-1301 (2004)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.21.001294


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (184 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We consider the irreversible photobleaching of guest–host polymer combinations, those of benzocyclobutene and perfluorocyclobutene doped with 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethyl aminostyryl)-4H-pyran. The time evolution of the absorption spectrum bleached by the 514-nm line of an Ar+-ion laser can be described by a change in amplitudes of the observed Gaussian-shaped absorption features as a function of the applied photobleaching dose. A phenomenological model that describes this time evolution compares favorably with the experimental data. A discussion of the reasons that so simple a model may be applicable to polymer systems doped with stilbenelike dyes is made.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.0130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics
(130.3130) Integrated optics : Integrated optics materials
(160.3130) Materials : Integrated optics materials
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials

Citation
Ed McKenna, Jiuzhi Xue, Angelo Verdoni, Mike Yetzbacher, Regis Fan, and Alan Mickelson, "Kinetic model of irreversible photobleaching of dye-doped polymer waveguide materials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1294-1301 (2004)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-21-7-1294


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. H. Rau, “Photoisomerization of azobenzenes,” in Photochemistry and Photophysics, F. J. Rabeck, ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1990), Chap. 4.
  2. C. J. Barrett, A. L. Natansohn, and P. L. Rochon, “Mechanism of optically inscribed high-efficiency diffraction gratings in azo polymer films,” J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8836–8842 (1996).
  3. A. Natansohn and P. Rochon, “Photoinduced motions in azo-containing polymers,” Chem. Rev. 102, 4139–4175 (2002).
  4. J. A. Delaire and K. Nakatani, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of photochromic molecules and materials,” Chem. Rev. 100, 1817–1845 (2000).
  5. K. D. Singer, J. E. Schu, and S. J. Lalama, “Second harmonic generation in poled polymer films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 248–250 (1986).
  6. K. D. Singer, M. D. Kuzyk, and J. E. Schu, “Second-order nonlinear optical processes in orientationally ordered materials: relationship between molecular and macroscopic processes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 968–976 (1987).
  7. I. P. Kaminow, L. W. Stulz, E. A. Chandross, and C. A. Pryde, “Photobleaching of organic laser dyes in solid matrices,” Appl. Opt. 11, 1563–1567 (1972).
  8. W. J. Tomlinson, “Phase holograms in photochromic materials,” Appl. Opt. 11, 823–831 (1972).
  9. K. B. Rochford, R. Zanoni, Q. Gong, and G. I. Stegeman, “Fabrication of integrated optical structures in polydiacetylene films by irreversible photoinduced bleaching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1161–1163 (1989).
  10. M. B. J. Diemeer, F. M. M. Suyten, E. S. Trammel, A. McDonagh, J. M. Copeland, V. W. Jenneskens, and W. H. G. Horsthuis, “Photo-induced channel waveguide formation in nonlinear optical polymers,” Electron. Lett. 26, 379–380 (1990).
  11. K. W. Beeson, K. A. Horn, M. McFarland, and J. T. Yardley, “Photochemical laser writing of polymeric optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1955–1957 (1991).
  12. T. E. Van Eck, A. J. Ticknor, R. S. Lytel, and G. F. Lipscomb, “Complementary optical tap fabricated in an electrooptic polymer waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1588–1590 (1991).
  13. S. Ermer, J. F. Valley, R. Lytel, G. F. Lipscomb, T. E. Van, and D. G. Girton, “DCM polyimide system for poled polymer electro-optic devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2272–2274 (1992).
  14. T. Kaino, “Waveguide fabrication using organic nonlinear optical materials,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, R1–R7 (2000).
  15. Y. Shi, W. H. Steir, L. Lu, M. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, “Large, stable photoinduced refractive index change in a nonlinear optical polyester polymer with disperse red side groups,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1131–1133 (1991).
  16. R. S. Moshrefzadeh, D. K. Misemer, M. D. Radcliffe, C. V. Francis, and S. K. Mohapatra, “Nonuniform photobleaching of dyed polymers for optical waveguiding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 16–18 (1993).
  17. K. K. Chakravorty, “Photogeneration of refractive-index patterns in doped polyimide films,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2331–2338 (1993).
  18. T. Zyung, J.-J. Kim, W.-Y. Hwang, and S.-D. Jung, “Effects of photobleaching wavelength on the resulting refractive in-dex profiles in nonlinear optical polymeric thin films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 247, 49–58 (1994).
  19. T. Zyung, W.-Y. Hwang, and J.-J. Kim, “Accelerated photobleaching of nonlinear optical polymer for the formation of optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3527–3529 (1994).
  20. J. Vydra, H. Beisinghoff, T. Tschudi, and M. Eich, “Photodecay mechanisms in side chain nonlinear optical polymethacrylates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1035–1037 (1996).
  21. J. Ma, S. Lin, W. Feng, R. J. Feuerstein, R. B. Hooker, and A. R. Mickelson, “Modeling photobleached optical polymer waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 34, 5352–5360 (1995).
  22. D. Tomić and A. R. Mickelson, “Photobleaching for waveguide formation in a guest–host polyimide,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3893–3903 (1999).
  23. W. Feng, S. Lin, R. B. Hooker, and A. R. Mickelson, “Study of UV-bleached channel-waveguide performance in nonlinear optical polymer films,” Appl. Opt. 34, 6885–6891 (1995).
  24. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).
  25. D. H. Wahldeck, “Photoisomerization dynamics of stilbenes,” Chem. Rev. 91, 415–436 (1991).
  26. J. Saltiel, “Perdeuterostilbene. The role of phantom states in the cis–trans photoisomerization of stilbenes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89, 1036–10, 037 (1967).
  27. T. Tsutsui, A. Hatakayama, and S. Saltin, “Analysis of thermal reactions in photochromic species in glassy matrices based on the concept of dispersive processes,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 132, 563–566 (1986).
  28. Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, “Poling of azo dye-doped polymeric films at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 54, 486–489 (1992).
  29. J. Saltiel and Y. P. Sun, “Cis–trans isomerization of C=C double bonds,” in Photochemistry and Photophysics, H. Durr and H. Bouas-Laurent, eds. (Elsevier, New York, 1990), Chap. 3.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited