OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 22, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2005
  • pp: 57–64

Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency in magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized field

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, and A. V. Taichenachev  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 57-64 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (193 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Using a 12 transition as an analytically tractable model, we discuss in detail magneto-optical resonances of both electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) and electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) types in the Hanle configuration. The analysis is made for an arbitrary rate of depolarizing collisions in the excited state and an arbitrary elliptical field polarization. The obtained results clearly show that the main reason for the EIA subnatural resonance is the spontaneous transfer of anisotropy from the excited level to the ground level. In the EIA case we predict the negative structures in the absorption resonance at large field detuning. The role of the finite atom-light interaction time is briefly discussed. In addition we study nontrivial peculiarities of the resonance line shape related to the velocity spread in a gas.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

D. V. Brazhnikov, A. M. Tumaikin, V. I. Yudin, and A. V. Taichenachev, "Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency in magneto-optical resonances in an elliptically polarized field," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 57-64 (2005)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1997), Chap. 7.
  2. O. Kocharovskaya, "Amplification and lasing without inversion," Phys. Rep. 219, 175-190 (1992). [CrossRef]
  3. M. O. Scully, "From lasers and masers to phaseonium and phasers," Phys. Rep. 219, 191-201 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. L. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature (London) 397, 594-598 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashuk, "Nonlinear magneto-optics and reduced group velocity of light in atomic vapor with slow ground state relaxation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1767-1770 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. M. D. Lukin, A. B. Matsko, M. Fleischhauer, and M. O. Scully, "Quantum noise and correlations in resonantly enhanced wave mixing based on atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1847-1850 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. S. E. Harris and L. V. Hau, "Nonlinear optics at low light levels," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4611-4614 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. Lukin and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency," Nature (London) 413, 273-276 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, "Enhanced Kerr nonlinearity via atomic coherence in a three-level atomic system," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 073601 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Akulshin, A. Celikov, and V. Velichansky, "Subnatural absorption resonances on the D1 line of rubidium induced by coherent population trapping," Opt. Commun. 84, 139-143 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Brandt, A. Nagel, R. Wynands, and D. Meschede, "Buffer-gas-induced linewidth reduction of coherent dark resonances to below 50 Hz," Phys. Rev. A 56, R1063-R1066 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Vanier, A. Godone, and F. Levi, "Coherent population trapping in cesium: dark lines and coherent microwave emission," Phys. Rev. A 58, 2345-2358 (1998). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Erhard and H. Helm, "Buffer-gas effects on dark resonances: theory and experiment," Phys. Rev. A 63, 043813 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Stahler, R. Wynands, S. Knappe, J. Kitching, L. Hollberg, A. Taichenachev, and V. Yudin, "Coherent population trapping resonances in thermal 85Rb vapor: D1 versus D2 line excitation," Opt. Lett. 27, 1472-1474 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Jansses, and M. Delaney, "Contrast and linewidth of the coherent population trapping transmission hyperfine resonance line in 87Rb: effect of optical pumping," Phys. Rev. A 67, 065801 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. P. R. Hemmer, S. Ezekiel, and C. C. Leiby, Jr., "Stabilization of a microwave oscillator using a resonance Raman transition in a sodium beam," Opt. Lett. 8, 440-442 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. O. Scully and M. Fleschauer, "High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360-1363 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Kitching, S. Knappe, N. Vukicevic, L. Hollberg, R. Wynands, and W. Weidemann, "A microwave frequency reference based on VCSEL-driven dark line resonances in Cs vapor," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 49, 1313-1317 (2000). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Stahler, S. Knappe, C. Affolderbach, W. Kemp, and R. Wynands, "Picotesla magnetometry with coherent dark states," Europhys. Lett. 54, 323-328 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. J. Vanier, M. W. Levine, D. Jansses, and M. Delaney, "On the use of intensity optical pumping and coherent population trapping techniques in the implementation of atomic frequency standards," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 52, 822-831 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Laser cooling below the one-photon recoil energy by velocity-selective coherent population trapping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 826-829 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. Aspect, E. Arimondo, R. Kaiser, N. Vansteenkiste, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Laser cooling below the one-photon recoil energy by velocity-selective coherent population trapping: theoretical analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2112-2124 (1989). [CrossRef]
  24. P. Marte, P. Zoller, and J. L. Hall, "Coherent atomic mirrors and beam splitters by adiabatic passage in multilevel systems," Phys. Rev. A 44, R4118-R4121 (1991). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Weitz, B. C. Young, and S. Chu, "Atomic interferometer based on adiabatic population transfer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2563-2566 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. P. D. Featonby, G. S. Summy, C. L. Webb, R. M. Godun, M. K. Oberthaler, A. C. Wilson, C. J. Foot, and K. Burnett, "Separated-path Ramsey atom interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 495-499 (1998). [CrossRef]
  27. M. Fleschauer and M. D. Lukin, "Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094-5097 (2000). [CrossRef]
  28. M. Fleschauer and M. D. Lukin, "Quantum memory for photons: Dark-state polaritons," Phys. Rev. A 65, 022314 (2002). [CrossRef]
  29. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature (London) 409, 490-493 (2001). [CrossRef]
  30. D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. C. H. van der Wal, M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, R. L. Walsworth, D. F. Phillips, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Atomic memory for correlated photon states," Science 301, 196-200 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997). [CrossRef]
  34. G. Alzetta, A. Gozzini, L. Moi, and G. Orriols, "An experimental method for the observation of R.F. transitions and laser beat resonances in oriented Na vapour," Nuovo Cimento Soc. Ital. Fis., B 36, 5-20 (1976). [CrossRef]
  35. E. Arimondo, "Coherent population trapping in laser spectroscopy," in Progress in Optics, Vol. XXXV , E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1996), pp. 257-354.
  36. A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, "Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996-3002 (1998). [CrossRef]
  37. A. Lezama, S. Barreiro, and A. M. Akulshin, "Electromagnetically induced absorption," Phys. Rev. A 59, 4732-4735 (1999). [CrossRef]
  38. Y. Dancheva, G. Alzetta, S. Cartaleva, M. Taslakov, and Ch. Andreeva, "Coherent effects on the Zeeman sublevels of hyperfine states in optical pumping of Rb by monomode diode laser," Opt. Commun. 178, 103-110 (2000). [CrossRef]
  39. F. Renzoni, S. Cartaleva, G. Alzetta, and E. Arimondo, "Enhanced absorption Hanle effect in the configuration of crossed laser beam and magnetic field," Phys. Rev. A 63, 065401 (2001). [CrossRef]
  40. M. Kwon, K. Kim, H. S. Moon, H. D. Park, and J. B. Kim, "Dependence of electromagnetically induced absorption on two combinations of orthogonal polarized beams," J. Phys. B 34, 2951-2961 (2001). [CrossRef]
  41. K. Kim, M. Kwon, H. D. Park, H. S. Moon, H. S. Rawat, K. An, and J. B. Kim, "Electromagnetically induced absorptionspectra depending on intensities and detunings of the coupling field in Cs vapour," J. Phys. B 34, 4801-4808 (2001). [CrossRef]
  42. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Marriotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, "Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs," Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002). [CrossRef]
  43. A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, "On the spontaneous-coherence-transfer-induced sign change of a sub-natural-width nonlinear resonance," JETP Lett. 69, 819-824 (1999). [CrossRef]
  44. A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, "Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system," Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (R) (2000). [CrossRef]
  45. H. Failache, P. Valente, G. Ban, V. Lorent, and A. Lezama, "Inhibition of electromagnetically induced absorption due to excited-state decoherence in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043810 (2003). [CrossRef]
  46. C. Goren, A. D. Wilson-Gordon, M. Rosenbluh, and H. Friedmann, "Electromagnetically induced absorption due to transfer of coherence and to transfer of population," Phys. Rev. A 67, 033807 (2003). [CrossRef]
  47. X. Chen, V. L. Telegdi, and A. Weis, "Quantitative study of the nonlinear Macaluso-Corbino (resonant Faraday) effect in Cs," Opt. Commun. 74, 301-305 (1990). [CrossRef]
  48. S. I. Kanorsky, A. Weis, J. Wurster, and T. W. Hansch, "Quantitative investigation of the resonant nonlinear Faraday effect under conditions of optical hyperfine pumping," Phys. Rev. A 47, 1220-1226 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. M. V. Krasheninnikov, V. S. Smirnov, M. B. Sultanov, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, "Anomalous self-rotation of the polarization plane of a confined light beam in a gas located in a weak magnetic field," Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 94, 204-209 (1988).
  50. A. P. Kasantsev, V. S. Smirnov, A. M. Tumaikin, and I. A. Yagofarov, "Effect of atomic ground state self-polarization in the optical-pumping cycle on the increase of linear light absorption for J-->J+1 transitions," Opt. Spectrosc. 57, 189-191 (1984).
  51. V. Milner and Y. Prior, "Biaxial spatial orientation of atomic angular momentum," Phys. Rev. A 59, R1738-R1741 (1999). [CrossRef]
  52. I. Novikova, A. Matsko, V. A. Sautenkov, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Ac-Stark shifts in the nonlinear Faraday effect," Opt. Lett. 25, 1651-1653 (2000). [CrossRef]
  53. A. B. Matsko, I. Novikova, M. S. Zubairy, and G. R. Welch, "Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation of elliptically polarized light," Phys. Rev. A 67, 043805 (2003). [CrossRef]
  54. D. Budker and S. M. Rochester, "A relation between electromagnetically induced absorption resonances and nonlinear magneto-optics in Lambda-systems," http://arxiv.org/abs/ physics/0310066.
  55. S. Knappe, M. Stahler, C. Affolderbach, A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, and R. Wynands, "Simple parameterization of dark-resonance line shapes," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 76, 57-63 (2003). [CrossRef]
  56. A. V. Taichenachev, V. I. Yudin, R. Wynands, M. Stahler, J. Kitching, and L. Hollberg, "Theory of dark resonances for alkali-metal vapors in a buffer-gas cell," Phys. Rev. A 67, 033810 (2003). [CrossRef]
  57. S. G. Rautian and A. M. Shalagin, Kinetic Problems of Nonlinear Spectroscopy (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991).
  58. G. Janik, W. Nagourney, and H. Dehmelt, "Doppler-free optical spectroscopy on the Ba+ mono-ion oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1251-1257 (1985). [CrossRef]
  59. B. Lounis and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, "Coherent population trapping and Fano profiles," J. Phys. II 2, 579-592 (1992).
  60. E. E. Mikhailov, I. Novikova, Yu. V. Rostovtsev, and G. R. Welch, "Buffer-gas induced absorption resonances in Rb vapor," http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0309171.
  61. A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, "Influence of atomic motion on the shape of two-photon resonance in gas," JETP Lett. 72, 119-122 (2000). [CrossRef]
  62. A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. O. Scully, "Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium," Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805 (2002). [CrossRef]
  63. C. Y. Ye and A. S. Zibrov, "Width of the electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. A 65, 023806 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited