OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 21, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2004
  • pp: 1647–1650

Frequency-modulation-induced transient oscillation in the spectra of electromagnetically induced transparency

Yong-Fan Chen, Guan-Chi Pan, and Ite A. Yu  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 21, Issue 9, pp. 1647-1650 (2004)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (129 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We observed the transient oscillation in the spectra of electromagnetically induced transparency by rapidly sweeping the probe laser frequency. The spectra were measured with laser-cooled  87Rb atoms. We show that the amplitude of the transient oscillation decays exponentially at a rate of Ωc2/2Γ, where Ωc is the Rabi frequency of the coupling laser and Γ is the spontaneous decay rate of the excited state. Using the transient oscillation, we demonstrate a simple method to determine Ωc. This method is particularly useful with the low-intensity coupling laser.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser

Yong-Fan Chen, Guan-Chi Pan, and Ite A. Yu, "Frequency-modulation-induced transient oscillation in the spectra of electromagnetically induced transparency," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1647-1650 (2004)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Imamoǧlu and S. E. Harris, “Lasers without inversion: interference of dressed lifetime-broadened states,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1344–1346 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. J. Boller, A. Imamoǧlu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. For a recent review, see J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 471–503 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy,” in Progress in Optics XXXV, A. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 257–354.
  5. H. M. Gray, R. M. Whitley, and C. R. Stroud, Jr., “Coherent trapping of atomic populations,” Opt. Lett. 3, 218–220 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “Storage of light in atomic vapor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783–786 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. O. A. Kocharovskaya and Ya. I. Khanin, “Coherent amplification of an ultrashort pulse in a three-level medium without a population inversion,” JETP Lett. 48, 630–634 (1988).
  10. A. S. Zibrov, M. D. Lukin, D. E. Nikonov, L. Hollberg, M. O. Scully, and V. Velichansky, “Experimental demonstration of laser oscillation without population inversion via quantum interference in Rb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1499–1502 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, “Observation of transient gain without population inversion in a laser-cooled rubidium Λ system,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2631–2634 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. E. Harris and Z. F. Luo, “Preparation energy for electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R928–R931 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. X. Chen, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, “Observation of transient electromagnetically induced transparency in a rubidium Lambda system,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1545–1548 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Valente, H. Failache, and A. Lezama, “Temporal buildup of electromagnetically induced transparency and absorption resonances in degenerate two-level transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 013806 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. C. Chen, Y. W. Chen, J. J. Su, J. Y. Huang, and I. A. Yu, “Pump-probe spectroscopy of cold 87Rb atoms in various polarization configurations,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043808 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. C. Chen, Y. A. Liao, H. Y. Chiu, J. J. Su, and I. A. Yu, “Observation of the quantum interference phenomenon induced by interacting dark resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 053806 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1997), Sect. 7.3.
  20. If relaxation rate, γ, of the ground-state coherence is not negligible, decay rate of the transient oscillation becomes Ωc2 /2Γ+γ.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited